Monthly sacrifices (Num 28:11-28:15)

“At the beginning of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to Yahweh. This shall be two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old without blemish. You add three-tenths of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull. There shall be two-tenths of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram. There should be one-tenth of choice flour mixed with oil as a grain offering for every lamb. This shall be a burnt offering of pleasing odor, an offering by fire for Yahweh. Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, one-third of a hin for a ram, and one-fourth of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering of each month throughout the months of the year. There shall be one male goat for a sin offering to Yahweh. It shall be offered in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.”

At the beginning of every month there had to be a special burnt offering. Once again, like a cook book, there is a list of what had to be in the burnt offerings. Ten animals are sacrificed each month at the festival time of the new moon, 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 male lambs. The bull had 3/10 of a bushel of flour, 2/10 of a bushel for the ram, and 1/10 of bushel for each lamb. The drink offerings were ½ of a hin of wine for a bull, 1/3 of a hin of wine for the ram, and ¼ of a hin of wine for each lamb. On top of that there had to be a sin offering of a goat. All of this was in addition to the regular daily offerings.

 

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The Sabbath (Num 28:9-28:10)

“On the Sabbath day, there shall be two male lambs a year old without blemish, and two-tenths of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, and its drink offering.  This is the burnt offering for every Sabbath, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.”

Something more is done on the Sabbath, another sacrifice of 2 lambs in addition to the regular offerings. However, this sacrifice is not mentioned any other place in the Torah.

The daily sacrifices (Num 28:1-28:8)

“Yahweh spoke to Moses. ‘Command the Israelites and say to them. ‘My offering, the food for my offerings by fire, my pleasing odor, you shall take care to offer to me at its appointed time.’ You shall say to them. ‘This is the offering by fire that you shall offer to Yahweh, two male lambs a year old without blemish, daily, as a regular offering. One lamb you shall offer in the morning. The other lamb you shall offer at twilight. They will be offered with one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten oil. It is a regular burnt offering, ordained at Mount Sinai for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to Yahweh. Its drink offering shall be one-fourth of a hin for each lamb. In the sanctuary you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to Yahweh. The other lamb you shall offer at twilight with a grain offering like the one in the morning. You shall offer it as an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to Yahweh.”

Once again we go back to Exodus, chapter 46, and Leviticus, chapter 23, about how to worship Yahweh. There should be 2 male lambs a year old, without blemish, daily as a regular offering, one in the morning and the other at twilight. You also have to have 1/10th of a bushel of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with a ¼ of a hin of oil. A hin is about 1 ½ gallons. This had to produce a pleasing odor from the fire. The drink offering ought to be ¼ of a hin for each lamb. The drink offering is a ‘strong drink,’ without being specific.

Joshua, the head of the community (Num 27:12-27:23)

“Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Go up this mountain of the Abarim range. See the land that I have given to the Israelites. When you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your people, as your brother Aaron was, because you rebelled against my word in the wilderness of Zin when the congregation quarreled with me. You did not show my holiness before their eyes at the waters.’  These were the waters of Meribah-Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin. Moses spoke to Yahweh. ‘Let Yahweh, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint someone over the congregation who shall go before them and come in before them. Let the congregation of Yahweh be not be like sheep without a shepherd.’ So Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Take Joshua son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit. Lay your hand upon him. Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole congregation. Commission him in their sight. You shall give him some of your authority, so that all the congregation of the Israelites may obey. But he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the decision of the Urim before Yahweh. At his word they shall go out. At his word they shall come in, both he and all the Israelites with him, the whole congregation.’ So Moses did as Yahweh commanded him. He took Joshua and had him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole congregation. He laid his hands on him, and commissioned him, just as Yahweh had directed through Moses.”

Yahweh told Moses to go up to the mountain of Abarim. He could see the Promised Land. Then he would be gathered to his people like Aaron and die. He had rebelled against Yahweh at the waters of Meribah of Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin. Moses wanted Yahweh to appoint another leader so that the sheep would not be without a shepherd. Yahweh told Moses to take Joshua son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit. He laid his hand on him. Then he brought Joshua before Eleazar the priest and the whole congregation. He then commissioned him in their sight. Everyone was to obey Joshua. So now we have a new leader. With the laying on hands, the power passed from Moses to Joshua just as Yahweh had commanded Moses.

