Yahweh was going to stretch out his hand to destroy the enemy of Israel to the north, the Assyrians. He had just punished the people on the west, the Philistines, the people on the east, the Moabites and the Ammonites, and the people to the south, the Ethiopians. Yahweh was going to make northern Nineveh a desolate wasteland desert. Every kind of wild animal and various herds would live there. A variety of owls would nest in their ornate towers. Owls would hoot at their windows, while ravens would croak at their doorsteps. All their cedar wood work would be open to the weather.
In this oracle of Yahweh, Amos pointed out that the Israelites were not privileged, since Yahweh had brought other countries from one place to another like Israel came from Egypt. He had helped the Philistines come from Caphtor, also a part of Egypt. Yahweh also helped the Arameans from Kir, an area in Mesopotamia. The Israelites were no better than the Ethiopians. They had become a sinful nation. Thus, he was going to destroy them from the face of the earth. However, Yahweh would not utterly destroy the house of Jacob. He would leave a remnant.