“He did not say this
On his own.
But being the high priest
Was about to die
For the nation.”
τοῦτο δὲ ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ οὐκ εἶπεν, ἀλλὰ ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν τοῦ
ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου ἐπροφήτευσεν ὅτι ἔμελλεν Ἰησοῦς ἀποθνήσκειν ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἔθνους,
John uniquely indicated that Caiaphas did not say this on his own (τοῦτο δὲ ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ οὐκ εἶπεν). Since he was the high priest that year (ἀλλὰ ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου), he actually prophesied (ἐπροφήτευσεν) that Jesus (Ἰησοῦς) was about (ὅτι ἔμελλεν) to die (ἀποθνήσκειν) for their nation or country (ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἔθνους). John seemed to see the irony that this high priest was saying that one man should die for the whole country, exactly what Jesus did for the whole world, including his country. In other words, this high priest was prophesying about the death of Jesus for the whole world, precisely in his role as high priest under the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Can one person save a country?
“You do not understand
That it is better
To have one man
Die for the people,
Than to have
The whole nation
οὐδὲ λογίζεσθε ὅτι συμφέρει ὑμῖν ἵνα εἷς ἄνθρωπος
ἀποθάνῃ ὑπὲρ τοῦ λαοῦ καὶ μὴ ὅλον τὸ ἔθνος ἀπόληται.
uniquely indicated that Caiaphas, the high priest, said they did not understand
or think (οὐδὲ λογίζεσθε) that it would be better or more profitable (ὅτι
συμφέρει) for them (ὑμῖν) to have one man (ἵνα εἷς ἄνθρωπος) die (ἀποθάνῃ) for all
the people (ὑπὲρ τοῦ λαοῦ), than to have the whole nation or country (καὶ μὴ
ὅλον τὸ ἔθνος) destroyed or perish (ἀπόληται).
Caiaphas made the argument that one person dying was better than having
the whole country wiped out. Do you think
that martyrdom is a good idea?
“But one of them,
Who was the high priest
That same year,
Said to them.
‘You know nothing at all!’”
εἷς δέ τις ἐξ αὐτῶν Καϊάφας, ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ
ἐκείνου, εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ὑμεῖς οὐκ οἴδατε οὐδέν,
uniquely indicated that one of them (εἷς δέ τις ἐξ αὐτῶν), Caiaphas (Καϊάφας), the
high priest (ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν) for that same year (τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου), said to
them (εἶπεν αὐτοῖς) that they knew nothing at all (Ὑμεῖς οὐκ οἴδατε οὐδέν). Caiaphas was the high priest from 18-36 CE,
not just one year. He was not merely one
among many, but the actual leader of Sanhedrin.
This high priest told them they did not know what they were talking
about. They were dummies. Do you sometimes think that people have no
idea what they are talking about?
“If we let him go on
Everyone will believe
They will destroy
Both our holy place
And our nation.”
ἐὰν ἀφῶμεν αὐτὸν οὕτως, πάντες πιστεύσουσιν εἰς αὐτόν,
καὶ ἐλεύσονται οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι καὶ ἀροῦσιν ἡμῶν καὶ τὸν τόπον καὶ τὸ ἔθνος.
uniquely indicated that this Jewish religious group said that if they let Jesus
go on or left him alone (ἐὰν ἀφῶμεν αὐτὸν) like he was (οὕτως), everyone (πάντες)
would believe (πιστεύσουσιν) in him (εἰς αὐτόν). Then the Romans (οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι) would come (καὶ ἐλεύσονται)
and destroy or take away from them (καὶ ἀροῦσιν ἡμῶν) both their holy place (καὶ
τὸν τόπον) and their country or nation (καὶ τὸ ἔθνος). They thought that Jesus might become some
kind of king in opposition to the Roman rule.
Thus, the Romans might come to wipe out not just the followers of Jesus,
but also all the Jews in Jerusalem as well as their Temple. Ironically enough, that actually happened in
70 CE, but it was not because of Jesus, but because of other Jewish zealots. Do you think that revolutions are good or bad?
The chief priests
And the Pharisees
Called a meeting
Of the council.
‘What are we to do?
Συνήγαγον οὖν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι συνέδριον,
καὶ ἔλεγον Τί ποιοῦμεν, ὅτι οὗτος ὁ ἄνθρωπος πολλὰ ποιεῖ σημεῖα;
uniquely indicated that the chief priests (οὖν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς) and the Pharisees (οἱ
Φαρισαῖοι) gathered together (Συνήγαγον) or called a meeting of the council or
Sanhedrin (συνέδριον). They wondered or
said (καὶ ἔλεγον) what were they going to do (Τί ποιοῦμεν), since this man (ὅτι
οὗτος ὁ ἄνθρωπος), Jesus, was performing many signs (πολλὰ ποιεῖ σημεῖα). Was this council the official Jerusalem
religious Sanhedrin, the supreme court of the Jewish people? This Sanhedrin had about 70 people of
priests, Scribes, and elders. The
raising of Lazarus probably upset the Sadducees who did not believe in the
resurrection. However, they were not
explicitly mentioned here. Once again,
there was an emphasis on signs rather than miracles that Jesus had done. Certainly, they were upset that this raising
of Lazarus was so close to Jerusalem in Bethany. Do you like to go to meetings?
Some of them
Went to the Pharisees.
They told them
What Jesus had done.”
τινὲς δὲ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀπῆλθον πρὸς τοὺς Φαρισαίους καὶ
εἶπαν αὐτοῖς ἃ ἐποίησεν Ἰησοῦς.
uniquely indicated that some (τινὲς δὲ ἐξ αὐτῶν) of these Jews went (ἀπῆλθον)
to the Pharisees (πρὸς τοὺς Φαρισαίους).
They told them (καὶ εἶπαν αὐτοῖς) what Jesus (Ἰησοῦς) had done (ἃ
ἐποίησεν). While many of the people who
had seen what Jesus had done in raising Lazarus, believed in Jesus, there were
some that went to the Pharisees to tell them what had happened. Would you tell anybody if you saw someone
rise up from the grave?
Many of the Jews
Who had come
What Jesus did.
They believed in
Πολλοὶ οὖν ἐκ τῶν
Ἰουδαίων, οἱ ἐλθόντες πρὸς τὴν Μαριὰμ καὶ θεασάμενοι ὃ ἐποίησεν, ἐπίστευσαν εἰς
indicated that many of the Jews (Πολλοὶ οὖν ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων), who had come with
Mary (οἱ ἐλθόντες πρὸς τὴν Μαριὰμ), had seen (καὶ θεασάμενοι) what Jesus had done
(ὃ ἐποίησεν). They believed in him (ἐπίστευσαν
εἰς αὐτόν). Thus, this sign of the
raising of Lazarus from the dead led to the belief of many more Jewish people
from Jerusalem. However, they were
probably friends of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus.
Would you believe in the power of someone who made a man rise from the