Yahweh dwells in Jerusalem (Joel 3:17-3:17)

“So,

You shall know

That I am Yahweh!

Your God!

I dwell in Zion!

My holy mountain!

Jerusalem

Shall be holy.

Strangers

Shall never again

Pass through it.”

Yahweh, via Joel, wanted them to understand that Yahweh was their God. He lived in this holy mountain, Zion. Thus, Jerusalem was to be holy. Never again would strangers pass through it. It was a great desire that was not fulfilled.

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The people will be satisfied (Joel 2:26-2:26)

“You shall eat

In plenty.

You shall be satisfied.

You shall praise

The name of Yahweh.

Your God.

He has dealt wondrously

With you.

My people

Shall never again

Be put to shame.”

Now the Israelites would be satisfied with plenty of food. They would then praise Yahweh, their God, because he has treated them so wonderfully. Then Yahweh, via Joel, said that they would never again be ashamed.

Yahweh sends abundant rain (Joel 2:23-2:24)

“O children of Zion!

Be glad!

Rejoice in Yahweh!

Your God!

He has given

The early rain

For your vindication.

He has poured down

For you

Abundant rain,

The early,

As well as the latter rain,

As before.

The threshing floors

Shall be full of grain.

The vats shall overflow

With wine.

The vats shall overflow

With oil.”

Joel reminded the children of Zion that they should rejoice and be glad in Yahweh, their God, because he has given them plenty of rain, both the early and later rain, just like before the locust attack. Thus, the threshing floors would be full of grain. The vats or containers for the wine and the oil from the vines and trees would be overflowing.

A gracious God (Joel 2:13-2:14)

“Return to Yahweh!

Your God!

He is gracious!

He is merciful!

He is slow to anger!

He is abounding

In steadfast love!

He relents

From punishing.

Who knows

Whether he will not turn?

Who knows

Whether he will not relent?

Leave a blessing

Behind him!

Leave a grain offering!

Leave a drink offering

For Yahweh!

Your God!”

Joel continued with the same theme. They should return to Yahweh. Joel used the ancient words about God as gracious and merciful, since Yahweh was slow to get angry. He was abounding in steadfast love. He did not punish easily. Will he return? Will he relent? Your best shot was to leave a blessing, like a grain or drink offering for Yahweh, their God. Clearly, Joel was tied to the Temple, since he considered the grain and drink offering as a blessing.

The fast (Joel 1:14-1:14)

“Sanctify a fast!

Call a solemn assembly!

Gather the elders!

Gather all the inhabitants

Of the land

To the house of Yahweh,

Your God!

Cry out to Yahweh!”

Joel’s response is to gather the elders and all the people of the land for a solemn assembly and fast in the house of Yahweh, in the Temple. There, they would cry out to Yahweh, their God. Joel sought a cultic worship response to this locust crisis.

Return to Yahweh (Hos 14:1-14:2)

“O Israel!

Return

To Yahweh!

Your God!

You have stumbled

Because of your iniquity.

Take words with you!

Return

To Yahweh!

Say to him!

‘Take away all guilt!

Accept that which is good!

We will offer

The fruit of our lips.’”

Hosea remined them that there was still hope. If they returned to Yahweh, their God, there might be a chance. They had stumbled because of their iniquity. They had to take back their own words. They had to return to Yahweh. They should ask God to take away all their guilt. They should have a change of heart. They should change the words that they say. They should be more careful in how they talk.

The response of Yahweh (Hos 12:9-12:10)

“I am Yahweh!

Your God!

I brought you

From the land of Egypt.

I will make you

Live in tents again,

As in the days

Of the appointed festivals.

I spoke to the prophets.

It was I

Who multiplied visions.

I will bring destruction

Through the prophets.”

Yahweh, via Hosea, responded that he was their God. He had brought them out of the land of Egypt. However, he was going to make them live in tents again, like they did on the festival of Tents. He had spoken to the prophets. He had provided their visions. He now could bring destruction to them via the same prophets.