The sons of Gershom (1 Chr 23:7-23:11)

“The sons of Gershom were Ladan and Shimei. The three sons of Ladan were Jehiel the chief, Zetham, and Joel. The three sons of Shimei were Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran. These were the heads of the fathers’ houses of Ladan. The sons of Shimei were Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei. Jahath was the chief. Zizah was second. However, Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they became enrolled in a single family.”

This section is loosely based on Numbers, chapter 4. Gershom was the oldest son of Levi, the head of one of the three branches of the Levitical tribes. He had 2 sons, Libni and Shimei. However, here the first son is called Ladan. There were a lot of Levites with the name of Jehiel. However, this Jehiel was in charge of the treasures of the temple. Zetham and Joel just get mentioned as the brothers of Jehiel, twice. Shimei has 2 sets of sons, one set of 3 sons and then another of 4 sons. This Shelomoth seems to be over David’s treasures just like Jehiel. Haziel only appears here. This is the only mention of this Haran, although that was the name of a place also. In chapter 6 of this book, Jahath was the son of Libni or Ladan, not the son of Shimei as here. Zina and Zizah are interchangeable and only mentioned here. Jeush and Beriah seemed to form one separate clan.

The sons of Gershom (1 Chr 6:17-6:17)

“These are the names of the sons of Gershom, Libni and Shimei.”

Gershom was the oldest son of Levi and his name appears over 20 times in the biblical literature. He was the head of one of the three branches of the Levitical tribe that camped west of the tabernacle in the wilderness. The Gershonites carried the curtains and other parts of the tabernacle as in Numbers, chapters 3-4. Thirteen cities were assigned to them in northern Canaan, in Joshua, chapter 21.   Gershom had two sons named (1) Libni and (2) Shimei. The grandson of Merari his uncle had the same name Libni. There were 16 biblical persons named Shimei.