Jesus explains the field and the seeds (Mt 13:38-13:38)

“The field is the world.

The good seeds

Are the children

Of the kingdom.

The weeds

Are the children

Of the evil one.”

 

ὁ δὲ ἀγρός ἐστιν ὁ κόσμος· τὸ δὲ καλὸν σπέρμα, οὗτοί εἰσιν οἱ υἱοὶ τῆς βασιλείας· τὰ δὲ ζιζάνιά εἰσιν οἱ υἱοὶ τοῦ πονηροῦ,

 

Only Matthew has this explanation about the parable of the weeds that was earlier in this chapter, 13:24-30.  Jesus, via Matthew, went into great detail about this earlier parable, as he explained the field, the good seed, and the weeds.  The field was the world (ὁ δὲ ἀγρός ἐστιν ὁ κόσμος).  The good seeds were the sons of the kingdom (τὸ δὲ καλὸν σπέρμα, οὗτοί εἰσιν οἱ υἱοὶ τῆς βασιλείας).  The weeds were the sons of the evil one (τὰ δὲ ζιζάνιά εἰσιν οἱ υἱοὶ τοῦ πονηροῦ).  This is the classic battle of good and evil in the world with the sons of the kingdom against the sons of the evil one.

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The good seed (Mt 13:24-13:24)

“He put before them

Another parable.

‘The kingdom of heaven

May be compared

To someone

Who sowed good seed

In his field.’”

 

Ἄλλην παραβολὴν παρέθηκεν αὐτοῖς λέγων Ὡμοιώθη ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν ἀνθρώπῳ σπείραντι καλὸν σπέρμα ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ αὐτοῦ.

 

There is no equivalent to this parable in the other synoptic gospels.  Only Matthew has this parable about the good seed and the weeds.  Jesus, via Matthew, presented them with another parable (Ἄλλην παραβολὴν παρέθηκεν αὐτοῖς λέγων), explicitly saying that this was a parable.  The kingdom of heaven could be compared (Ὡμοιώθη ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν) to a man who sowed good seed in his field (ἀνθρώπῳ σπείραντι καλὸν σπέρμα ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ αὐτοῦ).  Once again there is an emphasis on the good seed as the word about the kingdom.  Sowing good seed was a common theme.