Luke said that some of the Scribes (ποκριθέντες δέ τινες τῶν γραμματέων), but not Sadducees, answered that Jesus, their teacher (εἶπαν Διδάσκαλε) had spoken well (καλῶς εἶπας). Matthew, chapter 22:33, noted that when the crowds heard this (καὶ ἀκούσαντες οἱ ὄχλοι), they were astonished or amazed (ἐξεπλήσσοντο) at his teaching (ἐπὶ τῇ διδαχῇ αὐτοῦ), while Mark did not have any further remarks. Had Jesus given a good answer?
εἶπεν δὲ καὶ τούτῳ Καὶ σὺ ἐπάνω γίνου πέντε πόλεων.
Luke indicated that Jesus said the nobleman told the second slave (ἶπεν δὲ καὶ τούτῳ) that he was going to rule over 5 cities (Καὶ σὺ ἐπάνω γίνου πέντε πόλεων). Since this second trader slave had done well, he was put in charge of 5 cities. There was something similar in Matthew, chapter 25:23, perhaps indicating a Q source. Jesus said that this master said to this second diligent trader slave (ἔφη αὐτῷ ὁ κύριος αὐτοῦ) that he done a good job (Εὖ). He was a good trustworthy slave (δοῦλε ἀγαθὲ καὶ πιστέ). As he had been trustworthy or faithful in a few things (ἐπὶ ὀλίγα ἦς πιστός), this master was going to put him in charge or appoint him over many things (ἐπὶ πολλῶν σε καταστήσω), without being specific. This second slave was to enter into the joy of his master or lord (εἴσελθε εἰς τὴν χαρὰν τοῦ κυρίου σου). Notice that the Greek wording in Matthew, was exactly the same, word for word, as it was for the first slave with the 5 talents. They both belonged in the same category as good trustworthy faithful slaves. Meanwhile, Luke was giving both these slave earthly responsibilities, being in charge of 5 and 10 cities. What is the best reward you ever got?
Only Luke has this story about the curing of the ten lepers. Luke indicated that Jesus said to this cured Samaritan leper (καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ) that he was to get up (Ἀναστὰς) and go on his way (πορεύου), because his faith has made him well or saved him (ἡ πίστις σου σέσωκέν σε). Actually, he had been cured earlier with the other 9 lepers. However, this is a further emphasis on faith as an ingredient in the healing process. How do you connect faith and healing?
Luke uniquely indicated that Jesus said to the lawyers and the Pharisees (καὶ πρὸς αὐτοὺς εἶπεν) that if anyone of them had a child or an ox (Τίνος ὑμῶν υἱὸς ἢ βοῦς) that had fallen into a well or pit (εἰς φρέαρ πεσεῖται), would they not immediately pull him out (καὶ οὐκ εὐθέως ἀνασπάσει αὐτὸν) even on a Sabbath day (ἐν ἡμέρᾳ τοῦ σαββάτου)? Jesus turned the question of the Sabbath around. He wondered what these lawyers and Pharisees would do if their son or their ox fell into a pit or well. He pointed out that they would immediately pull him out of the well, no matter what day of the week it was. Would you help someone in distress on Sunday?
Luke concluded this unique parable story. This gardener told his owner that if this fig tree would bear fruit during this time (κἂν μὲν ποιήσῃ καρπὸν εἰς τὸ), then well and good (μέλλον). However, if it did not (εἰ δὲ μήγε), that they would cut it down (ἐκκόψεις αὐτήν). There was one more chance, but only one more. Have you ever given anyone an extra chance?
Luke indicated that Jesus said to her (ὁ δὲ εἶπεν αὐτῇ), calling her daughter (Θυγάτηρ), that her faith had saved her or made her well (ἡ πίστις σου σέσωκέν σε). Using the second person singular imperative, he told her that she was to go in peace (πορεύου εἰς εἰρήνην). This ending to the healing of this woman with the flowing blood was nearly the same in Matthew, chapter 9:22, and Mark, chapter 5:34. Mark had pretty much the same narrative as Luke. Like the other healings, Jesus said to this woman that her faith had healed, cured, or saved her. He called her “daughter (Θυγάτηρ).” He told her to go in peace. This woman was cured of her affliction or disease, as faith was a key ingredient in this healing, as in every healing. Matthew was slightly different. He said that Jesus realized that power had gone forth from him. Jesus then turned around and saw her. He realized what she was thinking. Like the other times, Jesus said that her faith had saved or cured her. He called her “daughter (θύγατερ).” He told her to have courage and take heart. With that, this woman was cured at that very hour, rather than at the initial touching of the garment, as in the other 2 synoptics. Faith was a key ingredient in all these healings. How strong is your faith?
