The end of Jerusalem (Jer 32:36-32:36)

“Now therefore

Thus says Yahweh!

The God of Israel!

Concerning this city

About which you say.

‘It is given

Into the hand

Of the king of Babylon

By sword,

By famine,

By pestilence.’”

Yahweh, the God of Israel, clearly says that Jerusalem, his city, will be given into the hand of the king of Babylon. He will accomplish this, as per usual, by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence.

The old broken covenant (Jer 31:32-31:32)

“‘It will not be

Like the covenant

That I made

With their ancestors.

I took them

By the hand

To bring them out

Of the land of Egypt.

They broke

This covenant,

Even though I was

Their husband.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh was clear. Their ancestors had broken the old covenant when he brought them out of Egypt. He had taken them by the hand to lead them out like a husband helping his wife. Yet they still broke the covenant or alliance with Yahweh.

Wakeup call to Jerusalem (Isa 51:17-51:20)

“Rouse yourself!

Rouse yourself!

Stand up!

O Jerusalem!

You have drunk

At the hand of Yahweh

The cup of his wrath.

You have drunk to the dregs

The bowl of staggering.

There is no one to guide her

Among all the children

She has borne.

There is no one to take her

By the hand

Among all the children

She has brought up.

These two things have befallen you.

Who will grieve with you

In this devastation with destruction?

Who will grieve with you

In this famine?

Who will grieve with you

Because of the sword?

Who will comfort you?

Your children have fainted.

They lie at the head of every street

Like an antelope in a net.

They are full of the wrath of Yahweh.

They are full of the rebuke of your God.”

Second Isaiah has a wakeup call for Jerusalem. They had suffered enough, since they were drunk from the cup of Yahweh’s wrath. They drank so much wrath that they were staggering around. No one was guiding them. No one was taking them by the hand, among all the children of Israel. They had been struck by more than two things, devastation, destruction, famine, and the sword. Who would comfort them? Their children have fainted on the streets, like they were antelopes caught in nets. They were filled with Yahweh’s anger and rebuke. They were in bad shape.

The messianic mountain (Isa 25:9-25:10)

“It will be said on that day,

‘Look!

This is our God!

We have waited for him,

So that he might save us.

This is Yahweh.

We have waited for him.

Let us be glad!

Let us rejoice in his salvation!’

The hand of Yahweh

Will rest on this mountain.”

On this great festival day, people will say that they have been waiting for Yahweh, their God. Now they can be glad and rejoice in the salvation of Yahweh, because the hand of Yahweh will rest on this mountain, presumably Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

Yahweh controls things (Prov 21:1-21:4)

“The king’s heart is a stream of water

In the hand of Yahweh.

He turns it wherever he will.

All deeds are right

In the sight of the doer.

But Yahweh weighs the heart.

To do righteousness

Is more acceptable to Yahweh than sacrifice.

To do justice

Is more acceptable to Yahweh than sacrifice.

Haughty eyes,

The lamp of the wicked,

Are sins.

A proud heart,

The lamp of the wicked,

Are sins.”

Yahweh has control of humans. Even the heart of a king is like a stream of water in the hand of Yahweh. He controls the heart of the king and turns it into whatever he wants. Most people think that they are doing the right thing, but Yahweh checks out the heart to see if they are truly righteous. To actually be righteous and do justice is more acceptable to Yahweh than sacrifice to Yahweh. Haughty eyes and a proud heart both indicate wickedness. Thus they are both sins.

Look down on your land (Ps 80:14-80:18)

“Turn again!

O God of hosts!

Look down from heaven!

See!

Have regard for this vine!

Your right hand planted this stock.

They have burned it with fire.

They have cut it down.

May they perish

At the rebuke of your countenance!

But let your hand be

Upon the one at your right hand,

The one whom you made strong for yourself.

Then we will never turn back from you.

Give us life!

We will call on your name!”

Ther psalmist wanted God to look down and see what was happening. He wanted God to see that his planted vine was being burned and cut down. He wanted the rebuke of those who were doing this. He wanted the hand of God be upon those who were strong for God. They would never turn back from God. If they had life they would always call on the name of God.

I was stupid (Ps 73:21-73:26)

“When my soul was embittered,

When I was pricked in heart,

I was stupid.

I was ignorant.

I was like a brute beast toward you.

Nevertheless I am continually with you.

You hold my right hand.

You guide me with your counsel.

Afterward you will receive me with honor.

Whom have I in heaven but you?

There is nothing on earth

That I desire other than you.

My flesh may fail.

My heart may fail.

But God is the strength of my heart.

God is my portion forever.”

This psalmist Asaph says that he was stupid and ignorant when he had these strange thoughts about the prosperous wicked people. He was acting like a brutal beast toward God. However, God led him by the hand and gave him counsel. God then honored him. There was no one else in heaven besides God who could help him. There was nothing on this earth that he desired. His heart and his flesh might fail, but God remained his strength and portion forever.