“Brother will betray
A father will betray
Children will rise
Against their parents.
They will have them
Put to death.”
παραδώσει δὲ ἀδελφὸς ἀδελφὸν εἰς θάνατον καὶ πατὴρ τέκνον, καὶ ἐπαναστήσονται τέκνα ἐπὶ γονεῖς καὶ θανατώσουσιν αὐτούς.
Mark 13:12 has a similar saying, word for word as found in Matthew. This was also similar to Micah, chapter 7:6, where the prophet warned that they should not trust anyone. He said that the son was treating his father with contempt. The daughter was against her mother. The daughter-in-law was against her mother-in-law. Their worst enemies were not outside, but in their very own house. This was a time and a place where you could not trust anyone, even your friends, family, and lovers. You had to be careful with everyone. Jesus, via Matthew, seems to indicate the same thing. Brother would betray or hand over his brother to death (παραδώσει δὲ ἀδελφὸς ἀδελφὸν εἰς θάνατον). A father would hand over or betray his child to death (καὶ πατὴρ τέκνον). Children would rise up against their parents (ἐπαναστήσονται τέκνα ἐπὶ γονεῖς). They would have them put to death (καὶ θανατώσουσιν αὐτούς). Family disputes would arise over Jesus.
“I said to their children
In the wilderness.
‘Do not follow
Of your parents!
Do not observer
Do not defile yourselves
With their idols!’”
Yahweh had warned the children of Israel during the wilderness travel. They were not to follow the statutes of their parents, since Yahweh was going to give them new ones. These young children were not to observe the various ordinances and customs of their parents that they had followed in Egypt. Finally, they were not to defile themselves with the Egyptian idols of their parents.
“Do not slight the discourse of the sages.
Busy yourself with their maxims.
Because from them
You will gain discipline.
You will learn how to serve princes.
Do not ignore the discourse of the aged.
They themselves learned from their parents.
You learn how to understand.
You learn how to give an answer
When the need arises.”
Like many of the biblical writings, there is a respect for the past. In particular, there is a great respect for the oral tradition of those with great experience. Therefore you should listen to the maxims and sayings of the wise old sages. You will learn disciple and how to serve the various rulers. Do not ignore the conversations of the old people since they have learned many of these things from their parents. From them, you should learn how to understand and give an answer at the appropriate time.
“The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice.
He who begets a wise son will be glad in him.
Let your father and mother be glad.
Let her who bore you rejoice.
Give me your heart.
Let your eyes observe my ways.”
The father of a righteous child should rejoice. If you have a wise son, both the mother and the father should be glad. Children should give their heart to their parents. They should let their eyes observe the good ways of their parents.
“Then Jonathan came to Jerusalem. He read the letter in the hearing of all the people, including the men in the citadel. They were greatly alarmed when they heard that the king had given Jonathan authority to recruit troops. However, the men in the citadel released the hostages to Jonathan as he returned them to their parents.”
The first thing that Jonathan did was to go to Jerusalem to get the release of all the prisoners from the citadel there, which was still held by the Syrians. The guards were astonished and alarmed that the king had given Jonathan the authority to recruit troops. Nevertheless, the people in the prison were released to Jonathan and their families.