Female inheritance (Num 27:1-27:11)

“Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward.   Zelophehad was the son of Hepher, son of Gilead, son of Machir, son of Manasseh, the son of Joseph. The names of his daughters were: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. They stood before Moses, Eleazar the priest, the leaders and the whole congregation, at the entrance of the tent of meeting, saying, ‘Our father died in the wilderness. He was not among the company of those who gathered themselves together against Yahweh in the company of Korah, but died for his own sin. He had no sons. Why should the name of our father be taken away from his clan because he had no son? Give to us a possession among our father’s brothers.’”

Here we have the case of the daughters of Zelophehad the son of Hepher, son of Gilead, son of Machir, son of Manasseh, from the son of Joseph. These are the five daughters mentioned above, Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. They went to Moses, Eleazar the priest, and the leaders of the congregation, to say that their father died in the wilderness. Although he was not among the company that gathered against Yahweh with Korah, he died for his own sins. However, he had no sons. They wanted a possession among their father’s brothers.

“Moses brought their case before Yahweh. Yahweh spoke to Moses. ‘The daughters of Zelophehad are right in what they are saying. You shall indeed let them possess an inheritance among their father’s brothers and pass the inheritance of their father on to them. You shall say to the Israelites, `If a man dies, and has no son, then you shall pass his inheritance on to his daughter. If he has no daughter, then you shall give his inheritance to his brothers. If he has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his father’s brothers.   If his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to the nearest kinsman of his clan, and he shall possess it. It shall be for the Israelites a statute and ordinance, as Yahweh commanded Moses.’”

Moses then brought their case before Yahweh and Yahweh responded. Yes, the daughters of Zelophehad are right. They should possess the inheritance of their father. Then there were a set of rules to follow. If a man dies, and has no son, then his inheritance goes to his daughter or daughters. If he has no daughter, then his inheritance goes to his brothers. If he has no brothers, then it goes to his father’s brothers. And if his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to the nearest kinsman of his clan. The lines of inheritance are clearly drawn. Only the daughters as females have rights, while the wife does not. Beyond the daughters it goes to other males in the clan.

 

Census of the Levites (Num 26:57-26:65)

“This is the enrollment of the Levites by their clans: Gershon, the clan of the Gershonites; Kohath, the clan of the Kohathites; Merari, the clan of the Merarites. These are the clans of Levi: the clan of the Libnites, the clan of the Hebronites, the clan of the Mahlites, the clan of the Mushites, the clan of the Korahites. Kohath was the father of Amram. The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt. She bore to Amram Aaron, Moses, and their sister Miriam.  To Aaron were born Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. But Nadab and Abihu died when they offered unholy fire before Yahweh. The number of those enrolled was twenty-three thousand, every male from a month old and upward. They were not enrolled among the Israelites because there was no allotment given to them among Israelites.”

The Levites had a special clan census as in chapter 3. However, this time they did not break the numbers down by clans, not is there any explicit mention of the Shimeites, the Amramites, the Izharites, and the Uzzielites.

1)      The two clans of Gershon, the clan of the Gershonites;

  1. the Libnites;
  2. the Shimeites;

2)      The four clans of Kohath, the clan of the Kohathites;

  1. Amram married Jochebed, daughter of Levi

i.      Aaron

  1. Nadab, died in unholy fire
  2. Abihu, died in unholy fire
  3. Eleazar, followed Aaron as chief priest
  4. Ithamar

ii.      Moses

iii.      Miriam

  1. the Izharites;
  2. the Hebronites;
  3. the Uzzielites.

3)      The two clans of Merari, the clan of the Merarites:

  1. the Mahlites;
  2. the Mushites.

There were 23,000 Levite males from a month old. They did not get any allotment like the rest of the Israelites. In chapter 3, there were 22,000 so that there was an increase of 1,000.

