The fixed order and Israel (Jer 31:35-31:37)

“Thus says Yahweh.

‘Who gives the sun

For light by day?

Who has the fixed order

Of the moon

With the stars

For light by night?

Who stirs up the sea

So that its waves roar?

Yahweh of hosts

Is his name.

If this fixed order

Were ever to cease

From my presence,

Then also the descendants

Of Israel

Would cease

To be a nation

Before me forever.’

Says Yahweh.

Thus says Yahweh.

‘If the heavens above

Can be measured,

If the foundations

Of the earth below

Can be explored,

Then I will reject

All the offspring of Israel

Because of all

That they have done.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh says that he makes sure that there is a sun for daylight with the moon and the stars for light at night. Yahweh stirs up the seas so that they roar. It is Yahweh who keeps all this in a fixed order. If these things ceased to exist, then the descendants of Israel would cease to be a nation forever before him. In other words, as long as there is a sun, a moon, stars, and a roaring sea, Israel will be a nation, according to Yahweh.  Yahweh then said that if they could measure the heights of the heavens or the depths of the earth’s foundations, then he would reject the offspring of Israel, because they must have done something wrong.

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Triumph with Yahweh (Isa 45:24-45:25)

“Only in Yahweh,

It shall be said of me,

Is righteousness.

Only in Yahweh

Is strength.

All who were incensed against him

Shall come to him.

They shall be ashamed.

In Yahweh

All the offspring of Israel

Shall triumph.

In Yahweh

All the offspring of Israel

Shall glory.”

Second Isaiah proclaims that only in Yahweh can the offspring of Israel triumph and have glory. Only Yahweh is righteousness and strong. Anyone who was against Yahweh should be ashamed. Israel will have its glory and triumph in Yahweh.