The attack of the king of the south (Dan 11:7-11:9)

“In those times,

A branch from her roots

Shall rise up

In his place.

He shall come

Against the army.

He shall enter the fortress

Of the king of the north.

He shall take action

Against them.

He shall prevail.

He shall carry off

To Egypt

Even their gods,

With their idols,

With their precious vessels

Of silver,

Of gold,

As spoils of war.

For some years,

He shall refrain

From attacking

The king of the north.

Then the latter

Shall invade

The realm

Of the king of the south.

But he shall return

To his own land.”

The southern King Ptolemy III (247-221 BCE) attacked the northern King Seleucus II (246-225 BCE). Ptolemy III would enter the fortress of the king of the north, as he would be successful. He would take their spoils and booty back to Egypt, including the idols of their gods, as well as their precious silver and gold vessels. There were a few years of peace, but then the northern King Seleucus II attacked the south unsuccessfully and returned home.

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The defeat of Apollonius (1 Macc 3:10-3:12)

“Apollonius now gathered together gentiles and a large force from Samaria to fight against Israel. When Judas learned of it, he went out to meet him. He defeated and killed him. Many were wounded and fell. The rest fled. Then they seized their spoils. Judas took the sword of Apollonius. He used it in battle the rest of his life.”

Apparently this Apollonius was the governor of Samaria. He gathered a group of gentiles in Samaria, which normally did not like Judea anyway. Judas Maccabeus then out to battle, defeated, and killed him. He seized the spoils of the group around Apollonius including his sword, which he seems to like so much that he used in future battles.