“When they had sung
They went out
To the Mount of Olives.”
Καὶ ὑμνήσαντες ἐξῆλθον εἰς τὸ ὄρος τῶν Ἐλαιῶν.
This is exactly word for word in Mark, chapter 14:26, and similar in Luke, chapter 22:39. Both Matthew and Mark agree that after they had sung the praise hymns (Καὶ ὑμνήσαντες), they went out to the hill or the Mount of Olives (ἐξῆλθον εἰς τὸ ὄρος τῶν Ἐλαιῶν). The hymns that they would have sung would be the Hallel Psalms 115-118, that were usually associated with the Passover service. The Mount of Olives was about 2 miles east of the old city of Jerusalem, where many people had been buried for thousands of years. Thus, when Jesus and his 12 disciples had finished with their Passover hymn singing of the Hallel psalms, they went outside the city about 2 miles to this graveyard where there was a hill with a lot of olive trees on it.
O tower of the flock!
Hill of daughter Zion!
It shall come to you.
The former dominion
Of daughter Jerusalem.”
Yahweh, via Micah, praised the tower of the flock of Israel, the hill of daughter Zion. Jerusalem had power before and will have it again. The idea of a tower on a hill gathering all the flock of sheep of Israel indicated the importance of Jerusalem.
“Thus said Yahweh God,
The Holy One of Israel.
You shall be saved.
You shall be saved.
Your strength is in quietness.
Your strength is in trust.
But you refused.
We will flee upon horses.’
Therefore you shall flee!
‘We will ride upon swift steeds.’
Therefore your pursuers shall be swift!
A thousand shall flee
At the threat of one.
At the threat of five,
You shall flee,
Until you are left
Like a flagstaff on the top of a mountain,
Like a signal on a hill.”
This oracle of Isaiah has both titles, Yahweh God and the Holy One of Israel. Yahweh shows the Israelites how they can be saved. They have to be quiet in a trustful rest, which would then be their strength. However, they refused. They wanted to get on their fast horses and ride away. However, Yahweh reminded them that their pursuers had swift horses also. These combatants will chase them until they become like a flagpole on the top or a mountain or a signal on the top of the hill. They should have stayed quiet and relied on trusting Yahweh, not their fast horses.
“Who shall ascend the hill of Yahweh?
Who shall stand in his holy place?
Those who have clean hands and a pure heart,
Those who do not lift up their soul to what is false,
Those who do not swear deceitfully,
They will receive blessings from Yahweh.
Vindication comes from the God of their salvation.
Such is the company of those who seek him.
They are the ones who seek the face of the God of Jacob.
Who can enter the sanctuary or the holy place? Who can ascend the hill to be with Yahweh? They have to have clean hands and a pure heart. They cannot be false or deceptive. They will receive the blessings from Yahweh. Only God can vindicate their salvation. These are the ones who will seek and see the face of the God of Jacob. This section ends with a Selah, a musical pause or meditation. Notice that they are seeking the face of God of Jacob, not Israel.