Yahweh in his fury and anger would trample the various countries on earth. Yahweh was going to come forward to save his people and their anointed one, the king. He was going to crush the head of the wicked house, destroying it completely from its foundations to its roof. Yahweh would save his people and their king by destroying their enemies. Once again, we have a meditative pause in this canticle with a Selah.
Habakkuk remarked that Yahweh was powerful. Pestilence went before him, while the plague followed him. Yahweh stopped and shook the earth. As he looked, the various countries trembled. The eternal mountains and the everlasting hills were shattered, as they sank low to provide a path for him.
Hosea delivered the final blow against Ephraim. They would be stricken with dry roots. There would be no more fruit from Ephraim. Even if they gave birth, Yahweh was going to kill their children, the fruit of their womb. They had not listened to Yahweh. God now rejected them. They would become wanderers among the various countries.
The Israelites were to forget their shame when they returned to Israel. They would forget their former treachery against Yahweh. They would live securely in their land, since there was no one to make them afraid. Yahweh would have brought them back from the various countries that they were in. He was going to gather them from the lands of their enemies. Yahweh would vindicate his holiness through them in the sight of many nations.
Yahweh, via Ezekiel, was going to make an eternal covenant of peace with the Israelites. He was going to bless and multiply them. He was going to set his sanctuary among them, living with them forever. He was going to be their God. Thus, they would be his people. All the various countries would know that Yahweh had personally sanctified the land of Israel forever. There was a major emphasis on forever, which is a very long time.
Yahweh complained that the Israelites had profaned his holy name in the various countries that they went into. The people there in those countries would say that Yahweh’s people had to leave the land of Yahweh. Thus, they continued to profane the name of Yahweh in their exile, in whatever country they were living.
Somewhat reminiscent of Psalm 23 about the good shepherd, Yahweh, their God, said that he was going to bring all his lost sheep together from the various countries where they had been. They were going to go back to their own land. Yahweh was going to feed them on the mountains of Israel with flowing water in all the inhabited places of their country. He was going to feed them from the good pastures in the mountain heights of Israel. There they would lie down in this good grazing land. They would eat from the rich pastures on the mountains of Israel. Yahweh was going to be their shepherd, the good shepherd of his sheep. He was going to make them lie down in great green pastures.
Now there are a series of oracles against the various countries around Israel and Judah. As usual, the word of Yahweh came to Ezekiel, the son of man. He was to set his face against the Ammonites and prophesy against them. Who are the Ammonites? In the biblical sense, they are the descendants of Ammon, the son of Lot from the incest incident with his daughter in Genesis, chapter 19. They seem to have been east of the Jordan and north of Moab, but south of Assyria. The country of Ammon existed from about the 10th century to the 4th century BCE in what would have been the Gad territory as outlined in Joshua, chapter 13. Today it is part of the country of Jordan. Jeremiah, chapter 49, had also spoken out against them. They along with the Moabites were the constant enemies of Judah and Israel. At some point, they became part of the Assyrian empire and eventually ceased to exist. They certainly were related to Canaan and spoke a Semitic language.