“You know them
By their fruits.
Are grapes gathered
From thorn bushes?
Are figs gathered
ἀπὸ τῶν καρπῶν αὐτῶν ἐπιγνώσεσθε αὐτούς. μήτι συλλέγουσιν ἀπὸ ἀκανθῶν σταφυλὰς ἢ ἀπὸ τριβόλων σῦκα;
This saying of Jesus is somewhat similar to Luke, chapter 6:44-45, perhaps indicating a Q source. Jesus told his disciples, via Matthew, that they would know or discern people by their fruits (ἀπὸ τῶν καρπῶν αὐτῶν ἐπιγνώσεσθε αὐτούς). Then he asked the question whether grapes could be gathered from thorn bushes (μήτι συλλέγουσιν ἀπὸ ἀκανθῶν σταφυλὰς) or figs gathered from thistles (ἢ ἀπὸ τριβόλων σῦκα). Certain kinds of fruits only come from certain kinds of trees. Thus, you can tell what kind of tree it is by its fruit.
Like a twig
On the face
Of the waters.
The high places of Aven,
The sin of Israel,
Shall be destroyed.
Shall grow up
On their altars.
They shall say
To the mountains.
They shall say
To the hills.
‘Fall upon us!’”
The king of Samaria, the northern king of Israel, would perish like a twig floating on water. The idol high places at Beth-aven, near Bethel, would be destroyed. These idol worship places were the real sin of Israel. Thorns and thistles would grow on these false idol altars. The people and these altars would cry to have the mountains and the hills fall on them and cover them up. There would be great destruction in northern Israel, especially around the various idol worship altars and shrines.
“Thorns shall grow over Edom’s strongholds.
Nettles shall be in its fortresses.
Thistles shall be in its fortresses.
It shall be the haunt of jackals.
It shall be an abode for ostriches.
Wildcats shall meet with hyenas.
Goat-demons shall cry to each other.
There too Lilith shall repose.
It shall find a place to rest.
There shall the owl nest.
The owl lays there.
The owl hatches its brood in its shadow.
There too the buzzards shall gather.
Each one shall have her mate.”
This terrible place of Edom will have thorn bushes growing in its strongholds, with nettles and thistles in these fortresses. A number of menacing odd animals will live there, the jackal wolf dogs, the ostriches, the wildcats, and the hyenas. On top of that there will be demon like goats and the ancient monster female demon Lilith. Strangely enough, the menacing owls are also there to rest and nest their young ones. Of course, there would be the ever threatening buzzards with their mates.