Preaching repentance (Mk 6:12-6:12)

“Thus,

The twelve went out.

They proclaimed

That all people

Should repent.”

 

Καὶ ἐξελθόντες ἐκήρυξαν ἵνα μετανοῶσιν,

 

There is no equivalent to this saying of Mark, as he explained their mission.  Mark said that the 12 apostles went out (Καὶ ἐξελθόντες).  They proclaimed or preached (ἐκήρυξαν) that all people should repent, have a change of heart or a metanoia (ἵνα μετανοῶσιν), just like John the Baptist and Jesus had done.  These 12 apostles were to continue the work and preaching of Jesus.

 

The other later writings

Usually included with the writings of the Bible is the story of Daniel, from the 6th-2th century BCE.  The story of the return from the exile can be found in Ezra-Nehemiah, a 4th century BCE writing.  Finally, the work of Chronicles, 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles, from the 5th–3rd century BCE rounded out the Hebrew Bible.

The conclusion of Haggai (Hag 2:14-2:14)

“Then Haggai said.

‘So is it with this people,

With this nation before me.

Says Yahweh.

So is it

With every work

Of their hands.

What they offer there

Is unclean.’”

Haggai explained the situation about the people of Israel, the nation before him.  He said that Yahweh felt the same way about all the work of their hands because of their uncleanness.  Whatever they offered up would be unclean also.

The curses (Jer 48:10-48:10)

“Cursed be

The one

Who is slack

In doing

The work of Yahweh!

Cursed be

The one

Who keeps back

The sword

From bloodshed.”

Jeremiah seems to indicate here that you should not be slack in doing the work of Yahweh. Since the work of Yahweh here is killing the Moabites, holding back your sword from bringing bloodshed would mean that you would be cursed also.

The unjust king and his house (Jer 22:13-22:14)

“Woe to him

Who builds his house

With unrighteousness!

Woe to him

Who builds his upper rooms

With injustice!

Woe to him

Who makes his neighbors

Work for nothing!

Woe to him

Who does not give them

Their wages!

Woe to him

Who says

‘I will build myself

A spacious house

With large upper rooms.’

He cuts out windows for it.

He panels it with cedar.

He paints it with vermilion.”

This seems to be a swipe at King Jehoiakim or King Eliakim (609-598 BCE) who was put in charge by the Egyptian king. Apparently, he decided to expand the palace using Egyptian styles, like large upper rooms, lots of windows, paneled cedar, and vermilion paint. Jeremiah seems to censure him for building this great palace with injustice and unrighteousness, since he did not correctly pay the people who did the work.

The righteous people (Isa 60:21-60:22)

“Your people shall all be righteous.

They shall possess the land forever.

They are the shoot

That I planted.

They are the work of my hands.

Thus I might be glorified.

The least of them

Shall become a clan.

The smallest one

Shall become a mighty nation.

I am Yahweh.

In its time,

I will accomplish it quickly.”

Yahweh, in the first person singular, says that all his people will be righteous and possess the land forever. They are the shoots that he has planted, the work of his hands, so that he could be glorified. The least of them will become a clan and the smallest a mighty nation. Yahweh ends by saying it will take time, but it will be done quickly.

The curses (Isa 45:9-45:10)

“Woe to you

Who strive with your Maker!

Woe to you

Earthen vessels who strive

With the potter!

Does the clay say

To the one him who fashions it?

‘What are you making?’

Does it say?

‘Your work has no handles.’

Woe to anyone

Who says to a father!

‘What are you begetting?’

Woe to anyone

Who says to a woman!

‘With what are you in labor with?’”

This curse is the only time in Second Isaiah that any curse appears. Yahweh was against anyone who talks back to their maker. We are all clay. Do not ask your potter, what are you making? Do not complain about the work made by others that does not have handles. You do not ask your father what he is begetting. The same thing applies to a woman in labor. You do not ask her with what is she in labor with?