Paul and Timothy (Philemon 1:1)


A prisoner

Of Christ Jesus,

And Timothy,

Our brother,

To Philemon

Our dear friend

And co-worker.”

Παῦλος δέσμιος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ καὶ Τιμόθεος ὁ ἀδελφὸς Φιλήμονι τῷ ἀγαπητῷ καὶ συνεργῷ ἡμῶν

Paul said, “Paul (Παῦλος), a prisoner (δέσμιος) of Christ Jesus (Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ), and Timothy (καὶ Τιμόθεος), our brother (ὁ ἀδελφὸς), to Philemon (Φιλήμονι) our dear friend (τῷ ἀγαπητῷ) and co-worker (καὶ συνεργῷ ἡμῶν).”  It is interesting to note that Paul did not call himself an apostle of Jesus Christ like he had in most of his other epistles.  He explicitly said that he was a prisoner of Jesus Christ.  Was he a prisoner in Caesarea or Rome?  Probably Rome.  Thus, Paul stated at the beginning of this letter that he was the one writing it.  However, like he had done in six other canonical epistles, nearly half of the Pauline corpus of letters, he listed Timothy, his brother, as his co-writer just like in 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, and 2 Thessalonians.  In fact, two biblical letters were addressed to Timothy, 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy.  Thus, Timothy was an important figure in the early growing Christian gentile church in the second half of the first century.  The letter was addressed to Philemon, a beloved co-worker.  Thus, Paul and Philemon knew each other.  Paul called him beloved or dear friend as well as someone who may have done some evangelical work with him.  Do you write to your friends?


I.                              Opening address

Paul and Timothy (Philemon 1:1)

Apphia and Archippus (Philemon 1:2)

Grace and peace to you (Philemon 1:3)


II.                          Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving (Philemon 1:4)

I hear of your love and faith (Philemon 1:5)

Effective faith (Philemon 1:6)

Joy and encouragement (Philemon 1:7)

III.                      Request of a favor

Do your duty! (Philemon 1:8)

I am an old man (Philemon 1:9)

I appeal to you (Philemon 1:10)

Onesimus is now useful (Philemon 1:11)

I am sending him back to you (Philemon 1:12)

I want to keep him (Philemon 1:13)

Onesimus was separated from you (Philemon 1:15)

A beloved brother (Philemon 1:16)

Welcome Onesimus! (Philemon 1:17)

Charge my account (Philemon 1:18)

I am writing this (Philemon 1:19)

Can I have this benefit? (Philemon 1:20)

You will do what I say (Philemon 1:21)



IV.                      Greetings

Prepare a guest room! (Philemon 1:22)

Epaphras (Philemon 1:23)

Greetings (Philemon 1:24)

Grace be with you (Philemon 1:25)

Thank you! – 64

January 31, 2022

Thank you! – 64

In two weeks, I have finished reading and commenting on Paul’s Letter to Titus.  I have now finished the New Testament four canonical gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, plus the Acts of the Apostles, and Paul’s letters to the Romans, as well 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians and 2 Thessalonians, 1 and 2 Timothy, and now Titus.  Every time I finish commenting on a book of the Bible, I send a thank you blog.  I usually post five blogs a day covering a verse of the biblical books.  So far, I have posted over 14,695 blogs about the individual paragraphs of all the 46 books of the Old Testament, plus the individual verses of the first 17 books of the New Testament.  It has taken me a little over eight years to get this done, since I first began in 2013.

255 people follow this blog every day.  Many people have visited this site.  There have been over 81,000 hits on this blog since its inception.  I just want to thank all of you.  Word Press sent me a compilation that showed that about 52,200 people from 174 other countries have visited this web site since its inception.

I realize that over 14,500 people have left comments in 2021, but I have not responded to them.  Some of you might want to moderate my comments, which is fine with me.  If you want to contact me directly, my email is

I want to thank all of you who have sent emails to me this past few weeks, especially

  • Becoming His Tapestry
  • Yuval Bloomberg
  • Stuart M. Perkins
  • Pure Glory
  • thechristiantechnerd 
  • Laronda Cole 
  • joansanusi
  • Zocido
  • blmaluso
  • thedihedral
  • Chaymaa
  • josechurape

Thank you to everyone.

Peace – love – joy

Eugene Finnegan

Conclusion of final instructions (chapter 3)

Paul said that he was going to send Artemas or Tychicus to Crete.  Then Titus could join Paul in Nicopolis, where he was going to spend the winter.  Titus was to send Zenas and Apollos on their way but lacking nothing.  The people of Crete should apply themselves to good works, making sure that those in greater need were taken care of first.  Finally, Paul sent greetings to all the faithful in Crete. He wanted God’s grace to be with all of them.  Is God’s grace with you?


Avoid troublemakers (chapter 3)

Paul wanted Titus to avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, dissensions, and quarrels about the law, since they are futile and useless.  Titus was to avoid these factious sectarian heretical dissenters.  If they did not respond after a couple of admonishments, then he was to have nothing to do with them.  These dissenters are perverted and sinful, since they have already self-condemned themselves.  Do you avoid stupid arguments?

Life with Christ (chapter 3)

Paul wanted Titus to remind the people of Crete to respect, submit, and obey rulers and authorities.  They should be nice to one another.  They should not speak evil or quarrel with other people.  They should be gentle and show courtesy to each other.  We were once foolish, disobedient, passionate, and pleasure seeking, pursuing malice, evil and hatred.  Then the good and kind loving Savior appeared.  Jesus Christ saved us not because of any good deed that we had done, but out of his mercy.  God washed and regenerated us with the renewal of the Holy Spirit who was poured out on us through Jesus Christ, our Savior.  Thus, we have been justified by grace and have become hopeful heirs to eternal life.  Paul insisted that Titus speak about these things, so that those who believe in God would do good deeds.  Do you do good deeds?

Fundamental doctrine (chapter 2)

Paul explained to Titus that the grace of God had brought salvation to all people.  We are now trained to renounce irreligion and worldly passions.  Instead, we are to live sober, upright, and godly lives at the present time.  We wait in blessed hope for the appearance of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.  He redeemed us from our sins.  Thus, he has now purified a new people who are zealous for good deeds.  Paul wanted Titus to declare these things to the people of Crete with authority, so that he should not be belittled.  Do you believe that God’s grace has brought salvation to all people?

Slaves (chapter 2)

Paul said that slaves should be submissive to their master owners.  They should satisfy their owners in every respect and not talk back.  Slaves were not to steal from their masters.  They should be faithful to their masters, so that they would be an ornament to the doctrine of our saving God.  Should slaves submit to their masters?

Christian living instructions for all ages (chapter 2)

Paul reminded Titus that he should teach sound doctrine.  He wanted the presbyter elders to be temperate, serious, sensible, with a sound faith, love, and steadfastness.  Meanwhile, the female elders should also be reverent, but not slanderers or drunkards.  They were to teach and train the young women to love their husbands and children.  The young women were to be sensible, chaste, kind, and submissive to their husbands, while the young men should also exercise self-control.  How the old and young men and women in your Christian community act?