“But those who
Of the water
That I will give
That I will give
spring of water
ὃς δ’ ἂν πίῃ
ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος οὗ ἐγὼ δώσω
αὐτῷ, οὐ μὴ διψήσει εἰς
τὸν αἰῶνα, ἀλλὰ τὸ ὕδωρ ὃ δώσω αὐτῷ γενήσεται ἐν αὐτῷ πηγὴ
ὕδατος ἁλλομένου εἰς ζωὴν αἰώνιον.
uniquely indicated that Jesus responded with a very difficult theological
statement about living water, eternal life, and never being thirsty again. Jesus said that those who drank (ὃς δ’ ἂν πίῃ)
from the water (ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος) that he was giving them (οὗ ἐγὼ δώσω αὐτῷ) would
never thirst again (οὐ μὴ διψήσει) in this time or age (εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα). However, the water that he was giving them (ἀλλὰ
τὸ ὕδωρ ὃ δώσω αὐτῷ) would become in them (γενήσεται ἐν αὐτῷ) a spring of
gushing water (πηγὴ ὕδατος ἁλλομένου) leading to abundant eternal life (εἰς
ζωὴν αἰώνιον). Jesus said that he was
not talking about the water at hand, but the bubbly springs of eternal life. This would have been difficult for this
Samaritan woman to understand. Do you
understand the idea of living waters and eternal life?
ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῇ Πᾶς ὁ πίνων ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος τούτου διψήσει πάλιν·
uniquely indicated that Jesus responded (ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς). He told this Samaritan woman (καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῇ)
that all the people who drank (Πᾶς ὁ πίνων) from this well water (ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος
τούτου) would still be thirsty again (διψήσει πάλιν). This might have been a very nice well, but
people would still be thirsty after drinking from this Jacob’s well. Continuous thirst was different than the
eternal living waters that Jesus proposed. Are you thirsty a lot?
Than our ancestor
He gave us
And his livestock,
μὴ σὺ μείζων εἶ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν Ἰακώβ, ὃς ἔδωκεν ἡμῖν τὸ φρέαρ, καὶ αὐτὸς ἐξ αὐτοῦ ἔπιεν καὶ οἱ υἱοὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ τὰ θρέμματα αὐτοῦ;
uniquely indicated that the Samaritan woman asked Jesus whether he was greater
than their ancestor father Jacob (μὴ σὺ μείζων εἶ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν Ἰακώβ)? Jacob had given them this well (ὃς ἔδωκεν
ἡμῖν τὸ φρέαρ). He, his sons (καὶ οἱ
υἱοὶ αὐτοῦ), and his livestock (καὶ τὰ θρέμματα αὐτοῦ) have drunk from this
well (καὶ αὐτὸς ἐξ αὐτοῦ ἔπιεν). Thus, this
well would have been over 1,500 years old, since it came from the time of
Jacob, their great ancestor, the father of the 12 tribes and all Israel. There was no specific mention of this well in
Genesis, other than Genesis, chapter 48:22, where Jacob gave this
land to Joseph and his sons, without any mention of a well. Do you have an old artifact in your town?
Said to Jesus.
This well is
Where do you
[ἡ γυνή] Κύριε, οὔτε ἄντλημα ἔχεις καὶ τὸ φρέαρ ἐστὶν βαθύ· πόθεν οὖν ἔχεις τὸ
ὕδωρ τὸ ζῶν;
uniquely indicated that this Samaritan woman responded to Jesus (λέγει αὐτῷ [ἡ
γυνή]). She called him Lord (Κύριε). This woman reminded him that he was not well
prepared to drink from this well, because he had nothing to get water from the
well (οὔτε ἄντλημα ἔχεις), like a bucket.
