“‘Long ago you broke your yoke.
You burst your bonds.
‘I will not serve.’
On every high hill,
Under every green tree,
You played the whore.
Yet I planted you
As a choice vine.
You were from the purest stock.
How then did you turn degenerate?
How did you become a wild vine?
Though you wash yourself with lye,
Even if you use much soap,
The stain of your guilt is still before me.’
Says Yahweh God.”
Jeremiah has another oracle of Yahweh about the unfaithfulness of Israel. It is just not recently. Long ago, they threw off the yoke of Yahweh and burst out of their bonds, since they said that they would not serve. They ran to every high mountain and under the green oak trees to worship false gods. They lay there sprawling and playing the whore or prostitute. Yahweh had planted them as a vineyard from the purest stock. However, they had become degenerate and a wild vine. No amount of lye or soap could cleanse them from this stain of guilt. What was he to do with these unfaithful Israelites?
“Why do the nations conspire?
Why do the peoples plot in vain?
The kings of the earth set themselves.
The rulers take counsel together.
They are against Yahweh
And his anointed.
‘Let us burst their bonds asunder.
Let us cast their cords from us.’”
Psalm 2 is about the universal kingdom of Yahweh and his anointed one who will rule the world until the end of the kingdom. Once again, there is no introduction. Christians have picked up on the anointed one as the messianic king of Israel, which of course they see as Jesus the anointed one, the Christ. This psalm was even cited as a psalm of David in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 4, although there is no notation as such on this psalm. This work about Yahweh and his anointed king is considered a royal psalm. If written during the time of the captivity in the 6th century BCE, it would be about an ideal anointed king to come, not a current king. The various nations and people of the earth, the non-Israelites, took counsel, conspired, and plotted in vain against Yahweh and his anointed king. They were trying to figure out how to burst their bonds apart. They wanted to be rid of the yoke of the great King Yahweh.