Edom has suffered like as if thieves had come to them at night. However, these robbers would only take what they wanted. Unlike grape-gatherers who leave gleanings for the poor, these attackers have pillaged Edom and taken its treasures. It was their own allies that deceived Edom. They drove them out of their own country to the border. Their former friends had prevailed against them. The very people, who they used to sit down to break bread with, were the ones who set the trap for them. Who could understand such a thing?
Here the attack on Babylon is not from one country, but a series of countries, all from the north, as usual. Yahweh was going to stir up these attackers. Their arrows would be like those of skilled archers. Chaldea would be plundered so that everyone would have their fill.