She reminded Jesus that this well was deep (καὶ τὸ φρέαρ ἐστὶν βαθύ). Besides, where was he going to get or where
did he have (πόθεν οὖν ἔχεις) this living water (τὸ ὕδωρ τὸ ζῶν)? Like
Nicodemus in the preceding chapter, she took Jesus literally and misunderstood about
this living water. Do you often misunderstand
‘If you knew
the gift of
Who it is
saying to you.
‘Give me a
have asked him.
ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῇ
Εἰ ᾔδεις τὴν δωρεὰν τοῦ Θεοῦ, καὶ
τίς ἐστιν ὁ λέγων σοι Δός μοι πεῖν, σὺ ἂν ᾔτησας αὐτὸν καὶ ἔδωκεν ἄν σοι ὕδωρ ζῶν.
uniquely indicated that Jesus answered (ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς) this Samaritan woman. He said to her (καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῇ) that she did know
who he was. If she knew (Εἰ ᾔδεις) the
gift of God, (τὴν δωρεὰν τοῦ Θεοῦ),
himself, who had spoken to her (καὶ τίς ἐστιν ὁ λέγων σοι) about the drink of
water (Δός μοι πεῖν), there would have been a different response. She would have asked him (σὺ ἂν ᾔτησας) to
give her (καὶ ἔδωκεν ἄν σοι) living water (ὕδωρ ζῶν). Water was and is the source of life. Humans would die without something to
drink. There are many metaphors around
this concept of water. Living flowing moving
water is a positive force, yet roaring water can be destructive also. This living water was like wisdom that we
never get too much of. Prophetic texts
often spoke about the Spirit coming through flowing water. Here, Jesus was talking about a spiritual water
that later became known as Christian baptism.
Yet there was a little sense of arrogance here since this woman did not
recognize Jesus. Would you recognize Jesus
if you met him?
Said to Jesus.
‘How is it that
Ask a drink
A woman of
Jews do not
λέγει οὖν αὐτῷ ἡ γυνὴ ἡ Σαμαρεῖτις Πῶς σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὢν
παρ’ ἐμοῦ πεῖν αἰτεῖς γυναικὸς Σαμαρείτιδος οὔσης; οὐ γὰρ συνχρῶνται Ἰουδαῖοι
indicated that this unnamed Samaritan woman (ἡ γυνὴ ἡ Σαμαρεῖτις) asked Jesus (λέγει
οὖν αὐτῷ) why was he, a Jew (Πῶς σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὢν), asking for a drink (πεῖν
αἰτεῖς) from her (παρ’ ἐμοῦ), a Samaritan woman (γυναικὸς Σαμαρείτιδος οὔσης). Normally the Jews (Ἰουδαῖοι) did not share
things (οὐ γὰρ συνχρῶνται) with Samaritans (Σαμαρείταις). Jesus seemed to have overstepped Jewish
tradition by conversing with a woman in public and sharing a drink with her,
since Rabbis did not speak with women in public. This Samaritan and the Jewish dispute had
lasted for almost 1,000 years before this time.
After the death of King Solomon, the Jews of the north formed the
Kingdom of Israel under King Jeroboam, while the Jews of the south formed the
Kingdom of Judah under King Rehoboam.
This dislike for each other intensified with the Assyrian captivity in
the eighth century BCE, when the remaining northern Jews integrated with the
captors by marrying them and picking up some of their practices. Thus, the Jews of southern Judea disliked and
scorned the northern Samaritans. Do you
have a group of people that you do not like?
Had gone away
To the city
To buy food.”
μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ ἀπεληλύθεισαν εἰς τὴν πόλιν, ἵνα τροφὰς ἀγοράσωσιν.
said that Jesus’ disciples (οἱ γὰρ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ) had gone away (ἀπεληλύθεισαν)
into the town or city (εἰς τὴν πόλιν) in order to buy (ἵνα…ἀγοράσωσιν) some
food (τροφὰς). Thus, Jesus was alone
with this Samaritan woman. This also indicated
that these disciples had some money to buy food. Have you ever been alone by yourself?