This author said, “These three are the Spirit (τὸ Πνεῦμα), the water (καὶ τὸ ὕδωρ), and the blood (καὶ τὸ αἷμα). These three agree (καὶ οἱ τρεῖς εἰς τὸ ἕν εἰσιν).” Clearly, the accepted Greek text does not mention the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit who are one. Instead, it says that the Spirit, the water, and the blood agree or are one. The Holy Spirit never left Jesus while he was here on earth. The water of the baptism of John the Baptist has become the baptismal waters with the Holy Spirit. The blood or the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross is the final human moment of Jesus Christ. Yet all are one, united together, and agree that the Spirit, the water, and the blood are what Jesus Christ was here on earth about. He was divine all the time, yet a true human being all the time. Without the divine infusion, we are simply looking at a mere breath, a few drops of water, and spilt blood. With the divine infusion, we have Jesus Christ with the Holy Spirit, blessed in human water, suffering and dying on a cross to redeem all the other humans, past, present, or future. What do spirit, water, and blood mean to you?
Paul said, “But if (εἰ) you are led (ἄγεσθε) by the Spirit (δὲ Πνεύματι ἄγεσθε), you are not under the law (οὐκ ἐστὲ ὑπὸ νόμον).” Next Paul made a connection between the fleshy human condition and the law, not the Holy Spirit. If you were led by the Spirit, then you were not subject to the law, the holy Torah. The new Spirit of Christ did not have anything to do with the old law. The Holy Spirit was not confined to the law. Do you live by the Spirit or the law?
Both Matthew, chapter 4:1, and Mark, chapter 1:12, have the Holy Spirit lead Jesus into the desert, just like here. However, John has nothing about the temptations of Jesus at all. Luke said that Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit (Ἰησοῦς δὲ πλήρης Πνεύματος Ἁγίου). He had returned from the Jordan River (ὑπέστρεψεν ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἰορδάνου). Then he was led by the Spirit (καὶ ἤγετο ἐν τῷ Πνεύματι) into the wilderness or desert (ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ). Having just received the Holy Spirit after his baptism with John at Jordan River, Jesus was full of this Holy Spirit. This same Spirit led or drove Jesus out into the wilderness. All three accounts of the synoptic gospels put the temptations of Jesus in the wilderness. The Israelites had been in the wilderness during their Exodus from Egypt. John the Baptist was also preaching and baptizing in the desert wilderness. The wilderness or the desert was a place of terror, not civilized. The Holy Spirit and God the Father wanted Jesus to experience the difficulties of this desolate arid land. Why was Jesus tempted? God, the Father, Yahweh, often tested the righteous ones and the prophets in the Hebrew Bible. Luke and Matthew are similar with their detailed account of these temptations, while Mark has only a summary statement about them.
There is something similar in Mark, chapter 12:35-37, and Luke, chapter 20:41-44, almost word for word. Jesus said to these Pharisees (λέγει αὐτοῖς). What did David mean when, inspired by the Spirit, he called the future Messiah, a son of David, “Lord” (Πῶς οὖν Δαυεὶδ ἐν Πνεύματι καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον λέγω). Jesus then cited Psalm 110:1, where David said that the Lord said to his Lord to sit at his right hand (Εἶπεν Κύριος τῷ Κυρίῳ μου Κάθου ἐκ δεξιῶν μου). He should sit there until he put all his enemies under his feet (ἕως ἂν θῶ τοὺς ἐχθρούς σου ὑποκάτω τῶν ποδῶν σου). Jesus then posed the big question. How can David call the Messiah Lord (εἰ οὖν Δαυεὶδ καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον) if he is the son of David (πῶς υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ἐστιν)? This is a trick question. Why would David call his future son or descendant his own Lord, master, or greater than him? The response was that Jesus, the Son of Man, and descendant of David, was greater than David. Peter repeated this citation of Psalm 110 in his preaching in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2:34-35, also.
Yahweh told Ezekiel to prophesize to the spirit. He was to tell the spirit, ruah, to come from the four winds, ruah, and breathe, ruah, on these dead fleshy dry bones. Thus, they might live. Ezekiel, as usual, did what Yahweh had asked him to do. Then the Spirit of Yahweh, ruah, came to these dried-out bones. All these dead bones got a new life. This great multitude of former dry bones stood on their feet. Mission accomplished.
Ezekiel said the same thing here about the cherubim that he said about the living creatures in chapter 1. When the cherubim moved, the wheels moved with them. When the cherubim rose from the earth, the wheels also rose. Wherever the cherubim would go, the wheels went with them. However, the Spirit of the living creatures was in the cherubim here.
The voice of Yahweh or the Spirit continued telling Ezekiel to lie on his left side for 390 days to indicate the number of years that Israel would be punished. Thus Ezekiel would assume this punishment that was intended for Israel, lying there on his left side one day for every year, like a scapegoat. It is hard to figure out where this number came from since it is more than a year of days. The exile did not last this long.
Yahweh spoke to Ezekiel with the title, the son of man, a mere mortal. He told him to stand up on his feet, because he wanted to speak with him. When Yahweh spoke to Ezekiel, the Spirit entered into Ezekiel. Yahweh set him on his feet. Then Ezekiel heard Yahweh speaking to him, as if he was not directly speaking to him. Yahweh told Ezekiel that he was sending him to the people of Israel, a nation of rebels that had rebelled against Yahweh. Both their ancestors and they themselves have transgressed against Yahweh even to this very day.
Ezekiel said that when the living creatures moved, the wheels moved with them. When the living creatures rose from the earth, the wheels also rose. Wherever the Spirit would go, the living creatures went. The wheels went with them. The Spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. Thus when they moved, the others moved. Then repeating what was in the earlier verse, he said that when the living creatures rose from the earth, so did the wheels. Then repeating again, he said that the Spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. Thus there was a clear connection between the four living creatures and these wheels. I am not sure where this is going.