Haggai used the same formula titles for all his oracles. Everyone was to have courage, including Governor Zerubbabel, the high priest Joshua, and all the people of the land. They were to get to work. Yahweh was going to be with them, just as he helped them to come out of Egypt. They were not to be afraid, because he had promised that his Holy Spirit would abide with them.
Haggai once again spoke to the people of Jerusalem with the same enumeration as in the preceding chapter, Governor Zerubbabel, the high priest Joshua, and the remnant of the people. Haggai wanted to know who was there who remembered the old Temple, since they would have to be then 70 or 80 years old. Who remembered the former glory? How did it look now in ruins, as if it was nothing?
Yahweh stirred up the spirits of the people of Jerusalem. This included the 2 leaders, Governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Joshua. Once again, they were mentioned with their father’s name and title also. All the rest of the people in Jerusalem were also stirred up. Thus, they came to work on the house of Yahweh, their God, 23 days after Haggai had first spoken to them at the beginning of this chapter.
The rulers and the remaining people of Jerusalem gathered to hear the voice of Yahweh, via the prophet Haggai. This included the governor of Judah, Zerubbabel, and the high priest Joshua, as mentioned earlier. They would obey Haggai as the voice of Yahweh, since they feared Yahweh. Yahweh had sent them Haggai as a prophet to speak in his name.