“These were those enrolled by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who enrolled the Israelites in the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho.   Among these there was not one of those enrolled by Moses and Aaron the priest, who had enrolled the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai. Yahweh had said of them, ‘They shall die in the wilderness.’ Not one of them was left, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.”

Those enrolled here by Moses and Eleazar were not the same as those enrolled by Moses and Aaron in the wilderness of Sinai. Yahweh had said that they would die in the wilderness. Not one of them was left, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun. The number was nearly the same but the people were different. It is hard to imagine that none of the Sinai Levites made it to Moab.

Another census (Num 26:1-26:56)

“After the plague, Yahweh said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron, the priest, ‘Take a census of the whole congregation of the Israelites, from twenty years old and upward, by their ancestral houses, everyone in Israel able to go forth to war.’ Moses and Eleazar the priest spoke with them in the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho. ‘Take a census of the people, from twenty years old and upward,’ as Yahweh commanded Moses.”

After all these deaths, why not take another census. After all, the name of the book is Numbers. I will compare this census with the one taken in chapter 1 to indicate the differences. At the 1st census each tribe had 1 person to help take the census, but that is not the case here. After the plague, Yahweh told Moses and Eleazar son of Aaron, to take a census of everyone over 20 years old, able to go to war. Notice that now that Aaron is dead, Eleazar his son speaks with God. This is the first time anyone other than Aaron or Moses is mentioned. They took the census of all the men over 20 who would be able to fight, in the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho. Men are not explicitly mentioned but able to fight seems to imply men.

“The Israelites, who came forth out of the land of Egypt, were:

Reuben was the first-born of Israel. The descendents of Reuben were: Hanoch, the clan of the Hanochites; Pallu, the clan of the Palluites; Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; Carmi, the clan of the Carmites. These are the clans of the Reubenites. The number of those enrolled was forty-three thousand seven hundred and thirty.  The descendant of Pallu was Eliab. The descendants of Eliab were: Nemuel, Dathan, and Abiram. These are the same Dathan and Abiram, chosen from the congregation, who rebelled against Moses and Aaron in the company of Korah, when they rebelled against Yahweh. The earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, when the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men. They became a warning. Notwithstanding, the descendants of Korah did not die.”

1)                  Reuben was the first-born of Israel. His 4 descendants are the same as those mentioned in Genesis, chapter 46 and Exodus, chapter 6.

  1. Hanoch, the clan of the Hanochites;

There was another Hanoch in Genesis, chapter 25, who was the grandson of Abraham, by way of Keturah. He was the son of Median, not through the line of Isaac, although they had the same father. Sometimes the Hanochites refers to this Median group. However, this Hanoch is the grandson of Israel through Reuben, or the great-great grandson of Abraham via Isaac and Jacob.

2. Pallu, the clan of the Palluites;

Eliab son of Pallu and his descendants were

i. Nemuel, Simeon also had a son named Nemuel.

ii. Dathan,

iii. Abiram.

There is the reminder of the disobedience of Dathan and Abiram. Dathan and Abiram along with         Korah, the Levite, led the revolution against Moses and Aaron in chapter 16. They were part of the 250 who died. The complete families of Dathan and Abiram were swallowed up by the earth, along with the Levite Korah, but Korah’s descendants lived. Perhaps part of this dispute may have been about the role of Levites.

3. Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; There also was a son of Judah name Hezron, the son of Perez;

4. Carmi, the clan of the Carmites.

    This time their number was 43,730 as opposed to the original 46,500.

“The descendants of Simeon by their clans were: Nemuel, the clan of the Nemuelites; Jamin, the clan of the Jaminites; Jachin, the clan of the Jachinites; Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites; Shaul, the clan of the Shaulites. These are the clans of the Simeonites, twenty-two thousand two hundred.”

