Other feasts (Deut 16:9-16:17)

“You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. Then you shall keep the feast of weeks to Yahweh your God, contributing a freewill offering in proportion to the blessing that you have received from Yahweh your God. Rejoice before Yahweh your God, you and your sons and your daughters, your male and female slaves, the Levites resident in your towns, as well as the strangers, the orphans, and the widows who are among you, at the place that Yahweh your God will choose as a dwelling for his name. Remember that you were a slave in Egypt. Diligently observe these statutes.”

This harvest feast of weeks was also mentioned in Exodus, chapter 23, Leviticus, chapter 23, and Numbers, chapter 28. 7 weeks after the first harvest began would put this feast in June. It later became known as Pentecost, 50 days after the first harvest attempt. Once again your whole family had to go to the place that Yahweh will choose to celebrate this feast day.

“You shall keep the festival of booths seven days, when you have gathered in the produce from your threshing floor and your wine press. Rejoice during your festival, you and your sons and your daughters, your male and female slaves, as well as the Levites, the strangers, the orphans, and the widows resident in your towns. Seven days you shall keep the festival to Yahweh your God at the place that Yahweh will choose. For Yahweh your God will bless you in all your produce and in all your undertakings, and you shall surely celebrate.”

The feast of tents or booths can be found in Exodus, chapter 23, Numbers, chapter 29, and Leviticus, chapter 23. Once again, everyone is to be included in joyous festival that happens at the place that Yahweh will choose. This a fall festival harvest that lasts 7 days.

“Three times a year all your males shall appear before Yahweh your God at the place that he will choose. They are the festival of unleavened bread, at the festival of weeks, and at the festival of booths. They shall not appear before Yahweh empty-handed. All shall give as they are able, according to the blessing of Yahweh your God that he has given you.”

These then are the three great feast days, unleavened bread, weeks, and booths. All the men must go to Yahweh with full hands, each according to what he believes best. Thus the place that Yahweh chooses, which is Jerusalem, will be an extremely busy time at least 3 times a year.

The Feast of Weeks (Lev 23:15-23:22)

“From the day after the Sabbath, from the day on which you bring the sheaf of the elevation offering, you shall count off seven weeks.  They shall be complete.  You shall count until the day after the seventh Sabbath, fifty days.  Then you shall present an offering of new grain to Yahweh.  You shall bring from your settlements two loaves of bread as an elevation offering, each made of two-tenths of an ephah.  They shall be of choice flour, baked with leaven, as first fruits to Yahweh.   You shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, one young bull, and two rams.  They shall be a burnt offering to Yahweh, along with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire as a pleasing odor to Yahweh.   You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of well-being.   The priest shall raise them with the bread of the first fruits as an elevation offering before Yahweh, together with the two lambs.  They shall be holy to Yahweh for the priest. On that same day you shall make a proclamation.  You shall hold a holy convocation.  You shall not work at your occupations. It is a statute forever in all your settlements throughout your generations.  When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field to its very edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest.  You shall leave them for the poor and for the aliens.  I am Yahweh your God.”

Once again, we are in the area of a settled farming community in the Promised Land, not in the wilderness.  7 weeks after the first harvest you will make an offering, probably because of the wheat harvest.  This 7 week period is 50 days since you presented the first fruits of the harvest. Thus, it came to be called Pentecost based on the Greek translation of 50 days. However, this harvest leaves the very edges of the field and the gleanings for the poor. There was an elaborate offering with 2 loaves of leavened bread made with 20% of a bushel of choice flour as the first fruits to Yahweh.  This feast has leavened bread and not the unleavened bread.  Then you need 7 one year old unblemished lambs, 1 young bull, and 2 rams, quite a large herd of 10 animals.  All this makes up the grain offering and the burnt offering so that there is a pleasing odor to Yahweh.  However, there is more.  You have a sin offering of a male goat and 2 male lambs as a well-being offering.  This makes 13 animals.  Obviously this is not one individual but a group of people.  On the same day that you shall make a proclamation, you hold a holy convocation and you do not work at your occupations.