Was still speaking,
One of the twelve,
They had swords
The chief priests,
And the elders.”
Καὶ εὐθὺς ἔτι αὐτοῦ λαλοῦντος παραγίνεται ὁ Ἰούδας εἷς τῶν δώδεκα, καὶ μετ’ αὐτοῦ ὄχλος μετὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ ξύλων παρὰ τῶν ἀρχιερέων καὶ τῶν γραμματέων καὶ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων.
This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 26:46. Luke, chapter 22:47, is somewhat similar, but does not mention the Jewish religious groups. John, chapter 18:2-3, is more detailed, since he mentioned the police and a detachment of soldiers, as well as the Pharisees. Mark said that immediately as Jesus was still speaking (Καὶ εὐθὺς ἔτι αὐτοῦ λαλοῦντος), Judas, one of the 12 apostles, arrived on the scene (παραγίνεται ὁ Ἰούδας εἷς τῶν δώδεκα). He had with him a large crowd of people (καὶ μετ’ αὐτοῦ ὄχλος) with swords (μετὰ μαχαιρῶν) and clubs (καὶ ξύλων). Mark seems to indicate that the chief priests (παρὰ τῶν ἀρχιερέων), the Scribes (καὶ τῶν γραμματέων) and the elders or presbyters (καὶ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων) were there, while Matthew had these religious leaders sending the crowd. Apparently, these leaders were expecting some resistance from Jesus and his followers. Thus, they had a large armed group of people with Judas. In John’s more descriptive account, Judas knew where to find Jesus because they had often been there at this place. He said that they also brought lanterns and torches. Mark and the other gospel writers never mentioned the Sadducees, while only John mentioned the Pharisees, and Mark was the only one to mention the Scribes.
“Jesus sat down.
He called the twelve.
He said to them.
‘Whoever wants to be first,
Must be last.
He must be
The servant of all.”
καὶ καθίσας ἐφώνησεν τοὺς δώδεκα καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς Εἴ τις θέλει πρῶτος εἶναι, ἔσται πάντων ἔσχατος καὶ πάντων διάκονος.
Mark has this unique response of Jesus. He said that Jesus sat down (καὶ καθίσας) and called the twelve apostles (ἐφώνησεν τοὺς δώδεκα). He then told them (καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς) that whoever wanted or desired to be first (Εἴ τις θέλει πρῶτος εἶναι), must be last (ἔσται πάντων ἔσχατος). This leader must serve all (καὶ πάντων διάκονος) in this deacon servant leadership style. Jesus was calling for serving and helping leaders who were not putting themselves first. Something Christian leaders should think about more often.
The twelve went out.
That all people
Καὶ ἐξελθόντες ἐκήρυξαν ἵνα μετανοῶσιν,
There is no equivalent to this saying of Mark, as he explained their mission. Mark said that the 12 apostles went out (Καὶ ἐξελθόντες). They proclaimed or preached (ἐκήρυξαν) that all people should repent, have a change of heart or a metanoia (ἵνα μετανοῶσιν), just like John the Baptist and Jesus had done. These 12 apostles were to continue the work and preaching of Jesus.
To send them out
Two by two.
He gave them authority
Over the unclean spirits.”
Καὶ προσκαλεῖται τοὺς δώδεκα, καὶ ἤρξατο αὐτοὺς ἀποστέλλειν δύο, καὶ ἐδίδου αὐτοῖς ἐξουσίαν τῶν πνευμάτων τῶν ἀκαθάρτων,
This section about the authority and mission of the 12 disciples or apostles is similar to Matthew, chapter 10:1 and Luke, chapter 9:1. Mark said that Jesus summoned or called (Καὶ προσκαλεῖται) his 12 apostles (τοὺς δώδεκα). He began to send them out two by two (καὶ ἤρξατο αὐτοὺς ἀποστέλλειν δύο δύο). He gave them authority over unclean or impure spirits (καὶ ἐδίδου αὐτοῖς ἐξουσίαν τῶν πνευμάτων τῶν ἀκαθάρτων). Thus, they could cast out or banish these evil spirits or demons, but there was no mention of curing diseases, illnesses, sicknesses, or weakness, just casting out the evil spirits that might have been the cause of their illnesses. Jesus was giving his own power or authority to cast out evil spirits to these 12 apostles. This was a big deal. The number 12 corresponded to the number of sons of Jacob or the 12 tribes of Israel. Jesus thus established these 12 apostles to carry on his work in casting out evil spirits.
There was Simon
Whom he named Peter.”
καὶ ἐποίησεν τοὺς δώδεκα, καὶ ἐπέθηκεν ὄνομα τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρον·
This section about the names of the 12 apostles is similar to Mathew, chapter 10:2-4 and Luke, chapter 6:13-16. This list can also be compared to the list in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 1:13. Mark said that Jesus appointed these 12 disciples as apostles (καὶ ἐποίησεν τοὺς δώδεκα). First of all, there was Simon, known as Peter (καὶ ἐπέθηκεν ὄνομα τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρον). Mark indicated that Simon’s name of Peter came from Jesus. It is interesting that his brother Andrew was not listed here as in in the other listings in Matthew and Luke, since his calling was linked with his brother Simon in Mark, chapter 1:16-17. Instead, he was listed with the other apostles later. Why did Andrew not make the cut with his brother Simon here?
“Then one of the twelve,
Who was called
Went to the chief priests.”
Τότε πορευθεὶς εἷς τῶν δώδεκα, ὁ λεγόμενος Ἰούδας Ἰσκαριώτης, πρὸς τοὺς ἀρχιερεῖς
This is almost word for word in Mark, chapter 14:10, and somewhat similar in Luke, chapter 22:3-5, and in John, chapter 13:2, where Satan played a role. Here in Matthew, there is just the simple statement that the man called Judas Iscariot (ὁ λεγόμενος Ἰούδας Ἰσκαριώτης), one of the beloved 12 leaders or apostles (εἷς τῶν δώδεκα) went to the chief priests (Τότε πορευθεὶς…πρὸς τοὺς ἀρχιερεῖς). Apparently, according to John, chapter 12:6, Judas had been in charge of their common money, but he was stealing from this fund. Thus, there may have been financial reasons or greed pushing Judas to betray Jesus. John seems to be much more vehemently opposed to Judas.