Temple worship (Isa 66:1-66:2)

“Thus says Yahweh.

‘Heaven is my throne.

The earth is my footstool.

What is the house

That you would build for me?

What is my resting place?

My hand has made

All these things.

So all these things are mine.’

Says Yahweh.

‘But this is the one

To whom I will look.

I will look to the humble.

I will look to the contrite in spirit.

I will look to the one

Who trembles at my word.’”

This is an oracle about Temple worship. Yahweh said that heaven was his throne, while the earth was his footstool. What kind of resting house should they build for him? Yahweh has made everything, so that everything was his. What was he looking for? He wanted someone who was humble, contrite in spirit, and trembled at his word.

The prophet Nathan and building the temple of Yahweh (1 Chr 17:1-17:2)

“When King David settled in his house, he said to Nathan the prophet. ‘I am living in a house of cedar, but the ark of the covenant of Yahweh is under a tent.’ Nathan said to King David. ‘Do all that you have in mind, for God is with you.’”

This is almost word for word from 2 Samuel, chapter 7. When things had settled down for King David, he called the prophet Nathan. All the enemies of King David had suddenly disappeared. Nathan was a common name in biblical literature, with 7 different people with this name. This prophet Nathan is not the same as the son of King David called Nathan. However, he will have a major role as God’s consultant during the time of King David and his successor King Solomon. Here he seems to agree that King David should build a house for the ark that is at least as good as his own palace, certainly better than a mere tent, like in the days of the wilderness. Clearly Yahweh was with King David.