Against Kedar (Jer 49:28-49:29)

“Concerning Kedar

With the kingdoms of Hazor

That King Nebuchadnezzar

Of Babylon


Thus says Yahweh.

‘Rise up!

Advance against Kedar!

Destroy the people of the east!

Take their tents!

Take their flocks!

Take their curtains!

Take all their goods!

Carry off their camels

For yourselves!

A cry shall go up.

‘Terror is all around!’”

Kedar was the second son of Ishmael, the step brother of Isaac. However, this biblical term was applied to a group of nomadic tribes in the northwest Arabian desert, east of the Jordan River and Ammon, in what is today Saudi Arabia. They were considered to be the people of the east, the Arabs. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon was going to defeat them. He was going to take their possessions since they had no buildings to burn. They were going to lose their tents, flocks, curtains, and most importantly their camels. They would cry out that terror was all around them. They had no fortresses to defend themselves. Both Kedar and Hazor were not restored, but left as wastelands.

Yahweh questions Job about rain (Job 38:25-38:27)

“Who has cut a channel for the torrents of rain?

Who has cut a way for the thunderbolt?

Who brings rain on a land where no one lives?

Who brings rain on the desert that is empty of human life?

Who brings rain to satisfy the waste and desolate land?

Who brings rain to make the ground put forth grass?”

Yahweh questions Job about rain. How does it get out of the heavens in great torrents? How does the thunderbolt get from heaven to earth? Why is there rain where no one lives? Why is there rain in wastelands and desolate lands with no humans? Why and how does rain make the grass grow? These are basic childlike questions about rain. Most people assumed that rain was only to help humans. This sounds like the question about whether if a tree falls in the forest and there is no human there to see or hear it, does it make a noise. This is certainly a human centric point of view versus a cosmic view of the earth.