“Then all the friends of Judas assembled. They said to Jonathan.
‘Since the death of your brother Judas
There has been no one like him
To go against our enemies and Bacchides,
To deal with those of our nation who hate us.
Now we have chosen you today
To take his place as our ruler and leader,
To fight our battle.’
Jonathan accepted the leadership at that time. He took the place of his brother Judas.”
The friends of Judas Maccabeus got together. They decided to make his brother Jonathan the new leader. There was no one who was leading the fight against their Hellenizing Jewish enemies and the Syrian General Bacchides. People hated them. They wanted Jonathan to lead them in battle and rule them. Jonathan accepted this title, rather than be self appointed, sometime around the year 160 BCE.