“Adjoining the territory
From the east side
To the west side,
Once again, in a very summary fashion of east to west, the territory of Ephraim was next to Manasseh. This then would be a clear indication that this is the west Jordan area, since Ephraim did not have any territory on the east side of the Jordan River. Obviously, this is a very short summary of what appeared in Joshua, chapter 16.
“The allotment of the descendants of Joseph went from the Jordan by Jericho, east of the waters of Jericho, into the wilderness, going up from Jericho into the hill country to Bethel. Then going from Bethel to Luz, it passes along to Ataroth, the territory of the Archites. Then it goes down westward to the territory of the Japhletites, as far as the territory of Lower Beth-horon, then to Gezer and it ends at the sea. The people of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim, received their inheritance.”
The tribe of Joseph with its two descendents will get a large portion of the northern country. There is an odd mention of two strange groups, the Archites and Japhletites, who are not mentioned elsewhere. I cannot tell whether they were friendly or not to the Israelites.
“The territory of the Ephraimites by their families was as follows. The boundary of their inheritance on the east was Ataroth-addar as far as Upper Beth-horon. The boundary goes from there to the sea. On the north is Michmethath. Then on the east the boundary makes a turn toward Taanath-shiloh, and passes along beyond it on the east to Janoah. Then it goes down from Janoah to Ataroth and to Naarah, and touches Jericho, ending at the Jordan. From Tappuah the boundary goes westward to the Wadi Kanah, and ends at the sea. Such is the inheritance of the tribe of the Ephraimites by their families, together with the towns that were set apart for the Ephraimites within the inheritance of the Manassites, all those towns with their villages. They did not, however, drive out the Canaanites that lived in Gezer. So the Canaanites have lived within Ephraim to this day but have been made to do forced labor.”
The tribe of Ephraim has the southern part of the allotment. Benjamin and Dan will be squeezed into the territory between Ephraim and Judah. Michmethath will separate Ephraim from Manasseh. Somehow some of the towns of Manasseh was to be given to the Ephraimites. There were Canaanites living in Gezer, but they were slaves.