They treat his slaves badly (Mt 22:6-22:6)

“The rest of them

Seized his slaves.

They mistreated them.

They killed them.”


οἱ δὲ λοιποὶ κρατήσαντες τοὺς δούλους αὐτοῦ ὕβρισαν καὶ ἀπέκτειναν.


This is unique to Matthew.  In the equivalent parable, Luke did not have anybody killed or mistreated.  Jesus said that the rest (οἱ δὲ λοιποὶ) of the invited guests were not indifferent.  They seized the king’s slaves (κρατήσαντες τοὺς δούλους αὐτοῦ).  They mistreated them (ὕβρισαν).  Finally, they killed them (καὶ ἀπέκτειναν).  There will not be a good outcome here.  This may be a reference to the way that the Israelite prophets had been treated.

Isaiah (Sir 48:22-48:25)

“King Hezekiah followed

What the prophet Isaiah

Had commanded.

Isaiah was great.

Isaiah was trustworthy

In his visions.

In Isaiah’s days,

The sun went backward.

He prolonged

The life of the king.

By his dauntless spirit

He saw the future.

He comforted the mourners

In Zion.

He revealed

What was to occur

To the end of time.

He revealed the hidden things

Before they happened.”

Sirach may have had 2 sources for his information about the prophet Isaiah (approximately 772-698 BCE). Besides, the mention of Isaiah in 2 Kings, chapters 17-20, there is a whole biblical Book of Isaiah with 66 chapters about and supposedly from this prophet Isaiah. He consulted with a number of kings, but especially King Hezekiah. He is generally considered one of the most important of the Israelite prophets both for age and time, because he was faithful to Yahweh. He made the sun turn around when he cured King Hezekiah, by lengthening his life. He also was a seer or predicator of things to come, but some of these visions may have been written after the events had already happened. He revealed many hidden things. Suffice it to say, his impact on Judaism and early Christianity was enormous.