Luke indicated that Jesus saw a special role for John the Baptist. He said that John was the one about whom Malachi, the prophet, chapter 3:1, had written (οὗτός ἐστιν περὶ οὗ γέγραπται), without mentioning the prophet’s name. Malachi had said that he was sending his messenger ahead of him or before his face (δοὺ ἀποστέλλω τὸν ἄγγελόν μου πρὸ προσώπου σου) to prepare the way before him (ὃς κατασκευάσει τὴν ὁδόν σου ἔμπροσθέν σου). This Scripture written passage about the role of John was from the prophet Malachi, although not explicitly mentioned here. This saying about John the Baptist can be found word for word in Matthew, chapter 11:10. Thus, this may have been a Q source about John, like many of the other passages about John. Actually, Mark, chapter 1:2, had part of this saying as the beginning of his gospel when he introduced John. In Malachi, Yahweh was going to send his messenger or angel before him or his face to prepare the way for him. Originally, Yahweh would re-enter into his Temple, because the messenger of the delightful covenant had prepared things for him. There is no mention of the Temple here. John was clearly inferior to Jesus, since he was there to prepare the way for Jesus as his messenger, much like an angel of God. Who prepared the way to Jesus for you?
This is another one of the unique sayings of Luke about John and his preaching that is not found elsewhere in the biblical writings. Luke said that even tax collectors came to be baptized (ἦλθον δὲ καὶ τελῶναι βαπτισθῆναι). They asked John (καὶ εἶπαν πρὸς αὐτόν), as their teacher (Διδάσκαλε), what they should do (τί ποιήσωμεν). Tax collectors had a special role in the biblical writings as they were considered like traitors to the Jewish people, since these were Jewish people who collected the Roman tax from the local people. However, they seemed capable of repentance, as here they were seeking baptism from John.
Luke said that Elizabeth wanted to know why this was happening to her (καὶ πόθεν μοι τοῦτο). Why was the Mary, the mother of the Lord (ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Κυρίου μου), coming to her (ἵνα ἔλθῃ…πρὸς ἐμέ)? Elizabeth recognized the special role of Mary as the mother of the Messiah, the divine Lord. What was she doing visiting her?
Next, Luke introduced an angel, just as in Matthew, chapter 1:20, when an angel appeared to Joseph to tell him about the birth of Jesus. Angels played a special role in Jewish society as messengers of the Lord. These angels were spiritual beings who worshipped God in heaven. Thus, the Temple had many engravings with angels on them, especially cherubim angels. Luke said that an angel of the Lord appeared to Zechariah (ὤφθη δὲ αὐτῷ ἄγγελος Κυρίου). This angel stood at the right side of the altar of incense (ἑστὼς ἐκ δεξιῶν τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου τοῦ θυμιάματος) in the sanctuary. Those outside praying knew nothing about this appearance of an angel inside the sanctuary.
Yahweh said that Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, would have a special role in the new kingdom of Israel. Yahweh was going to shake up heaven and earth. He was going to overthrow all the kingdoms and countries on the earth. All the chariots, with their riders, as well as the cavalry with their horses would all fall. Zerubbabel, the servant of Yahweh, would have a signet ring because Yahweh had chosen him. His grandfather would have been a king as part of the Davidic lineage
Without mentioning his name, this section talks about the righteous Joseph, based on the stories in Genesis, chapters 37-41. Joseph was sold by his brothers into slavery. However, wisdom did not abandon this righteous man (δίκαιον). She stayed with him when he was imprisoned in Egypt. However, due to his explanation of dreams, he received a special role in the Egyptian government. Thus he has an everlasting honor or eternal glory (δόξαν αἰώνιον). Of course, all this was accomplished because of wisdom.