Luke uniquely indicated that Jesus said they would be cursed (οὐαὶ), using the second person plural. If people spoke well of them (ὅταν καλῶς ὑμᾶς εἴπωσιν πάντες οἱ ἄνθρωποι), that is what (κατὰ αὐτὰ) their ancestors or fathers (οἱ πατέρες αὐτῶν) did (γὰρ ἐποίουν) to the false or pseudo-prophets (τοῖς ψευδοπροφήταις). This is the reverse of verses 22-23, where Jesus said that they would be blessed, happy, and fortunate (μακάριοί ἐστε), when people hated them (ὅταν μισήσωσιν ὑμᾶς οἱ ἄνθρωποι) or excluded them (καὶ ὅταν ἀφορίσωσιν ὑμᾶς) on account of the Son of Man (ἕνεκα τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου). They would be blessed (μακάριοί ἐστε), when people insulted them (καὶ ὀνειδίσωσιν) or defamed them. There is something equivalent to Matthew, chapter 5:11. This persecution is precisely what (κατὰ αὐτὰ) their ancestors (οἱ πατέρες αὐτῶν) had done to the ancient prophets (γὰρ ἐποίουν τοῖς προφήταις). In a certain sense, they were a continuation of the Old Testament persecuted prophets who had gone before them. However, if people spoke well of them and treated them nice, perhaps they were the false prophets.
Luke indicated that Jesus answered them (καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς ὁ Ἰησοῦς). He said to them (εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτούς) that those who are well (οἱ ὑγιαίνοντες) do not need a physician (Οὐ χρείαν ἔχουσιν…ἰατροῦ). However, those who are sick do need one (ἀλλὰ οἱ κακῶς ἔχοντες). Mark, chapter 2:17, and Matthew, chapter 9:12, are almost word for word to Luke, so that Mark might be the source of this saying. Mark and Matthew said that Jesus heard what the Pharisees were saying to his disciples. Jesus responded to them that the well people or strong ones did not need a physician or medical doctor, but the sick did. As Pope Francis likes to say, the Church is a mobile ambulance, not a hospital waiting for people to come in. Jesus saw his mission as reaching out, rather than expecting people to come to him.
Both Matthew, chapter 20:34, and Luke, chapter 18:42-43, are similar, but Mark did not mention compassion or pity. Neither did he touch his eyes. Instead, Mark indicated that Jesus told him to go (καὶ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ὕπαγε) because his faith had healed him (ἡ πίστις σου σέσωκέν σε). Immediately (καὶ εὐθὺς), he regained his sight (ἀνέβλεψεν) and followed Jesus on his way (καὶ ἠκολούθει αὐτῷ ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ), as Bartimaeus became a disciple of Jesus. There was no physical contact in this healing of the blind man.
Luke, chapter 5:31-32, and Matthew, chapter 9:12-13, are almost word for word similar to Mark, so that Mark might be the source of this saying. Mark said that Jesus heard (καὶ ἀκούσας ὁ Ἰησοῦς) what the Pharisees were saying to his disciples. He responded to them (λέγει αὐτοῖς) that the well people or strong ones do not need (Οὐ χρείαν ἔχουσιν οἱ ἰσχύοντες) a physician or medical doctor (ἰατροῦ), but the sick do (ἀλλ’ οἱ κακῶς ἔχοντες). As Pope Francis likes to say, the Church is a mobile ambulance, not a hospital waiting for people to come in. Jesus had come not to call the people who were righteous already (οὐκ ἦλθον καλέσαι δικαίους), but to call the sinners (ἀλλὰ ἁμαρτωλούς).