This author said, “These three are the Spirit (τὸ Πνεῦμα), the water (καὶ τὸ ὕδωρ), and the blood (καὶ τὸ αἷμα). These three agree (καὶ οἱ τρεῖς εἰς τὸ ἕν εἰσιν).” Clearly, the accepted Greek text does not mention the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit who are one. Instead, it says that the Spirit, the water, and the blood agree or are one. The Holy Spirit never left Jesus while he was here on earth. The water of the baptism of John the Baptist has become the baptismal waters with the Holy Spirit. The blood or the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross is the final human moment of Jesus Christ. Yet all are one, united together, and agree that the Spirit, the water, and the blood are what Jesus Christ was here on earth about. He was divine all the time, yet a true human being all the time. Without the divine infusion, we are simply looking at a mere breath, a few drops of water, and spilt blood. With the divine infusion, we have Jesus Christ with the Holy Spirit, blessed in human water, suffering and dying on a cross to redeem all the other humans, past, present, or future. What do spirit, water, and blood mean to you?
Luke indicated that Jesus said that it would be better for anyone (λυσιτελεῖ αὐτῷ) if a stone from a mill (εἰ λίθος μυλικὸς) were hung around their neck (περίκειται περὶ τὸν τράχηλον αὐτοῦ). Luke alone used the term μυλικὸς meaning mill. They should be thrown into the sea (καὶ ἔρριπται εἰς τὴν θάλασσαν), rather than cause one of these little ones to stumble (ἢ ἵνα σκανδαλίσῃ τῶν μικρῶν τούτων ἕνα). This saying about causing little believing children to sin or stumble can also be found in Mark, chapter 9:42, and Matthew, chapter 18:6, with some minor changes, with Matthew closer to Mark. Matthew indicated that Jesus said that if anyone of them caused these little ones, who believed in him, to stumble, to sin, or be scandalized (ὃς δ’ ἂν σκανδαλίσῃ ἕνα τῶν μικρῶν τούτων τῶν πιστευόντων εἰς ἐμέ), it would be better for them to fasten a great heavy millstone around their necks (συμφέρει αὐτῷ ἵνα κρεμασθῇ μύλος ὀνικὸς περὶ τὸν τράχηλον αὐτοῦ) and thus sink and be drowned in the deep sea (καὶ καταποντισθῇ ἐν τῷ πελάγει τῆς θαλάσσης). Mark indicated that Jesus said that if anyone of them caused these little ones, who believed in him, to be scandalized or stumble (Καὶ ὃς δ’ ἂν σκανδαλίσῃ ἕνα τῶν μικρῶν τούτων τῶν πιστευόντων), it would be better for them (καλόν ἐστιν αὐτῷ μᾶλλον) to fasten a great heavy millstone around their necks (εἰ περίκειται μύλος ὀνικὸς περὶ τὸν τράχηλον αὐτοῦ). They should be thrown or cast into the deep sea (καὶ βέβληται εἰς τὴν θάλασσαν). Causing the believing little children to sin meant it was better for that person to die in deep water with a heavy millstone around their neck. This millstone was a stone for grinding various grains. Luke never mentioned that they were believing little ones, just little ones. Have you ever caused little children to sin?
This parable story about the poor man Lazarus and an unnamed rich man is only found in Luke, but not in the other gospels. Luke indicated that Jesus said that the rich man called out (καὶ αὐτὸς φωνήσας εἶπεν) to Abraham, calling him father (Πάτερ Ἀβραάμ). He wanted Abraham to have mercy on him (ἐλέησόν με). He wanted him to send Lazarus (καὶ πέμψον Λάζαρον) to dip the tip of his finger (ἵνα βάψῃ τὸ ἄκρον τοῦ δακτύλου αὐτοῦ) in water (ὕδατος) to cool his tongue (καὶ καταψύξῃ τὴν γλῶσσάν μου) because he was suffering in agony (ὅτι ὀδυνῶμαι) from all those flames (ἐν τῇ φλογὶ ταύτῃ). Once again, Luke has a unique use among the biblical writers of the Greek word καταψύξῃ, meaning to cool or refresh. This rich man was suffering in a burning hell. He wanted Abraham to send Lazarus to make life easier for him. Are you afraid of a burning hell?