2)                  There are only 5 descendants of Simeon mentioned. There were 6 mentioned in Genesis, chapter 46, and Exodus, chapter 6. Ohad was listed as the 3rd son of Simeon in both those works, but there is no mention of him here. Nemuel was called Jemuel in the earlier works. Zerah was called Zohar. There are other instances of Zerah, especially as the son of Judah. Jamin, Jachin, and Shaul all have the same spelling as in the earlier works.

  1. Nemuel, the clan of the Nemuelites;
  2. Jamin, the clan of the Jaminites;
  3. Jachin, the clan of the Jachinites;
  4. Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites;
  5. Shaul, the clan of the Shaulites.

This time their number was 22, 200 down from 59,300, quite a big drop of over 37,000 individuals since this group was hit very hard and suffered the largest lost of population.

“The children of Gad by their clans were: Zephon, the clan of the Zephonites; Haggi, the clan of the Haggites; Shuni, the clan of the Shunites; Ozni, the clan of the Oznites; Eri, the clan of the Erites; Arod, the clan of the Arodites; Areli, the clan of the Arelites. These are the clans of the Gadites. The number of those enrolled was forty thousand five hundred.”

3) The 7 sons of Gad have 5 with the exact same spelling as in Genesis, chapter 46, Haggi, Shuni, Eri, Arod, and Areli. The name Zephon is usually associated as the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, Jacob’s brother. There is some indication that this might have been the name of a Canaanite god or angel, but in Genesis, chapter 46, he is called Ziphion. Ozni was called Ezbon in Genesis. Otherwise there is no mention of these people outside of these 2 passages.

1.  Zephon, the clan of the Zephonites;

2. Haggi, the clan of the Haggites;

3. Shuni, the clan of the Shunites;

4. Ozni, the clan of the Oznites;

5. Eri, the clan of the Erites;

6. Arod, the clan of the Arodites;

7. Areli, the clan of the Arelites.

The descendants of Gad were 40,500, reduced about 5,000 from 45,650 in the first census.

“The sons of Judah were Er and Onan. Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The descendants of Judah by their clans were: Shelah, the clan of the Shelanites; Perez, the clan of the Perezites; Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites. The descendants of Perez were: Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; Hamul, the clan of the Hamulites. These are the clans of Judah. The number of those enrolled was seventy-six thousand five hundred.”

4) There was no confusion about the 5 descendants of Judah, either in the name or spelling. 2 died before the Exodus. The name Shelah was also associated with the genealogy of the patriarchs in Genesis, chapter 11, where he is the son of Arpachshad and father of Eber:

1. Er, who died in Canaan;

2. Onan, who also died in the land of Canaan;

3. Shelah, the clan of the Shelanites;

4. Perez, the clan of the Perezites;

1)  Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites;

2) Hamul, the clan of the Hamulites

.                  5. Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites.

These are the clans of Judah, 66,500, down by about 8,000 from 74,600.

“The descendants of Issachar according to their clans were: Tola, the clan of the Tolaites; Puvah, the clan of the Punites; Jashub, the clan of the Jashubites; Shimron, the clan of the Shimronites. These are the clans of Issachar: sixty-four thousand three hundred enrolled.”

5) There was no confusion about the four descendants of Issachar since their names and spellings are exactly the same:

1. Tola, the clan of the Tolaites;

2. Puvah, the clan of the Punites;

3. Jashub, the clan of the Jashubites;

4. Shimron, the clan of the Shimronites.

The clans of Issachar actually increased in size by nearly 10,000 from 54,400 to 64,300. It is not clear why this tribe increased.

“The descendants of Zebulun, by their clans were: Sered, the clan of the Seredites; Elon, the clan of the Elonites; Jahleel, the clan of the Jahleelites. These are the clans of the Zebulunites. The number of those enrolled was sixty thousand five hundred.”

6) The 3 descendants of Zebulun all have the same name and spelling as in Genesis. Esau married the daughter of a Hittite man named Elon. Otherwise there is no mention of these three guys anywhere else.

  1. Sered, the clan of the Seredites;
  2. Elon, the clan of the Elonites;
  3. Jahleel, the clan of the Jahleelites.

These clans increased by 3,000 from 57,400 to 60,500.

