Thank you! – 56

After a little less than two months, I have finished reading and commenting on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians.  I have now finished the New Testament four canonical gospels, plus the Acts of the Apostles, and Paul’s letters to the Romans, as well 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians, and Galatians.  Every time I finish commenting on a book of the Bible, I send a thank you blog.  I usually post five blogs a day covering a verse of the biblical books.  So far, I have posted over 13,770 blogs about the individual paragraphs of all the 46 books of the Old Testament, plus the individual verses of the first nine books of the New Testament.  It has taken me over seven years to get this done, since I first began in 2013.

Over 4,000 people have emailed me that they are following this project in some form or another.  246 people follow this blog every day.  Many people have visited this site.  The highest recent month was October, 2020 when 1,939 people visited this site.  There have been over 76,287 hits on this blog since its inception.  I just want to thank all of you.  Word Press sent me a compilation that showed that about 6,800 people from 84 countries visited this web site in 2015.

I realize that over 37,000 of you have left comments, but I have not responded to them.  Some of you might want to moderate my comments, which is fine with me.  If you want to contact me directly, my email is  

Some of you sent me more than ten emails about how you liked this website during the last two months.  They include:


Yuval Bloomberg


Pure Glory

Deep Believer

The Normalcy of Miracles Signs and Wonders 

Becoming His Tapestry

Operation X

Here is a list of the others who have sent email comments during the past two months:

Carl Robert Scholz

Art Sound Life



Don Merritt



Grub Travel 

Gods Abundant Life

Siva jyothi

Paul was proclaiming what he tried to destroy (Gal. 1:23)

“They only heard it said.

‘He who once persecuted us

Is now preaching the faith

He once tried to destroy.’”

μόνον δὲ ἀκούοντες ἦσαν ὅτι Ὁ διώκων ἡμᾶς ποτε νῦν εὐαγγελίζεται τὴν πίστιν ἥν ποτε ἐπόρθει,

Paul said, “They only heard it said (μόνον δὲ ἀκούοντες ἦσαν). ‘He who once persecuted us (ὅτι Ὁ διώκων ἡμᾶς ποτε) is now preaching (νῦν εὐαγγελίζεται) the faith (τὴν πίστιν) he once tried to destroy (ἥν ποτε ἐπόρθει).’”  Paul maintained that these Jewish Christian communities or churches knew nothing about him, except that he had persecuted the followers of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem.  They had heard that now he was preaching the very same gospel and belief that he had formerly persecuted and tried to destroy.  All the information about Paul among the Jewish Christians in Judea was hearsay.  They knew that he had tried to destroy those who believed in Christ.  Now, all of a sudden, he was preaching about faith in that every same Jesus Christ.  They were rightly confused about Paul.  Are you confused about Saul or Paul?

Paul’s thanksgiving (chapter 1)

Paul began with this cry to the blessed God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  God comforts us in all our afflictions, so that we can comfort others.  We share in Christ’s suffering as well as his comfort.  Paul was sharing in the sufferings and comforts of the Corinthians, just as they would share the same sufferings and comforts with Paul.

Paul’s plans for traveling (chapter 16)

Paul said that he was going to Macedonia.  He wanted to stay with them and spend some time with them, and not just pass by.  However, now he was busy in Ephesus, since a new opportunity for some effective work had just arisen.  He was going to send Timothy instead.  He wanted them to be kind to Timothy and Apollos.


For those who want to see past blog posts, you can use Search, but you have to be almost exact for it to work.  There are also Archives which are accurate, but you have to know the month and date.  Finally, there are the Categories, but only for the New Testament.

Here are the finish dates for all the books that I have commented on.  If you have any questions let me know.

Here is the list:

Num 4/5/2014
1 Sam7/3/2014
2 Sam7/26/2014
1 Kings9/6/2014
2 Kings10/18/2014
1 Chr12/10/2014
2 Chr1/24/2015
Jdt 3/31/2015
1 Macc5/30/2015
2 Macc6/28/2015
Song 3/21/2016
Jer 2/17/2017
Joel 10/30/2017
Luke 7/29/2019
1 Cor 

Paul was ready to go to Rome (Rom 1:15)


I am eager

To proclaim

The gospel

To you also,

Who are in Rome.”

οὕτως τὸ κατ’ ἐμὲ πρόθυμον καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς ἐν Ῥώμῃ εὐαγγελίσασθαι.

Paul said that he was ready or eager (οὕτως τὸ κατ’ ἐμὲ πρόθυμον) to proclaim the gospel (εὐαγγελίσασθαι) also to those who were in Rome (καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς ἐν Ῥώμῃ).  Paul was enthusiastic, ready and eager, to preach and proclaim the gospel of Jesus to those in Rome.  This almost sounds like he was going to get on the next ship and go to Rome with all this eagerness.  It would be about ten years before he went to Rome.  How eager are you to go to Rome?

The angel of the Lord spoke to Cornelius (Acts 10:4)

“Cornelius stared

At the angel

In terror.

He said.

‘What is it?


The angel answered.

‘Your prayers

And your almsgiving

Have ascended

As a memorial

Before God.’”

ὁ δὲ ἀτενίσας αὐτῷ καὶ ἔμφοβος γενόμενος εἶπεν Τί ἐστιν, Κύριε; εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ Αἱ προσευχαί σου καὶ αἱ ἐλεημοσύναι σου ἀνέβησαν εἰς μνημόσυνον ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Θεοῦ.

