Said to them.
‘These are my words
That I spoke to you,
While I was still
In the law of Moses,
And the psalms
Must be fulfilled.’”
Εἶπεν δὲ πρὸς αὐτούς Οὗτοι οἱ
λόγοι μου οὓς ἐλάλησα πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἔτι ὢν σὺν ὑμῖν, ὅτι δεῖ πληρωθῆναι πάντα τὰ
γεγραμμένα ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Μωϋσέως καὶ τοῖς προφήταις καὶ ψαλμοῖς περὶ ἐμοῦ.
Only Luke uniquely has Jesus
speak these words to his disciples.
Jesus said to them (Εἶπεν δὲ πρὸς αὐτούς) that these were his words (Οὗτοι
οἱ λόγοι μου) that he spoke to them (οὓς ἐλάλησα πρὸς ὑμᾶς) while he was still
with them (ἔτι ὢν σὺν ὑμῖν). Everything
written (πάντα τὰ γεγραμμένα) about him (περὶ ἐμοῦ), Jesus, that was in the law
of Moses (ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Μωϋσέως), the prophets (καὶ τοῖς προφήταις), and the
psalms (καὶ ψαλμοῖς) must be fulfilled (ὅτι δεῖ πληρωθῆναι). This sounds just like what he was telling the
two disciples on the road to Emmaus. Luke
and Jesus used the traditional divisions of the Bible as the law and the
prophets, plus the psalms or writings or wisdom literature, as in verse 27 of
this chapter. Are you aware of the law
of Moses and the prophets?
ὑμῖν ὅτι τοῦτο τὸ γεγραμμένον δεῖ τελεσθῆναι ἐν ἐμοί, τό Καὶ μετὰ ἀνόμων ἐλογίσθη·
καὶ γὰρ τὸ περὶ ἐμοῦ τέλος ἔχει.
had another unique saying of Jesus at this Last Supper meal that was not in the
other gospel stories. Only Luke indicated that Jesus said to them with
a solemn pronouncement (λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν) that this scripture (ὅτι τοῦτο τὸ
γεγραμμένον) must be fulfilled (δεῖ τελεσθῆναι) in himself (ἐν ἐμοί). Jesus then cited a verse from Isaiah, chapter 53:12, that he was counted
among the lawless, the transgressors, or the wicked (τό Καὶ μετὰ ἀνόμων ἐλογίσθη). What was written about Jesus (καὶ γὰρ τὸ περὶ
ἐμοῦ) would be fulfilled (τέλος ἔχει) or have an ending in Jesus. In the
original Deutero-Isaiah verse, Yahweh,
said this righteous suffering servant would make others people righteous,
because he bore their iniquities. Thus,
he would be considered with the great ones.
He would give of himself even to death.
Although he was considered a transgressor, he still bore the sins of many. He made intercession for the transgressors
themselves. Thus, this suffering servant
seems to have a happy ending. Here in Luke,
Jesus seemed to equated himself with this suffering servant from Isaiah.
Have you ever felt that you were suffering?
Then Jesus began
To say to them.
Has been fulfilled
In your hearing.’”
ἤρξατο δὲ λέγειν πρὸς αὐτοὺς ὅτι Σήμερον πεπλήρωται ἡ γραφὴ αὕτη ἐν τοῖς ὠσὶν ὑμῶν
This is unique to Luke, as he presented the teaching of Jesus. Luke indicated that Jesus began to say to the assembled crowd (ἤρξατο δὲ λέγειν πρὸς αὐτοὺς) in this Nazareth synagogue, that today (ὅτι Σήμερον) this scripture has been fulfilled (πεπλήρωται ἡ γραφὴ αὕτη) in their hearing (ἐν τοῖς ὠσὶν ὑμῶν). Scripture fulfilled was a common theme of the gospel writers. Jesus implied that the Scripture passage he had just read referred to him.
‘He was counted
Among the lawless.’”
Καὶ ἐπληρώθη ἡ γραφὴ ἡ λέγουσα, Καὶ μετὰ ἀνόμων ἐλογίσθη
This verse is only in a few Orthodox manuscripts. This points to the role of the 2 bandits to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah, chapter 53:12, about the suffering servant. Mark said that scripture was fulfilled (Καὶ ἐπληρώθη ἡ γραφὴ) that said (ἡ λέγουσα) that the suffering servant Messiah would be counted among the lawless (Καὶ μετὰ ἀνόμων ἐλογίσθη).