The darkness from noon to three (Mk 15:33-15:33)

“When it was noon,

The sixth hour,

Darkness came

Over the whole land,

Until three o’clock

In the afternoon,

The ninth hour.”


Καὶ γενομένης ὥρας ἕκτης σκότος ἐγένετο ἐφ’ ὅλην τὴν γῆν ἕως ὥρας ἐνάτης.


This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 27:45, and in Luke, chapter 23:44, while in John, chapter 19, there was no indication about this darkness.  Mark said that from noon on, the sixth hour (Καὶ γενομένης ὥρας ἕκτης), darkness came (σκότος ἐγένετο) over the whole land, the whole region, or the whole country (ἐφ’ ὅλην τὴν γῆν), until three in the afternoon, the ninth hour (ἕως ὥρας ἐνάτης).  There was some kind of darkness over the whole region, country, or area for about 3 hours, while Jesus was hanging on the cross.  All 3 of the synoptic gospel writers mentioned this, but John did not.  Only Mark had mentioned that crucifixion began at nine in the morning.  Have you ever been to a Good Friday service?

The anger of King Nebuchadnezzar (Jdt 1:12-1:12)

“Then King Nebuchadnezzar became very angry with this whole region. He swore by his throne and kingdom that he would take revenge on the whole territory of Cilicia, Damascus, and Syria. He would kill them with his sword. He would kill all the inhabitants of the land of Moab and the people of Ammon. He would kill all Judea and every one in Egypt, as far as the coasts of the two seas.”

When the king found out about his messengers, he was angry. He swore by the throne and his kingdom that he was going to take revenge on these western people. He would kill the people of Damascus, Syria, Moab, Ammon, Judea, and Egypt. That was quite a lot of people to wipe out.