“Look at the proud!
Their spirit is not right
But the righteous
Live by their faith.
Wealth is treacherous.
Do not endure.
Their throats wide
As in Sheol.
Just like death,
They never have enough.
They gather all nations
As their own.”
Yahweh warned that these proud people would have a hard time, because their spirit was not right. The main theme of this simple response was that the righteous live by their faith. This idea that the righteous live by faith was a strong part of the apostle Paul in his Christian belief. On the other hand, wealth was treacherous for the greedy. Thus, the arrogant ones would not endure, because they were more open to the shadowy afterlife of Sheol. These greedy people never had enough. Just like death itself, they were always looking for more people. They had tried to gather all people and countries to themselves as their own, but they were never satisfied.
“But I say.
‘I pine away!
I pine away!
Woe is me!
The treacherous deal treacherously.
The treacherous deal very treacherously.’
Are upon you!
O inhabitant of the earth!
Whoever flees at the sound of the terror
Shall fall into the pit.
Whoever climbs out of the pit
Shall be caught in the snare.”
The mood changes quickly, as Isaiah pines away because he is worried about the violent treacherous people who deal very treacherously, just like we have today. They create terror as they set pits and snares to catch people. If you flee, you will fall into a pit. Even if you crawl out of the pit, you will be caught in a snare trap. There is no escape.
“The wise child loves discipline.
But a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.
From the fruit of their words,
Good persons eat good things.
But the desire of the treacherous is for violence.
Whoever guards their mouths preserves their lives.
Whoever opens wide their lips comes to ruin.
The appetite of the lazy craves,
But gets nothing.
The appetite of the diligent is richly supplied.”
The wise child loves discipline because it leads to knowledge. However, the lazy mocking scoffer does not listen to criticism. Good people eat good things because of the good fruit of their words. The treacherous only want violence. If you guard your mouth, you will preserve your life. However, if you open your mouth wide, it will only bring you ruin. The lazy people crave for food but they get nothing, while the appetite of the diligent gets richly supplied and satisfied.
“The thoughts of the righteous are just.
But the advice of the wicked is treacherous.
The words of the wicked are a deadly ambush.
But the speech of the upright delivers them.
The wicked are overthrown.
They are no more.
But the house of the righteous will stand.
One is commended for good sense.
But a perverse mind is despised.
Better to be a common despised man,
Who works for himself,
Than to be self important,
But lack food.
The righteous know the need of their animals.
But the mercy of the wicked is cruel.
Those who till their land will have plenty of food.
But those who follow worthless pursuits have no sense.”
Here we have a description of the righteous person. The thoughts of the righteous are just. On the other hand, the advice and the words of the wicked are treacherous and set an ambush. The upright speech of the righteous will help them to escape. Even though the wicked will be overthrown, the house of the righteous will continue to stand because they have good sense. The wicked are despised. It is better to work for yourself than pretend to be self important without any good. The righteous take good care of their animals. Even the mercy of the wicked is cruel. If you till the land, you will have plenty of food. However, if you pursuit worthless things, you are senseless.
“A false balance is an abomination to Yahweh.
But an accurate weight is his delight.
When pride comes,
Then disgrace comes.
But wisdom is with the humble.
The integrity of the upright guides them.
But the crookedness of the treacherous
Riches do not profit in the day of wrath.
But righteousness delivers from death.”
Yahweh wants integrity in humans. They should not use a false scale, but have accurate weights in their business dealings. Pride brings disgrace while humility is wise. Integrity should be your guide, as it is for the upright, because the crookedness of the treacherous destroys them. On the day of wrath, riches will not be worth much, but righteousness will deliver you from death.
“Cast your burden on Yahweh!
He will sustain you.
He will never permit
The righteous to be moved.
Will cast them down into the lowest pit.
The bloodthirsty and treacherous
Shall not live out half their days.
But I will trust in you.”
This psalm ends with the comparison between those who trust in God, David, and the bloodthirsty and treacherous enemies, the foes, and the traitors to David. Yahweh will sustain David. He will not be moved. However, he wanted God to send his enemies to the pit, the grave, death. He wanted them to live out only half their days. David trusted in Yahweh. He wanted his foes gone, dead.
“Those who withhold kindness from a friend
Reject the fear of the Almighty Shaddai.
My companions are as treacherous as a flood.
My companions are like streams of water that pass away.
They are like dark spots on ice.
They are like murky spots on melting snow.
In time of heat they disappear.
When it is hot,
They vanish from their place.
The caravans turn aside from their course.
They go up into the waste.
The caravans of Tema look.
The travelers of Sheba hope.
They are disappointed
Because they were confident.
They come there
But they are confused.”
Job then turned on his 3 companions. He said that they were not so friendly. However, they did come to spend some time with him. He, however, called them treacherous. He compared them to a flood of water, an uncontrolled stream of water. He also compared them to a flash flood. In other words, they were like quick and destructive flows of water. He also compared them to dark ice and murky snow in that when it got hot, they would disappear. Then he compared them to caravans from Tema, an Arab tribe descendent from Ishmael, and Sheba that got lost in the desert. Both these caravans in ancient times were very confident but in the end they were confused. Job was comparing his 3 friends to these lost confusing caravans. They were not helping him with their torrent of confusing words.
“Nicanor came to Judas. They greeted one another peaceably. However, the enemy was preparing to seize Judas. It became known to Judas that Nicanor had come to him with a treacherous intent. Judas was afraid of him and would not meet him again. When Nicanor learned that his plan had been disclosed, he went out to meet Judas in battle near Caphar-salama. About five hundred men of the army of Nicanor fell. The rest fled into the city of David.”
Nicanor met Judas peacefully. They were about to seize Judas at a second meeting, when Judas found out about it. Once there was no second peaceful meeting, a battle broke out near Caphar-salama, about 5 miles northeast of Jerusalem. Judas and his men killed 500 of the army of Nicanor. The rest fled to the city of David, Jerusalem, since Judas and his group controlled the countryside.
“King Demetrius chose Bacchides, one of the king’s friends, who was the governor of the province Beyond the River. He was a great man in the kingdom who was faithful to the king. King Demetrius sent him, and with him the ungodly Alcimus, whom he made high priest. He commanded him to take vengeance on the Israelites. Thus they marched away and came with a large force into the land of Judah. He sent messengers to Judas and his brothers with peaceable but treacherous words. However, they paid no attention to their words, for they saw that they had come with a large force.”
King Demetrius I chose the governor of the Province Beyond the River, which had its headquarters in Samaria from the old Persian days. This province extended west of the Euphrates River to Egypt. Bacchides was also a faithful friend of the king who brought with him the renegade Alcimus. Somehow, this non-Jewish person made Alcimus a high priest of the Jews, which did not make much sense. His orders were to take vengeance on the Israelites with a large force. However, Bacchides sent peaceable words to Judas Maccabeus and his brothers. Judas and his brothers were not fooled. They saw them as treacherous since Bacchides came with a large armed force.