Jesus should die for this country (Jn 11:51-11:51)

“He did not say this

On his own.

But being the high priest

That year,

He prophesied

That Jesus

Was about to die

For the nation.”

τοῦτο δὲ ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ οὐκ εἶπεν, ἀλλὰ ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου ἐπροφήτευσεν ὅτι ἔμελλεν Ἰησοῦς ἀποθνήσκειν ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἔθνους,

John uniquely indicated that Caiaphas did not say this on his own (τοῦτο δὲ ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ οὐκ εἶπεν).  Since he was the high priest that year (ἀλλὰ ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου), he actually prophesied (ἐπροφήτευσεν) that Jesus (Ἰησοῦς) was about (ὅτι ἔμελλεν) to die (ἀποθνήσκειν) for their nation or country (ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἔθνους).  John seemed to see the irony that this high priest was saying that one man should die for the whole country, exactly what Jesus did for the whole world, including his country.  In other words, this high priest was prophesying about the death of Jesus for the whole world, precisely in his role as high priest under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.  Can one person save a country?

One man should die to save others (Jn 11:50-11:50)

“You do not understand

That it is better

For you

To have one man

Die for the people,

Than to have

The whole nation


οὐδὲ λογίζεσθε ὅτι συμφέρει ὑμῖν ἵνα εἷς ἄνθρωπος ἀποθάνῃ ὑπὲρ τοῦ λαοῦ καὶ μὴ ὅλον τὸ ἔθνος ἀπόληται.

John uniquely indicated that Caiaphas, the high priest, said they did not understand or think (οὐδὲ λογίζεσθε) that it would be better or more profitable (ὅτι συμφέρει) for them (ὑμῖν) to have one man (ἵνα εἷς ἄνθρωπος) die (ἀποθάνῃ) for all the people (ὑπὲρ τοῦ λαοῦ), than to have the whole nation or country (καὶ μὴ ὅλον τὸ ἔθνος) destroyed or perish (ἀπόληται).  Caiaphas made the argument that one person dying was better than having the whole country wiped out.  Do you think that martyrdom is a good idea?

Caiaphas (Jn 11:49-11:49)

“But one of them,


Who was the high priest

That same year,

Said to them.

‘You know nothing at all!’”

εἷς δέ τις ἐξ αὐτῶν Καϊάφας, ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου, εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ὑμεῖς οὐκ οἴδατε οὐδέν,

John uniquely indicated that one of them (εἷς δέ τις ἐξ αὐτῶν), Caiaphas (Καϊάφας), the high priest (ἀρχιερεὺς ὢν) for that same year (τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου), said to them (εἶπεν αὐτοῖς) that they knew nothing at all (Ὑμεῖς οὐκ οἴδατε οὐδέν).  Caiaphas was the high priest from 18-36 CE, not just one year.  He was not merely one among many, but the actual leader of Sanhedrin.  This high priest told them they did not know what they were talking about.  They were dummies.  Do you sometimes think that people have no idea what they are talking about?

The Romans may come (Jn 11:48-11:48)

“If we let him go on

Like this,

Everyone will believe

In him.

The Romans

Will come.

They will destroy

Both our holy place

And our nation.”

ἐὰν ἀφῶμεν αὐτὸν οὕτως, πάντες πιστεύσουσιν εἰς αὐτόν, καὶ ἐλεύσονται οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι καὶ ἀροῦσιν ἡμῶν καὶ τὸν τόπον καὶ τὸ ἔθνος.

John uniquely indicated that this Jewish religious group said that if they let Jesus go on or left him alone (ἐὰν ἀφῶμεν αὐτὸν) like he was (οὕτως), everyone (πάντες) would believe (πιστεύσουσιν) in him (εἰς αὐτόν).  Then the Romans (οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι) would come (καὶ ἐλεύσονται) and destroy or take away from them (καὶ ἀροῦσιν ἡμῶν) both their holy place (καὶ τὸν τόπον) and their country or nation (καὶ τὸ ἔθνος).  They thought that Jesus might become some kind of king in opposition to the Roman rule.  Thus, the Romans might come to wipe out not just the followers of Jesus, but also all the Jews in Jerusalem as well as their Temple.  Ironically enough, that actually happened in 70 CE, but it was not because of Jesus, but because of other Jewish zealots.  Do you think that revolutions are good or bad?

The Jewish council or Sanhedrin (Jn 11:47-11:47)


The chief priests

And the Pharisees

Called a meeting

Of the council.

They said.

‘What are we to do?

This man

Is performing

Many signs.’”

Συνήγαγον οὖν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι συνέδριον, καὶ ἔλεγον Τί ποιοῦμεν, ὅτι οὗτος ὁ ἄνθρωπος πολλὰ ποιεῖ σημεῖα;

John uniquely indicated that the chief priests (οὖν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς) and the Pharisees (οἱ Φαρισαῖοι) gathered together (Συνήγαγον) or called a meeting of the council or Sanhedrin (συνέδριον).  They wondered or said (καὶ ἔλεγον) what were they going to do (Τί ποιοῦμεν), since this man (ὅτι οὗτος ὁ ἄνθρωπος), Jesus, was performing many signs (πολλὰ ποιεῖ σημεῖα).  Was this council the official Jerusalem religious Sanhedrin, the supreme court of the Jewish people?  This Sanhedrin had about 70 people of priests, Scribes, and elders.  The raising of Lazarus probably upset the Sadducees who did not believe in the resurrection.  However, they were not explicitly mentioned here.  Once again, there was an emphasis on signs rather than miracles that Jesus had done.  Certainly, they were upset that this raising of Lazarus was so close to Jerusalem in Bethany.  Do you like to go to meetings?

Some report this to the Pharisees (Jn 11:46-11:46)


Some of them

Went to the Pharisees.

They told them

What Jesus had done.”

τινὲς δὲ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀπῆλθον πρὸς τοὺς Φαρισαίους καὶ εἶπαν αὐτοῖς ἃ ἐποίησεν Ἰησοῦς.

John uniquely indicated that some (τινὲς δὲ ἐξ αὐτῶν) of these Jews went (ἀπῆλθον) to the Pharisees (πρὸς τοὺς Φαρισαίους).  They told them (καὶ εἶπαν αὐτοῖς) what Jesus (Ἰησοῦς) had done (ἃ ἐποίησεν).  While many of the people who had seen what Jesus had done in raising Lazarus, believed in Jesus, there were some that went to the Pharisees to tell them what had happened.  Would you tell anybody if you saw someone rise up from the grave?

Many Jews believe in Jesus (Jn 11:45-11:45)


Many of the Jews

Who had come

With Mary

Had seen

What Jesus did.

They believed in him.”

Πολλοὶ οὖν ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων, οἱ ἐλθόντες πρὸς τὴν Μαριὰμ καὶ θεασάμενοι ὃ ἐποίησεν, ἐπίστευσαν εἰς αὐτόν·

John uniquely indicated that many of the Jews (Πολλοὶ οὖν ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων), who had come with Mary (οἱ ἐλθόντες πρὸς τὴν Μαριὰμ), had seen (καὶ θεασάμενοι) what Jesus had done (ὃ ἐποίησεν).  They believed in him (ἐπίστευσαν εἰς αὐτόν).  Thus, this sign of the raising of Lazarus from the dead led to the belief of many more Jewish people from Jerusalem.  However, they were probably friends of Mary, Martha, and Lazarus.  Would you believe in the power of someone who made a man rise from the dead?