What is our hope? (1 Thess. 2:19)

“What is our hope

Or joy

Or crown

Of boasting

Before our Lord Jesus

At his coming?

Is it not you?”

τίς γὰρ ἡμῶν ἐλπὶς ἢ χαρὰ ἢ στέφανος καυχήσεως— ἢ οὐχὶ καὶ ὑμεῖς— ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ ἐν τῇ αὐτοῦ παρουσίᾳ;

Paul said, “What is our hope (τίς γὰρ ἡμῶν ἐλπὶς) or joy (ἢ χαρὰ) or crown (ἢ στέφανος) of boasting (καυχήσεως) before (ἔμπροσθεν) our Lord (τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν) Jesus (Ἰησοῦ) at his coming (ἐν τῇ αὐτοῦ παρουσίᾳ)?  Is it not you (ἢ οὐχὶ καὶ ὑμεῖς)?”  Only the Pauline letters used this word καυχήσεως, that means a boasting, glorying, or exultation.  Paul then asked a series of rhetorical questions.  What is his hope?  What is his joy?  What is his crown?  Why should he boast?  Why is he waiting for the second coming of our Lord Jesus Christ?  Then he had the final question.  Was it not them, the Thessalonians?  Paul’s hope, joy, and crown of boasting before his Lord Jesus Christ was these Thessalonians.  They made his day.  If Paul wanted to boast it would be about the followers of Jesus Christ at Thessalonica.  Who will you boast about before Jesus Christ?

I shall remain with you (Phil. 1:25)

“I am convinced of this.

I know

That I shall remain

And continue

With all of you,

For your progress

And your joy

In the faith.”

καὶ τοῦτο πεποιθὼς οἶδα, ὅτι μενῶ καὶ παραμενῶ πᾶσιν ὑμῖν εἰς τὴν ὑμῶν προκοπὴν καὶ χαρὰν τῆς πίστεως,

Paul said, “I am convinced of this (καὶ τοῦτο πεποιθὼς).  I know (οἶδα) that I shall remain (ὅτι μενῶ) and continue (καὶ παραμενῶ) with all of you (πᾶσιν ὑμῖν), for your progress (εἰς τὴν ὑμῶν προκοπὴν) and your joy (καὶ χαρὰν) in the faith (τῆς πίστεως).”  Only the Pauline letters used this word παραμενῶ, that means to remain besides, near, or persevere in.  Paul was convinced that he would not die but would instead remain with the Philippians and continue to monitor their progress and joy in their faith in Jesus Christ.  Paul thought that he would be spared any harsh treatment from the Romans.  Thus, he would be able to continue to work with the emerging Christian community at Philippi.  Do you prefer to continue to work here on earth?

Put away your old person (Eph. 4:22)

“You were taught

To put away

Your former way of life,

Your old person,


By delusions

And lusts.”

ἀποθέσθαι ὑμᾶς κατὰ τὴν προτέραν ἀναστροφὴν τὸν παλαιὸν ἄνθρωπον τὸν φθειρόμενον κατὰ τὰς ἐπιθυμίας τῆς ἀπάτης,

Paul said, “You were taught to put away (ἀποθέσθαι) your former way of life (ὑμᾶς κατὰ τὴν προτέραν ἀναστροφὴν), your old person (τὸν παλαιὸν ἄνθρωπον), corrupted (τὸν φθειρόμενον) by delusions (κατὰ τὰς ἐπιθυμίας) and lusts (τῆς ἀπάτης).”  Only the Pauline letters used this word ἀναστροφὴν, that means behavior, conduct, or manner of life, and the word φθειρόμενον, that means to destroy, corrupt, spoil, or ruin.  Paul explained that the Ephesians had been taught to put away their former life style, their old self or person.  This former life had been corrupted or spoiled by many delusions and lusts.  Paul wanted all vestiges of the former corrupt gentile pagan lifestyle to be left behind and put away for good.  Have you put away your delusions and lusts?

Thank you! – 56

After a little less than two months, I have finished reading and commenting on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians.  I have now finished the New Testament four canonical gospels, plus the Acts of the Apostles, and Paul’s letters to the Romans, as well 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians, and Galatians.  Every time I finish commenting on a book of the Bible, I send a thank you blog.  I usually post five blogs a day covering a verse of the biblical books.  So far, I have posted over 13,770 blogs about the individual paragraphs of all the 46 books of the Old Testament, plus the individual verses of the first nine books of the New Testament.  It has taken me over seven years to get this done, since I first began in 2013.

Over 4,000 people have emailed me that they are following this project in some form or another.  246 people follow this blog every day.  Many people have visited this site.  The highest recent month was October, 2020 when 1,939 people visited this site.  There have been over 76,287 hits on this blog since its inception.  I just want to thank all of you.  Word Press sent me a compilation that showed that about 6,800 people from 84 countries visited this web site in 2015.

I realize that over 37,000 of you have left comments, but I have not responded to them.  Some of you might want to moderate my comments, which is fine with me.  If you want to contact me directly, my email is efinne1540@gmail.com.  

