The evil in Gilgal (Hos 9:15-9:15)

“Every evil

Of theirs

Began at Gilgal.

There I began

To hate them.

Because of the wickedness

Of their deeds,

I will drive them

Out of my house.

I will love them

No more.

All their officials

Are rebels.”

Gilgal was the original west bank camping grounds, east of Jericho, in Joshua, chapters 4-5. There Saul was also anointed king in 1 Samuel, chapter 11, despite the fact that Samuel was opposed to him. Gilgal was, nevertheless, the home of the prophets Elijah and Elisha in 2 Kings, chapter 2. Yahweh, via Hosea, said that all the evil things began here at Gilgal, as they entered the promised land. Yahweh began to hate the Israelites there, because of their wicked deeds. Yahweh was going to drive them out of his house, because he was not going to love them anymore. All their officials were rebels against Yahweh.

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The portions for the tribes of Israel (Ezek 48:29-48:29)

“‘This is the land

That you shall allot

As an inheritance

Among the tribes

Of Israel.

These are

Their several portions.’

Says Yahweh God.”

In case there was any doubt, Yahweh, via Ezekiel, had assigned these tribes to their new territories. Many of these tribes would have lost a lot of territory. They were not even close to where they were at the time of Joshua. It is hard to tell, if this ever went into effect.

 

The tribe of Gad (Ezek 48:27-48:27)

“Adjoining the territory

Of Zebulun,

From the east side

To the west side,

Gad shall have

One portion.”

Gad was originally on the east side of the Jordan River in Joshua, chapter 13. They were originally surrounded by Manasseh on the north and west side, with Reuben to its south. It was never close to Zebulun. However, both might have been small tribes by this time.

The tribe of Zebulun (Ezek 48:26-48:26)

“Adjoining the territory

Of Issachar,

From the east side

To the west side,

Zebulun shall have

One portion.”

Originally, in Joshua, chapter 19, Zebulun had a small territory near Issachar and Naphtali. Here it is mentioned as next to Issachar, but somehow it is considered with these other southern tribes. There is no doubt that it was a small tribe.

The tribe of Issachar (Ezek 48:25-48:25)

“Adjoining the territory

Of Simeon,

From the east side

To the west side,

Issachar shall have

One portion.”

Once again, Issachar is completely out of place considering where it was in Joshua, chapter 19, up north of Manasseh, between Zebulun and Naphtali. Nevertheless, this small tribe got one portion, next to the territory of Simeon, somewhere here in the south.

The tribe of Simeon (Ezek 48:24-48:24)

“Adjoining the territory

Of Benjamin,

From the east side

To the west side,

Simeon shall have

One portion.”

Simeon had gotten very little land in Joshua, chapter 19, just some land south of Judah. Here, they are attached to Benjamin in some way that is not clear. They had one portion, just like Benjamin. Obviously, Simeon was decreasing in power and value.

The tribe of Benjamin (Ezek 48:23-48:23)

“The rest of the tribes

Includes Benjamin.

From the east side

To the west side,

Benjamin shall have

one portion.”

Unlike in Joshua, chapter 18, the territory of Benjamin does not have any details of where it would be. Obviously, the old Benjamin was north of Judah and south of Ephraim. Here it simply is one portion from the east to the west side, without any further explanation. Somehow, it had been reduced in value.