The sons of David at Hebron (1 Chr 3:1-3:4)

“These are the sons of David that were born to him in Hebron. The first-born Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite, the second Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite, the third Absalom, son of Maacah, daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur, the fourth Adonijah, son of Haggith, the fifth Shephatiah, by Abital, the sixth Ithream, by his wife Eglah. Six were born to him in Hebron, where he reigned for seven years and six months.”

David had 6 sons while living in Hebron for a little over 7 years, based on 2 Samuel, chapter 3. One major difference is the name of the second son. Here he is called Daniel and not Chileab as in 2 Samuel. The most famous Daniel is in the Book of Daniel. Of note is the fact that each son had a different mother as this was outright polygamy since they were explicitly called the 6 “wives” of David. Who are these 6 wives? Ahinoam and Abigail were mentioned before as they were with David before he came to Hebron. Remember that Saul’s daughter was a wife that Saul took away from David, so that would be 7 wives. Maacah had a territory named after her that was close to Geshur. We know very little about the other 3 wives, Haggith, Abital, and Ithream, since their names do not appear elsewhere. As for the sons, (1) Absalom put (2) Amnon, the first born to death because of his treatment of his sister Tamar in 2 Samuel, chapter 13. Absalom then revolted against David before he was defeated and killed in 2 Samuel, chapters 15-18. (3) Adonijah assumed that he would become king in 1 Kings, chapters 1-2, until Solomon was crowned king. The other three of sons (4) Daniel, (5) Shephatiah, and (6) Ithream, are hardly mentioned at all, since none of these six sons became king at David’s death.