Luke uniquely said that the Lord, not Jesus, answered this synagogue leader (ἀπεκρίθη δὲ αὐτῷ ὁ Κύριος). He called them hypocrites (καὶ εἶπεν Ὑποκριταί) in the second person plural. He asked each of them (ἕκαστος ὑμῶν) whether they had untied their ox (οὐ λύει τὸν βοῦν αὐτοῦ) or donkey (ἢ τὸν ὄνον) from the stall or manger (ἀπὸ τῆς φάτνης) and led them away (καὶ ἀπαγαγὼν) to give them water (ποτίζει) on the Sabbath (τῷ σαββάτῳ)? Despite the sacredness of the Sabbath, they took care of their farm animals by providing water for them, as Jesus questioned how they handled their animals on the Sabbath. What are you Sabbath practices?
Luke said that while the young man was coming to Jesus (ἔτι δὲ προσερχομένου αὐτοῦ), the demon threw him down to the ground (ἔρρηξεν αὐτὸν τὸ δαιμόνιον) with convulsions (καὶ συνεσπάραξεν). But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit (πετίμησεν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἀκαθάρτῳ). He healed the boy (καὶ ἰάσατο τὸν παῖδα). He gave him back to his father (καὶ ἀπέδωκεν αὐτὸν τῷ πατρὶ αὐτοῦ). Both Matthew, chapter 17:18 and Luke here have a summary of a more detailed longer statement from Mark, chapter 9:20-27, about this mute epileptic boy. Mark said that they brought the boy to Jesus. However, when the evil spirit saw Jesus, it immediately convulsed the boy. The boy fell on the ground and began to roll around, foaming at the mouth. In fact, Jesus got to see what the father had described to him earlier. Jesus asked the father of this boy how long had these convulsions been happening to him. The father said that it had been happening since his childhood. This evil spirit would often cast him into both fire and water, as Matthew had mentioned, in order to destroy him. Then the father asked Jesus, if he was able to do anything to help his son. He wanted Jesus to have pity and compassion on him and his son. Jesus said to him that all things could be done for the one who believed. Belief was the key ingredient for any success in this area. The father of the child cried out that he believed, but he wanted help with his unbelief. This was a strong statement of belief that also recognized unbelief at the same time. Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit. He directly commanded this unclean evil spirit that had kept this boy from speaking and hearing to come out of him, never again to enter him. Jesus then got rid of the unclean spirit that was in this boy in a public act in front of a crowd. After crying out and terribly convulsing the boy with spasms, the evil spirit came out of the boy, who became a corpse. Most of the people said that the boy was dead. Could this boy live without the evil spirit in him? Jesus took the boy by the hand. He lifted him up, so that he rose up, and was able to stand up on his feet by himself. The boy was not dead. There was a clear equivalence between the illness of epilepsy and demonic possession. Once the devil or evil spirits had left the boy, he was cured of his various ailments. Have you ever dealt with an epileptic?
Luke said that, a spirit seized this young boy (καὶ ἰδοὺ πνεῦμα λαμβάνει αὐτόν). All at once (καὶ ἐξαίφνης), he shrieked or cried out (κράζει). This evil spirit convulsed him (καὶ σπαράσσει αὐτὸν) until he was foaming (μετὰ ἀφροῦ,). It bruised him (συντρῖβον αὐτόν), so that it would scarcely leave him alone (καὶ μόλις ἀποχωρεῖ ἀπ’ αὐτοῦ). This story of the man with the incurable epileptic son can be found in all 3 synoptic gospels, Matthew, chapter 17:15, Mark, chapter 9:18, and here in Luke, but there are differences in all 3 accounts. Apparently, this man’s son was an epileptic, possessed by the devil. This description of the young man’s suffering in Mark and Luke differed from Matthew, who had the child suffer very badly, falling into fire and water. However, Mark had even a more descriptive narrative of what was happening to this young man. He said that whenever the spirit seized him, it dashed or threw him down. This young boy would foam at the mouth. He would grind or gnash his teeth. He would become rigid as he was wasting or withering away. This sounded worse than Luke. Have you ever seen a person in an epileptic seizure?
Luke said that just then a man from the crowd shouted out (ἰδοὺ ἀνὴρ ἀπὸ τοῦ ὄχλου ἐβόησεν λέγων) “Teacher (Διδάσκαλε)!” He begged Jesus to look at his son (δέομαί σου ἐπιβλέψαι ἐπὶ τὸν υἱόν μου) who was his only child (ὅτι μονογενής μοί ἐστιν). Jesus and Luke had an affection for only children. This story of the man with the incurable son can be found in all 3 synoptic gospels, Matthew, chapter 17:15, Mark, chapter 9:17-18, and here in Luke, but there are minor differences in all 3 accounts. Mark said that it was someone from the crowd who spoke to Jesus, not a kneeling man as in Matthew. This man addressed Jesus as “Teacher (Διδάσκαλε),” like Luke, and not as “Lord (Κύριε)” as in Matthew. He had brought his son to Jesus because his son had a spirit that made him unable to speak. He was not immediately identified as an epileptic, but as a mute person. Matthew said that a man approached Jesus and knelt before him. Only Matthew has this man kneel in front of Jesus. Thus, this was a kneeling man, not someone from the crowd yelling out to Jesus. This man addressed Jesus as the Lord (Κύριε). He wanted Jesus to have mercy on his son, who was an epileptic, not mute. Epileptics were often considered to be possessed by the devil. Even today, we are still unsure of the exact cause of epilepsy seizures. This man’s son suffered very badly. He often fell into a fire and into water. Have you ever known a chronically sick child?
