Who takes away
Do not withhold
Even your shirt!”
καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ αἴροντός σου τὸ ἱμάτιον καὶ τὸν χιτῶνα μὴ κωλύσῃς.
Luke indicated that Jesus said that if anyone wanted to take away their coat (καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ αἴροντός σου τὸ ἱμάτιον), they should also offer them their shirt or tunic (καὶ τὸν χιτῶνα μὴ κωλύσῃς). Once again Luke had Jesus use the second person plural to address his followers. A similar saying to this can be found in Matthew, chapter 5:40, where he also indicated that the followers of Jesus should be kind people. We might even call these activities unusual acts of kindness. In Matthew, Jesus said that not only should they give a person their inner tunic coat (τὸν χιτῶνά σου λαβεῖν), but also their outer cloak as well (ἄφες αὐτῷ καὶ τὸ ἱμάτιον). This seems like they would give all the clothes off their back, since most people did not own more than 2 coats. There should be no end to their generosity.
“Do not withhold discipline from your children.
If you beat them with a rod,
They will not die.
If you beat him with the rod
You will save their lives from Sheol.
If your heart is wise,
My heart too will be glad.
My soul will rejoice
When your lips
Speak what is right.”
Here is the reason for the good use of discipline. You were not to withhold discipline to a child. Your children were not going to die from being beat with a stick or rod. In fact, they will be saved from the underworld Sheol. If the child has a wise heart, the heart of the parents will be glad. Parents will rejoice when the lips of their children speak what is right.
“Some give freely.
Yet they grow all the richer.
Others withhold what is due.
But they only suffer want.
A generous person will be enriched.
One who gives water will get water.
The people curse those who hold back grain.
But a blessing is on the head of those who sell it.
Whoever diligently seeks good things seeks favor.
But evil comes to the one who searches for it.
Those who trust in their riches will wither.
But the righteous will flourish like green leaves.”
There is a need for generosity. Those people who give freely usually grow richer. Those who withhold what is due only suffer more wanting of things. A generous person will be enriched. If you give water, you will get water. If you hold back your grain, hoping for a higher price, you will be cursed. However, you will be blessed if you sell it to others in the normal course of the harvest. If you are seeking good things, you will be favored. If you are looking for evil, you will find it. If you trust in your wealth, it will wither away on you. However, if you are righteous, you will flourish like green leaves on a tree.