Some of you sent me more than ten emails about how you liked this website during the last two months.  They include:


Yuval Bloomberg


Pure Glory

Deep Believer

The Normalcy of Miracles Signs and Wonders 

Becoming His Tapestry

Operation X

Here is a list of the others who have sent email comments during the past two months:

Carl Robert Scholz

Art Sound Life



Don Merritt



Grub Travel 

Gods Abundant Life

Siva jyothi

Paul was proclaiming what he tried to destroy (Gal. 1:23)

“They only heard it said.

‘He who once persecuted us

Is now preaching the faith

He once tried to destroy.’”

μόνον δὲ ἀκούοντες ἦσαν ὅτι Ὁ διώκων ἡμᾶς ποτε νῦν εὐαγγελίζεται τὴν πίστιν ἥν ποτε ἐπόρθει,

Paul said, “They only heard it said (μόνον δὲ ἀκούοντες ἦσαν). ‘He who once persecuted us (ὅτι Ὁ διώκων ἡμᾶς ποτε) is now preaching (νῦν εὐαγγελίζεται) the faith (τὴν πίστιν) he once tried to destroy (ἥν ποτε ἐπόρθει).’”  Paul maintained that these Jewish Christian communities or churches knew nothing about him, except that he had persecuted the followers of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem.  They had heard that now he was preaching the very same gospel and belief that he had formerly persecuted and tried to destroy.  All the information about Paul among the Jewish Christians in Judea was hearsay.  They knew that he had tried to destroy those who believed in Christ.  Now, all of a sudden, he was preaching about faith in that every same Jesus Christ.  They were rightly confused about Paul.  Are you confused about Saul or Paul?

Paul’s thanksgiving (chapter 1)

Paul began with this cry to the blessed God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  God comforts us in all our afflictions, so that we can comfort others.  We share in Christ’s suffering as well as his comfort.  Paul was sharing in the sufferings and comforts of the Corinthians, just as they would share the same sufferings and comforts with Paul.

Paul’s plans for traveling (chapter 16)

Paul said that he was going to Macedonia.  He wanted to stay with them and spend some time with them, and not just pass by.  However, now he was busy in Ephesus, since a new opportunity for some effective work had just arisen.  He was going to send Timothy instead.  He wanted them to be kind to Timothy and Apollos.


For those who want to see past blog posts, you can use Search, but you have to be almost exact for it to work.  There are also Archives which are accurate, but you have to know the month and date.  Finally, there are the Categories, but only for the New Testament.

Here are the finish dates for all the books that I have commented on.  If you have any questions let me know.

Here is the list:

Num 4/5/2014
1 Sam7/3/2014
2 Sam7/26/2014
1 Kings9/6/2014
2 Kings10/18/2014
1 Chr12/10/2014
2 Chr1/24/2015
Jdt 3/31/2015
1 Macc5/30/2015
2 Macc6/28/2015
Song 3/21/2016
Jer 2/17/2017
Joel 10/30/2017
Luke 7/29/2019
1 Cor 

Paul was ready to go to Rome (Rom 1:15)


I am eager

To proclaim

The gospel

To you also,

Who are in Rome.”

οὕτως τὸ κατ’ ἐμὲ πρόθυμον καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς ἐν Ῥώμῃ εὐαγγελίσασθαι.

Paul said that he was ready or eager (οὕτως τὸ κατ’ ἐμὲ πρόθυμον) to proclaim the gospel (εὐαγγελίσασθαι) also to those who were in Rome (καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς ἐν Ῥώμῃ).  Paul was enthusiastic, ready and eager, to preach and proclaim the gospel of Jesus to those in Rome.  This almost sounds like he was going to get on the next ship and go to Rome with all this eagerness.  It would be about ten years before he went to Rome.  How eager are you to go to Rome?

The angel of the Lord spoke to Cornelius (Acts 10:4)

“Cornelius stared

At the angel

In terror.

He said.

‘What is it?


The angel answered.

‘Your prayers

And your almsgiving

Have ascended

As a memorial

Before God.’”

ὁ δὲ ἀτενίσας αὐτῷ καὶ ἔμφοβος γενόμενος εἶπεν Τί ἐστιν, Κύριε; εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ Αἱ προσευχαί σου καὶ αἱ ἐλεημοσύναι σου ἀνέβησαν εἰς μνημόσυνον ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Θεοῦ.

The author of Acts indicated that Cornelius stared or looked intently (ὁ δὲ ἀτενίσας) at the angel (αὐτῷ) in terror or becoming afraid (καὶ ἔμφοβος γενόμενος).  He asked (εἶπεν) the Lord (Κύριε) what it was (Τί ἐστιν).  The angel answered him (εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ) that his prayers (Αἱ προσευχαί σου) and his almsgiving (καὶ αἱ ἐλεημοσύναι σου) had ascended (ἀνέβησαν) as a memorial (εἰς μνημόσυνον) before God (ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ Θεοῦ).  Cornelius was afraid, so that he stared at the angel.  Finally, he asked what this was all about.  The angel responded to him, telling him that his prayers and gift giving had caught the eye of God as a memorial.  The language sounded like a Jewish sacrifice, but this was definitely an uncircumcised God-fearing gentile man.  This angel was here to tell Cornelius that he had won favor with God by his actions.  Do you think that you have won favor with God?