Jude (Jude 1:1)

“Jude,

A servant

Of Jesus Christ

And brother

Of James,

To those who are called,

Who are beloved

Of God the Father

And kept safe

For Jesus Christ.”

Ἰούδας Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ δοῦλος, ἀδελφὸς δὲ Ἰακώβου, τοῖς ἐν Θεῷ Πατρὶ ἠγαπημένοις καὶ Ἰησοῦ Χριστῷ τετηρημένοις κλητοῖς.

This author said “Jude (Ἰούδας), a servant (δοῦλος) of Jesus Christ (Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ) and brother (ἀδελφὸς) of James (δὲ Ἰακώβου), to those (τοῖς) who are called (κλητοῖς), who are beloved (ἠγαπημένοις) of God (ἐν Θεῷ) the Father (Πατρὶ) and kept safe (τετηρημένοις) for Jesus Christ (καὶ Ἰησοῦ Χριστῷ).”  This author proclaimed that he was Jude or Judas.  He was not anonymous.  He called himself a slave or servant of Jesus Christ.  Perhaps the most difficult problem is that this Jude called himself the brother of James.  In Mark, chapter 6:3, James, Joses, Judas, and Simon are called the brothers of Jesus.  In Luke, chapter 6:16, there are two of the twelve apostles called Judas, the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.  In Acts, chapter 1:13, there was another mention of Judas the son of James as one of the now eleven apostles.  As far as this Judas was concerned, there is some more confusion, since he does not appear in the lists of the twelve apostles in Mark, chapter 3:18-19 and Matthew, chapter 10:4, who only list a Thaddeus along with Judas Iscariot.  Luke and the Acts listed him as Jude or Judas, the son of James, not Thaddeus.  Are these two-different people or just two different names?  Is this Jude Thaddeus like Simon Peter and Levi Matthew?  Did he have both a Jewish and a Greek name?  Is this the same Judas?  This Jude was writing to the beloved called followers of Jesus Christ that God the Father kept safe.  This Jude may have been a follower of Jesus Christ who was a brother of James and Jesus or an apostle and son of James.  He clearly called himself Jude.  The name Jude derived from the term Jewish man or man of Judea.  He may have been the brother of the James who was the leader of Jewish community in Jerusalem.  It seems to be a generic letter not aimed at a specific Christian community.  What do you know about Jude?

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