Luke said that the demons came out of that man (ἐξελθόντα δὲ τὰ δαιμόνια ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου). They entered the pigs (εἰσῆλθον εἰς τοὺς χοίρους). The whole swine herd rushed down the steep bank (καὶ ὥρμησεν ἡ ἀγέλη κατὰ τοῦ κρημνοῦ) into the lake (εἰς τὴν λίμνην), where they drowned (καὶ ἀπεπνίγη). All three synoptic gospels, Matthew, chapter 8:32, Mark, chapter 5:13, and Luke here, have Jesus cast out the demons into the nearby herd of pigs, with slight nuances in each story. Mark said that Jesus allowed these evil spirits to have what they wanted. However, Jesus showed his power. The unclean spirit demons left the demoniac and entered the herd of pigs. This herd then rushed down a steep bank into the sea. Mark was the only synoptic to mention the number of pigs, 2,000, who were drowned or died in the sea. Matthew said that Jesus then accommodated these evil spirits. He told them to leave the 2 humans and go into the swine or pigs, which the demons did. They entered the herd of pigs, but this herd then rushed down a steep bank into the sea, where they died in the water. There is one problem, pigs can swim, so some might have survived. Perhaps the unfamiliarity of these Jewish authors with pigs may have led to this harsh ending. Anyway, the pig herd, without a particular size or 2,000 of them as mentioned by Mark, with the unclean spirits, ran into the sea off a steep bank and perished. Have you ever seen anyone or any animal drown?
Luke indicated that Jesus asked his disciples (εἶπεν δὲ αὐτοῖς) where was their faith (Ποῦ ἡ πίστις ὑμῶν)? They were afraid (φοβηθέντες), but amazed (δὲ ἐθαύμασαν) at the same time. They said to one another (λέγοντες πρὸς ἀλλήλους). Who is this (Τίς ἄρα οὗτός ἐστιν) that commands (ἐπιτάσσει) even the winds (ὅτι καὶ τοῖς ἀνέμοις) and the water (καὶ τῷ ὕδατι)? Both the winds and the water obey him (καὶ ὑπακούουσιν αὐτῷ). This rebuke of Jesus can also be found in Matthew, chapter 8:26-27, and Mark, chapter 4:40-41, in a somewhat similar manner. Mark said that Jesus then turned to his followers and asked them why they were afraid? Was it because they still had no faith? Jesus called out his disciples for their lack of faith or trust, while showing his great power. Perhaps, this was a slap at some of the early Christian followers of Jesus, who lacked a strong belief in him. These male disciples of Jesus were filled with great fear or awe. They said to one another who is this man? Both the winds and the seas obey or listen to him. Matthew said that these disciples of Jesus marveled or were amazed at what they had just seen take place. They wondered out loud what kind of man that Jesus was? Both the winds and the seas obey him. Jesus was the Lord of nature and weather. Do you believe that Jesus can control the winds and the water?
Luke said that while they were sailing (πλεόντων δὲ αὐτῶν), Jesus fell asleep (ἀφύπνωσεν). Then a windstorm swept down on the lake (καὶ κατέβη λαῖλαψ ἀνέμου εἰς τὴν λίμνην). The boat was filling with water (καὶ συνεπληροῦντο), so that they were in danger (καὶ ἐκινδύνευον). This stormy boat ride episode can be found in Matthew, chapter 8:24, and Mark, chapter 4:37, somewhat the same as here. Matthew said that a great severe storm arouse, almost like an earthquake, while they were at sea. Their boat was being swamped with surging waves. However, Jesus was asleep, while this storm was hitting their boat. Mark said that a great severe windstorm came upon them, but there was no mention of an earthquake, as in Matthew. The waves of the sea were beating into the boat. Thus, the water was already filling up the boat, so that they were in real danger. Jesus was asleep as this great windstorm arouse on the Sea of Galilee. Have you ever been on a stormy boat ride?