great number of people
δὲ αὐτῷ πολὺ πλῆθος τοῦ λαοῦ καὶ γυναικῶν αἳ ἐκόπτοντο καὶ ἐθρήνουν αὐτόν.
Only Luke uniquely said that a
great number of people followed Jesus (Ἠκολούθει δὲ αὐτῷ πολὺ πλῆθος τοῦ λαοῦ),
especially women (καὶ γυναικῶν) who were beating their breasts (αἳ ἐκόπτοντο) and
wailing for Jesus (καὶ ἐθρήνουν αὐτόν). These
women were in mourning for Jesus who was about to die, but not yet dead. According to Jewish custom, these women of
Jerusalem were there to prepare beverages for the condemned men. There was nothing about the women following
Jesus in the other gospel stories. Do
you think that it was a good idea to have women follow Jesus?
“There were also women
From a distance.
Among them were
Of James the younger,
And of Joseph,
Ἦσαν δὲ καὶ γυναῖκες ἀπὸ μακρόθεν θεωροῦσαι, ἐν αἷς καὶ Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ Μαρία ἡ Ἰακώβου τοῦ μικροῦ καὶ Ἰωσῆτος μήτηρ καὶ Σαλώμη,
This is similar to Matthew, chapter 27:55-56. In Luke, chapter 23:49, there was a mention of the women from Galilee, but without their specific names. In John, chapter 19:25-27, there was a mention of the mother of Jesus, Mary, the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene, as well as a conversation, but no mention of Galilee. Mark said that some women were also there (Ἦσαν δὲ καὶ γυναῖκες). They were looking on from a distance (ἀπὸ μακρόθεν θεωροῦσαι), which would have been their normal role. Mark specifically mentioned Mary Magdalene (ἐν αἷς ἦν Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ), Mary, the mother of James the younger and Joseph (καὶ Μαρία ἡ Ἰακώβου τοῦ μικροῦ καὶ Ἰωσῆτος μήτηρ), as well as Salome (καὶ Σαλώμη). Was Salome the mother of the sons of Zebedee? Certainly, there were a lot of women called Mary, since it was the most popular name of Palestinian Jewish women at the time of Jesus. There probably were 8 different women with the name of Mary in the 61 times that the name Mary was mentioned in the New Testament. First was (1) Mary, the mother of Jesus, who was not mentioned here. Next there was (2) Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, who also was not mentioned here. (3) Mary of Clopas was mentioned in John, but not here. Then there was Mary Magdalene (4), who was mentioned here. Finally, there were the more confusing Marys. (5) Mary, the mother of James the younger and Joseph, who was mentioned here. (6) Perhaps the mother of the Zebedee brothers was also named Mary or Mary Salome. Finally (7) Mary, the mother of John Mark was mentioned in Acts, chapter 12:12, while (8) Mary in Rome, was mentioned in Paul’s letter to the Romans, chapter 16:6. There was also an English novel by Bruce Marshall (1899-1987) called The Other Mary from 1927, based on the New Testament.