The taunt (Isa 14:12-14:15)

“How you are fallen from heaven!

O Day Star!

Son of Dawn!

How you are cut down to the ground!

You who laid the nations low!

You said in your heart.

‘I will ascend to heaven.

I will raise my throne

Above the stars of God.

I will sit

On the mount of assembly,

On the heights of Zaphon.

I will ascend to the tops of the clouds,

I will make myself like the Most High.’

But you are brought down to Sheol,

To the depths of the Pit.”

There are hints at Canaanite mythology is this taunt of the king, with the Canaanite idol terms like Day Star, son of Dawn, and Mount of Assembly. This might suggest Baal worship that could be found at Jebel, near the Turkish Syrian border or in the archeology of Ugarit, a Syrian costal town. Zaphon was on the east side of the Jordan River. Although the king aspired to go to the high heavens, he has ended up in Sheol, at the depths of the Pit. Thus this king who wanted to go to the high heavens ends up in the lower pits of Sheol, tough luck.

Bildad praises God (Job 25:1-25:6)

“Then Bildad the Shuhite answered.

‘Dominion and fear are with God.

He makes peace in his high heaven.

Is there any number to his armies?

Upon whom does his light not arise?

How then can a mortal be righteous before God?

How can one born of woman be pure?

If even the moon is not bright,

If the stars are not pure in his sight,

How much less a mortal,

A maggot,

A human being,

A worm?”

This is a very short chapter with only 6 verses. This is clearly the response of Bildad. He said that dominion and fear come with God since he had made peace in the high heavens. No one could number or count God’s armies or his angels because they were so numerous. His light shines on all. How could a mortal man be righteous before God? No one born of a woman can be pure or clean. Event the moon and the stars are not totally bright. Mortals are like maggots, worms or just plain humans.