“The sons of Joseph by their clans were: Manasseh and Ephraim. The son of Manasseh was Machir, the clan of the Machirites. Machir was the father of Gilead, the clan of the Gileadites. These are the descendants of Gilead: Iezer, the clan of the Iezerites; Helek, the clan of the Helekites; Asriel, the clan of the Asrielites; Shechem, the clan of the Shechemites; Shemida, the clan of the Shemidaites; Hepher, the clan of the Hepherites. Now Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters. The names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. These are the families of Manasseh. The number of those enrolled was fifty-two thousand seven hundred.”

7) The 2 descendants of Joseph included Manasseh, the 1st son who was not favored over Ephraim. Apparently he had only 1 son, Machir, so that his grandson Gilead is listed with more descendants. Gilead is both a mountain and an area east of the Jordan. This is a name that appears quite often. The Gilead clan must have been important because all his children are specifically mentioned. Shechem is both a place in Canaan, and another person named Shechem that was a Hivite prince in Genesis, chapter 34. Hepher is interesting because his only son Zelophehad had 5 daughters and no sons so that there is a list of these 5 women, one of the few to appear in the genealogies. They seem to play a bigger role as the daughters of Zelophehad.   One of the daughters is named Noah, the same as one of the central figures in Genesis, chapters 6-9. Milcah was also the name of the wife of Nahor, the brother of Abraham, and the daughter of Haran and the sister of Lot. She had eight children with Nahor. There was a place called Tirzah.

Machir, the clan of the Machirites

Gilead, the clan of the Gileadites.

1. Iezer, the clan of the Iezerites

2. Helek, the clan of the Helekites;

3. Asriel, the clan of the Asrielites;

4. Shechem, the clan of the Shechemites;

5. Shemida, the clan of the Shemidaites;

6. Hepher, the clan of the Hepherites.

Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but 5 daughters:

1. Mahlah,

2. Noah,

3. Hoglah,

4. Milcah,

5. Tirzah.

The clans of Manasseh increased by 12,000, and went from 40,500 to 52,700. There is no reason for the increase in this tribe.

“These are the descendants of Ephraim according to their clans: Shuthelah, the clan of the Shuthelahites; Becher, the clan of the Becherites; Tahan, the clan of the Tahanites.  These are the descendants of Shuthelah: Eran, the clan of the Eranites. These are the clans of the Ephraimites. The number of those enrolled was thirty-two thousand five hundred. These are the descendants of Joseph by their clans.”

8)  The second son of Joseph was the favorite Ephraim, who had 3 sons. One of the descendants of Benjamin had the same name, Becher, in Genesis, chapter 46. Otherwise there is nothing much about these names, except that Eran is the only third generation mentioned, unlike with Manasseh:

  1. Shuthelah, the clan of the Shuthelahites;

i.      Eran, the clan of the Eranites;

2. Becher, the clan of the Becherites;

3. Tahan, the clan of the Tahanites.

The clans of Ephraim was almost the same as the first census, but decreased about 300 people, 32,500 from 32,200.

“The descendants of Benjamin by their clans were: Bela, the clan of the Belaites; Ashbel, the clan of the Ashbelites; Ahiram, the clan of the Ahiramites; Shephupham, the clan of the Shuphamites; Hupham, the clan of the Huphamites.  The descendants of Bela were Ard and Naaman: Ard, the clan of the Ardites; Naaman, the clan of the Naamites. These are the descendants of Benjamin by their clans. The number of those enrolled was forty-five thousand six hundred.

9)                 There is substantial difference between the list of the descendants of Benjamin in Genesis and here. Here there are only 5 descendants, while in Genesis, there were 10 descendants. Only 2 are the same Bela and Ashbel. Bela was another name for the place called Zoar in Genesis. In fact, today there are many places throughout the world named Bela. There will be other people named Bela in other biblical tales. Those missing from this list are Becher, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. Becher is listed as a son of Ephraim, so that may be why he is not here. In later books of the Bible, Gera is listed as a son of Benjamin, but not here. Naaman and Ard are listed as the descendants of Bela, not of Benjamin as in Genesis. The mention of Ehi and Muppim in Genesis are the only mentions of these two in the biblical works. Rosh is some sort of kingdom in later works. It is possible that Hupham is just another way of saying Huppim, since they are both listed only once here in Numbers and Genesis. Both Ahiram and Shephupham are only listed here and in no other works.

