If and when the Assyrians came into their land of Israel, the Israelites, would raise up against them. If these Assyrians treaded on their Israelite soil, they would have 7 shepherds, the full amount necessary, or 8 rulers, more than the perfect 7, to take care of the situation. They would, in fact, rule Assyria with a drawn sword. They would take over the land of Nimrod, another name for Assyria. They would be delivered from the Assyrians, if they tried to come into their land and walk across their border. This sounded like a strong warning, but were the Assyrians listening?
This later oracle of Yahweh assumed that the Israelites had been taken from their land in captivity. However, in this restoration, those plowing would be greater than those reaping. Those who treaded the grapes would be more than those sowing the seeds. There would be abundance and hope all around. The mountains and hills would drip and flow with abundant sweet wine. The Israelites would have their fortunes restored, so that they would rebuild their cities and inhabit them. They would plant vineyards and drink wine. They would plant gardens with lots of fruit. These Israelites would be planted on their own land, never to be plucked away again.