Second Isaiah, chapter 42:2-4, described this servant of Yahweh. He would not cry nor lift up his voice in the streets. He would not break the bruised reeds nor put out a dimly burning wick on a candle. In other words, he would be a very quiet person. However, he would fight for justice. He would not be faint or crushed, until he has established justice on the whole earth. Matthew clearly applied this description to Jesus since Jesus would not quarrel or be contentious (οὐκ ἐρίσει). Jesus would not cry out or shout (οὐδὲ κραυγάσει). They would not hear Jesus’ voice in the streets (οὐδὲ ἀκούσει τις ἐν ταῖς πλατείαις τὴν φωνὴν αὐτοῦ). Jesus would not break a bruised reed into pieces (κάλαμον συντετριμμένον οὐ κατεάξει). Jesus would not quench a smoldering wick on a candle (καὶ λίνον τυφόμενον οὐ σβέσει). Jesus would bring justice to victory (ἕως ἂν ἐκβάλῃ εἰς νῖκος τὴν κρίσιν). In the name of Jesus (καὶ τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ), the gentile nations would hope (ἔθνη ἐλπιοῦσιν). There was no doubt in the mind of Matthew that Jesus was the servant of Yahweh from Isaiah.
The 2 coastal cities of Tyre and Sidon, in present day Lebanon, thought that they were wise. They had built fortresses to protect themselves. They had so much silver and gold that it was like dust or dirt on the streets. However, Yahweh was going to strip them of their possessions, by hurling their wealth into the sea. The city of Tyre would also suffer a devouring fire.
Nahum continued with his vivid descriptions of the chaos in Nineveh, truly a city of bloodshed. They had become very deceitful with lots of stolen booty, since they had plundered everywhere. However, now there were whips cracking, wheels rumbling, horses galloping, chariots bouncing, and charging cavalry with flashing swords and glittering spears. Of course, there were a lot of dead people all over the place also. There were piles and heaps of dead corpses without end. These dead bodies were so numerous that people stumbled over them in the streets.
Nahum gave a vivid colorful description of the actions in Nineveh. The shields of the warriors in Nineveh would be red with blood. The clothes of their soldiers were scarlet from the blood. The metal from the chariots flashed from the sunlight, as the men followed behind. The chargers were prancing around, while the chariots raced madly through the streets, going back and forth from the squares. They were like torches darting in and out, almost like lightning. When they called their officers, they came out stumbling along. They ran to the wall where the protective screens or mantelet was set up. In other words, the soldiers and their officers with their chariots were in a state of chaos.
Micah did not want his enemies to rejoice because he was going to rise again, just like Israel itself. When Micah was in darkness, Yahweh was his light. He was suffering the judgment of Yahweh, because of his sins. However, Yahweh was going to vindicate him. At that point, his enemies would be put to shame. Those who had taunted him about his God Yahweh, would be stamped on in the streets, like stinky mud or mire.
Anyone left standing in Israel would fling their silver into the streets. Their gold would be treated as if it were unclean, not to be touched. Their silver and gold could not save them on the day of the wrath of Yahweh. This gold and silver would not satisfy their hunger or fill their stomachs. In fact, their gold and silver would be a stumbling block that indicated their iniquity.
This verse speaks in the first person plural, referring to the people of Jerusalem. Their enemies persisted in watching them walking, so that they could not step out into the streets. Their end was near. Their days were numbered. Their end had come. They would be no more. This verse starts with the Hebrew consonant letter Cade in this acrostic poem.
These leaders wandered blindly through the streets defiled with the blood of the righteous. Thus no one was able to touch their garments. This verse starts with the Hebrew consonant letter Nun in this acrostic poem.
This lamentation begins with talk about the dimming gold and sacred stones scattered all over the streets, especially at the head of the street or the street corners. This is a reference to the holy treasures and vessels of the Temple that have been stolen due to the attack on Jerusalem. This first verse of this single verse acrostic poem starts with the Hebrew consonant letter Aleph. Each verse after this will use the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
Now this poem turns to the author of this work as he was personally weeping. His stomach was churning, so that he was throwing up. He was upset because of the destruction of his people. Infants and babies were fainting in the streets of this desolate city. Once again, we have a personal bleak picture of the wasted city of Jerusalem describing the remaining helpless young people. This verse starts with the Hebrew consonant letter Kaph. Each verse after this will use the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet in this acrostic poem.