The author of Acts indicated that Cornelius stared or looked intently (ὁ δὲ ἀτενίσας) at the angel (αὐτῷ) in terror or becoming afraid (καὶ ἔμφοβος γενόμενος).  He asked (εἶπεν) the Lord (Κύριε) what it was (Τί ἐστιν).  The angel answered him (εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ) that his prayers (Αἱ προσευχαί σου) and his almsgiving (καὶ αἱ ἐλεημοσύναι σου) had ascended (ἀνέβησαν) as a memorial (εἰς μνημόσυνον) before God (ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Θεοῦ).  Cornelius was afraid, so that he stared at the angel.  Finally, he asked what this was all about.  The angel responded to him, telling him that his prayers and gift giving had caught the eye of God as a memorial.  The language sounded like a Jewish sacrifice, but this was definitely an uncircumcised God-fearing gentile man.  This angel was here to tell Cornelius that he had won favor with God by his actions.  Do you think that you have won favor with God?

Offer vinegar (Lk 23:36-23:36)

“The soldiers

Also mocked Jesus.

They came up to him.

They offering him

Sour wine.”

ἐνέπαιξαν δὲ αὐτῷ καὶ οἱ στρατιῶται προσερχόμενοι, ὄξος προσφέροντες αὐτῷ

Luke said that the soldiers (καὶ οἱ στρατιῶται) also mocked Jesus (ἐνέπαιξαν δὲ αὐτῷ).  They came near to Jesus (προσερχόμενοι,) and offered him some sour wine (ὄξος προσφέροντες αὐτῷ).  In John, chapter 19:28-29, Jesus said that he was thirsty, before they gave him this sour wine that was standing nearby.  Mark, chapter 15:36, said that someone ran to get a sponge (δραμὼν δέ τις).  He filled this sponge with sour wine or vinegar (καὶ γεμίσας σπόγγον ὄξους), a common Roman solder drink.  Then he put it on a stick or reed (περιθεὶς καλάμῳ) to give Jesus something to drink (ἐπότιζεν αὐτόν).  Matthew, chapter 27:48, said that soon one of the bystanders ran to get a sponge (καὶ εὐθέως δραμὼν εἷς ἐξ αὐτῶν καὶ λαβὼν σπόγγον).  He filled it with sour wine or vinegar (πλήσας τε ὄξους).  Then he put it on a stick or reed (καὶ περιθεὶς καλάμῳ) to give Jesus something to drink (ἐπότιζεν αὐτόν).  This sour wine or vinegar might have been a reference to Psalm 69:21, where the psalmist complained that they gave him vinegar to drink.  This common Roman soldier drink of sour wine or vinegar mixed with water might also have been an anesthetic to ease the pain.  Thus, this action might have been an act of compassion for Jesus hanging on the cross.  In all the synoptic gospels, people offered Jesus this sour wine (ὄξους).  Do you drink wine?

Just like Noah (Lk 17:26-17:26)

“Just as it was

In the days

Of Noah,

So too

It will be

In the days

Of the Son of Man.”


καὶ καθὼς ἐγένετο ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις Νῶε, οὕτως ἔσται καὶ ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου


Next Luke indicated that Jesus said that just as it was in the days of Noah (καὶ καθὼς ἐγένετο ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις Νῶε), so too it would be (οὕτως ἔσται) in the days (καὶ ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις) of the Son of Man (τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου).  There is something similar, almost word for word, in Matthew, chapter 24:37, but nothing about Noah in Mark, thus indicating a Q source.  Jesus said via Matthew that the days of Noah in Genesis, chapters 6-11, (ὥσπερ γὰρ αἱ ἡμέραι τοῦ Νῶε) were considered to be the days of sinfulness.  The Parousia or second coming of the Son of Man (οὕτως ἔσται ἡ παρουσία τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) would be similar to the end of the sinning days with the flood (ὡς γὰρ ἦσαν ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις ταῖς πρὸ τοῦ κατακλυσμοῦ).  Luke, unlike Matthew, did not use the word Parousia (ἡ παρουσία τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου), just the days of the Son of Man (ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου).  However, they both had the comparison with the time of Noah.  What influence does Noah have in your life?

He lived with prostitutes (Lk 15:30-15:30)

“But when this son

Of yours

Came back,

Who has devoured

Your property

With prostitutes,

You killed

The fatted calf

For him!”


ὅτε δὲ ὁ υἱός σου οὗτος ὁ καταφαγών σου τὸν βίον μετὰ πορνῶν ἦλθεν, ἔθυσας αὐτῷ τὸν σιτευτὸν μόσχον.


This long parable story about the 2 sons can only be found in Luke, not in any of the other gospel stories.  Luke indicated that Jesus said that this older son continued his complaint to his father.  He said that when his brother, his father’s son (ὅτε δὲ ὁ υἱός σου οὗτος), came back (ἦλθεν), after having devoured his property (ὁ καταφαγών σου τὸν βίον) with prostitutes (μετὰ πορνῶν), he went and killed or sacrificed the fatted calf for him (ἔθυσας αὐτῷ τὸν σιτευτὸν μόσχον).  Luke is the only biblical writer who used this term σιτευτόν, that means fattened calf, 3 times in this story.  This upset son pointed out to his father that his brother had squandered all his hard-earned property on prostitutes.  Yet he was rewarding him with a special meal celebration.  Does this seem fair to you?