The provocative Ephraim (Hos 12:14-12:14)

“Ephraim has given bitter offense.

Thus,

Yahweh will bring his crimes

Down on him.

Yahweh will pay him back

For his insults.”

Ephraim has offended Yahweh. Now Yahweh was going to reverse their crimes on them. He was going to pay them back for their insults. Pure and simple, this was payback time.