The dry bones were the house of Israel (Ezek 37:11-37:11)

“Then Yahweh said to me!

‘Son of man!

These bones are

The whole house

Of Israel.

They say.

‘Our bones are

Dried up.

Our hope

Is lost.

We are cut off

Completely.’”

Yahweh told Ezekiel that the dry bones were the whole house of Israel that was discouraged in their exile in Babylon. These dejected captives said that their bones were dried up. They had lost hope, since they were completely cut off from Israel.

The profaning of the holy name of Yahweh (Ezek 36:20-36:21)

“When the Israelites came

To the nations,

Wherever they came,

They profaned

My holy name.

It was said of them.

‘These are the people

Of Yahweh.

Yet they had to go

Out of his land.’

But I had concern

For my holy name.

The house of Israel

Had profaned it

Among the nations

To which they came.”

Yahweh complained that the Israelites had profaned his holy name in the various countries that they went into. The people there in those countries would say that Yahweh’s people had to leave the land of Yahweh. Thus, they continued to profane the name of Yahweh in their exile, in whatever country they were living.