The author of Acts indicated that Paul said that the residents (οἱ γὰρ κατοικοῦντες) of Jerusalem (ἐν Ἱερουσαλὴμ), and their leaders (καὶ οἱ ἄρχοντες αὐτῶν), did not recognize Jesus (τοῦτον ἀγνοήσαντες). They fulfilled (ἐπλήρωσαν) the voices (καὶ τὰς φωνὰς) of the prophets (τῶν προφητῶν) that are read (ἀναγινωσκομένας) every Sabbath (κατὰ πᾶν σάββατον) by condemning or judging (κρίναντες) him. Paul said that the people in Jerusalem with their leaders were ignorant about Jesus. They actually fulfilled the words of the prophets that were read at every Sabbath service, by they themselves condemning Jesus. With this condemnation, they were fulfilling the prophetic sayings of the Israelite prophets. Would you have condemned Jesus?
On that special day, there was the wish to have an open fountain for the house of David and the people of Jerusalem, so that they would be able to cleanse their sins and impurities. This is a rare mention of a cleansing fountain that would become a mainstay of Christianity.
Haggai once again spoke to the people of Jerusalem with the same enumeration as in the preceding chapter, Governor Zerubbabel, the high priest Joshua, and the remnant of the people. Haggai wanted to know who was there who remembered the old Temple, since they would have to be then 70 or 80 years old. Who remembered the former glory? How did it look now in ruins, as if it was nothing?
Yahweh told Jeremiah to tell the people of Jerusalem that they had a choice of life or death. If they stayed in the city, they would die by the sword, famine, or pestilence. However, if they surrendered to the Chaldeans, who had surrounded the city, they would live. They should consider their lives a prize of war.
Jeremiah has Yahweh speak to them with this oracle. If the king and his servants, as well as the people of Jerusalem survived the pestilence, the famine, and the sword, then they would be given into the hands of King Nebuchadnezzar and their enemies. They would be stricken down with the edge of a sword. There would be no pity, no sparing them, and no compassion.
Yahweh wanted to know from Jeremiah how he could pardon the people of Jerusalem. Their children had given up on Yahweh. They were swearing to things that were not gods at all. Even after he had fed them to the full, they went and committed adultery. They ran off to the houses of prostitution with their full bellies, like lusty stallions. They were always seeking their neighbor’s wife, like a horse neighing after them. Should they not be punished for such things? This nation deserves retribution.
Due to their transgressions and the renunciation of their religious practices, the people of Jerusalem were in danger from wild animals. The lions from the forest would kill them. A wolf from the desert would destroy them. A leopard was watching them outside their cities. All of them would be torn to pieces because of their many sins and failure to worship Yahweh.