  1. Bela, the clan of the Belaites;

i.      Ard, the clan of the Ardites;

ii.      Naaman, the clan of the Naamites.

2. Ashbel, the clan of the Ashbelites;

3. Ahiram, the clan of the Ahiramites;

4. Shephupham, the clan of the Shuphamites;

5. Hupham, the clan of the Huphamites.

These are the clans of Benjamin that increased by 10,000, 45,600 from 35,400. Once again, this tribe increased.

“These are the descendants of Dan according by their clans: Shuham, the clan of the Shuhamites. These are the clans of Dan by their clans. All the clans of the Shuhamites were sixty-four thousand four hundred enrolled.”

10)          Dan had only 1 son, but he has 2 different names between here and Genesis, where he is called Hushim not Shuham. Since the names do not appear elsewhere, we may assume that they are different spellings of the same name. There is no mention of his children. Actually this was a very large clan.

  1. Shuham, the clan of the Shuhamites.

The Shuhamites increased by only 1,700, 64,400 from 62,700.

“The descendants of Asher by their clan are: Imnah, the clan of the Imnites; Ishvi, the clan of the Ishvites; Beriah, the clan of the Beriites. The descendants of Beriah are: Heber, the clan of the Heberites; Malchiel, the clan of the Malchielites. The name of the daughter of Asher was Serah. These are the clans of the Asherites. The number of those enrolled was fifty-three thousand four hundred.”

11)          The descendants of Asher seem to have lost one son, Ishvah, who was in Genesis and later in Chronicles, but is not here in Numbers. The other three descendants and daughter are exactly the same. Somehow Beriah is more important since they mention his two descendants, Heber and Malchiel. Heber is mentioned again in the later works as well as a Heber who is a Kenite. Once again, Serah is mentioned as a daughter, but there is no group name for her descendants, no Serahites.

  1. Imnah, the clan of the Imnites;
  2. Ishvi, the clan of the Ishvites;
  3. Beriah, the clan of the Beriites.

i.      Heber, the clan of the Heberites;

ii.      Malchiel, the clan of the Malchielites.

4. Serah, the daughter of Asher;

The clans of the descendants of Asher increased by 12,000, 53,400 from 41,500, with no reason given.

“The descendants of Naphtali by their clan were: Jahzeel, the clan of the Jahzeelites; Guni, the clan of the Gunites; Jezer, the clan of the Jezerites; Shillem, the clan of the Shillemites. These are the clans of Naphtalites by their clans. The number of those enrolled was forty-five thousand four hundred.”

12)         The four descendants of Naphtali are exactly the same as in Genesis.

  1. Jahzeel, the clan of the Jahzeelites;
  2. Guni, the clan of the Gunites;
  3. Jezer, the clan of the Jezerites;
  4. Shillem, the clan of the Shillemites.

The families of Naphtali decreased 9,000, from 53,400 to 45,400.

“This was the number of the Israelites enrolled: six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty.”

The number of Israelite people “enrolled” decreased from the first census to this census by merely 1,470, from 601,730 to 603,500. “

“Yahweh spoke to Moses. ‘To these the land shall be apportioned for inheritance according to the number of names. To a large tribe you shall give a large inheritance. To a small tribe you shall give a small inheritance. Every tribe shall be given its inheritance according to its enrollment. But the land shall be apportioned by lot. According to the names of their ancestral tribes they shall inherit. Their inheritance shall be apportioned according to lot between the larger and the smaller.”

Yahweh told Moses that the large tribes should get a larger inheritance, than the smaller tribes. This shall be done by lot or chance, but the large would be in one category and the small ones in another category. Thus the census served a purpose as they prepared to enter the Promise Land.