Shall remain many days
Without a king
Or a prince.
They shall remain
They shall seek
They shall come
To his goodness,
In the latter days.”
Hosea that predicted that the Israelites would spend many days without a king, prince, or leader. They also would be without sacrifices, since there would be no temple or pillar to worship at. There would be no high priest who would wear the ephod. There would be no teraphim or household gods, implying that the Israelites had some of these gods as in Genesis, chapter 31. The good news was that these Israelites would eventually seek Yahweh, their God. They would have David or his descendants as their king. In awe, they would return to the good Yahweh in the days to come.
“The Lord blessed Aaron with stateliness.
He put a glorious robe on him.
He clothed him in perfect splendor.
He strengthened him
With the symbols of authority.
Aaron had linen undergarments.
He had a long robe.
He had the ephod.
The Lord encircled him with pomegranates.
There were many golden bells all around.
This sent forth a sound as he walked.
Their ringing could be heard in the temple.
This was a reminder to his people.”
Next Sirach explains the holy vestments of Aaron. The problem, of course, is that Aaron never made it to the Promise Land to wear any of these vestments, since he died in the desert or wilderness, centuries before the Jerusalem Temple was built. These were the vestments of the Levitical priests, not Aaron, as described in Exodus, chapter 28. Aaron was to be stately and splendid wearing these robes of authority. He was to wear linen undergarments, a long robe, and the ephod. According to Exodus, the long robe was blue with pomegranates all around it. The bells were to remind people that he was coming into the Temple that did not yet exist. The ephod was an old cultural vestment, an embroidered garment, believed to be like an apron with shoulder straps, worn by Levitical priests in ancient Israel.