uniquely indicated that Jesus said that he must work (ἡμᾶς δεῖ ἐργάζεσθαι) the
works (τὰ ἔργα) of him who sent him (τοῦ πέμψαντός με), the Father, while it was
still daylight (ἕως ἡμέρα ἐστίν). Night was
coming (ἔρχεται νὺξ) when no one would be able to work (ὅτε οὐδεὶς δύναται
ἐργάζεσθαι). This might be a reference
to the night of Jesus’ death, when no more work could be done. Thus, there was an urgency to get things done
in the daylight before evening and night came when nothing could be done. This also was like the symbolic movement of
this blind person from the darkness of blindness to the daytime light of
sight. Now the blindman would be able to
work in the daylight of sight, while he could not do anything in the darkness
of blindness. We could move from spiritual
darkness to spiritual light, from unbelief to belief. Did you ever try to work in the dark?
uniquely indicated that Jesus (Ἰησοῦς) answered (ἀπεκρίθη) his disciples. He said that neither this man (Οὔτε οὗτος)
nor his parents (οὔτε οἱ γονεῖς αὐτοῦ) had sinned (ἥμαρτεν). He was born blind, so that God’s works (τὰ
ἔργα τοῦ Θεοῦ) might be revealed, shown, or displayed (ἀλλ’ ἵνα φανερωθῇ) in
him (ἐν αὐτῷ). Jesus seemed to brush
aside the idea that there was a connection between sin and illness. He said that neither this blind man nor his
parents had sinned. This man was blind,
so that God’s work would be shown or revealed to him and others. Do you try to find out what caused a person
to get sick?
uniquely indicated that the disciples of Jesus (οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ) addressed
Jesus as Rabbi (Ῥαββεί). They asked
Jesus (καὶ ἠρώτησαν αὐτὸν) who had sinned (τίς ἥμαρτεν)? Was it this man (οὗτος) or his parents (ἢ οἱ
γονεῖς αὐτοῦ) that made him born blind (ἵνα τυφλὸς γεννηθῇ)? These disciples were expressing the common
belief that illness, sickness, and disability came from a sinful act. We sometimes do that today when we talk about
sexual diseases that come from sinful acts.
Sickness was a direct consequence of sin. Who had sinned here, his parents or this
man? It had to be his parents, since he
was born blind. Could he sin while he
was in the womb? His disciples called
Jesus “rabbi.” This was a developing
term in the first century CE among the Jewish leaders since this term was never
used in the Hebrew Scriptures.
Generally, it meant a great one or teacher, as a sign of respect. Do you assign blame when someone gets sick?
Jesus leave the Jerusalem Temple and begin walking. Although there are many healings in Mark,
Matthew, and Luke, this appears to be a unique healing here in John.
As Jesus walked or passed along (Καὶ
παράγων), he saw a man (εἶδεν ἄνθρωπον) who was blind (τυφλὸν) from his birth (ἐκ
γενετῆς). It is not clear how he knew
that this man was blind his whole life.
He clearly was a blind man near a path or road, where Jesus was walking,
perhaps still in Jerusalem. Do you know
a blind person?
uniquely indicated that after Jesus made this assertion that he was God, the
Jewish leaders picked up stones (ἦραν οὖν λίθους) to throw at Jesus (ἵνα
βάλωσιν ἐπ’ αὐτόν). However, Jesus (Ἰησοῦς)
hid himself (δὲ ἐκρύβη). He went out (καὶ
ἐξῆλθεν) of the Temple (ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ).
This statement by Jesus that he was eternal like Yahweh really upset the
Jewish people. They were going to stone
him. However, Jesus escaped, as he often
did in the synoptics also. Have you ever
uniquely indicated that Jesus responded to them (εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς) with a
solemn pronouncement (Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν) that he
existed before Abraham (πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι), using the divine phrase “I am (ἐγὼ
εἰμί).” This was a clear assertion of
the divinity of Jesus. He had existed
before Abraham came into being because he was eternal and always was, is, and
will be. He used the famous phrase from the
meeting of Yahweh and Moses at the burning bush from Exodus, chapter
3:14. Yahweh said that “I am (ἐγὼ εἰμί).” With this statement, Jesus was claiming to be
Yahweh, God. Jesus was not ambiguous. He is God, case closed. Do you accept Jesus as God?
uniquely indicated that the Jewish leaders (οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι) were skeptical of Jesus. They said to Jesus (εἶπαν οὖν οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι
πρὸς αὐτόν) that he was not yet 50 years old (Πεντήκοντα ἔτη οὔπω ἔχεις) and
yet he had seen Abraham (καὶ Ἀβραὰμ ἑώρακας).
These Jewish leaders considered that Jesus was too young to have seen
Abraham. He was not yet 50, probably in
his early 30s. How would he have come in
contact with Abraham? Do people doubt you
because of your young age?