The first and the last (Mt 19:30-19:30)

“But many

Who are first

Will be last.

The last

Will be first.”


Πολλοὶ δὲ ἔσονται πρῶτοι ἔσχατοι καὶ ἔσχατοι πρῶτοι.


This eschatological saying about the reversal of order can be found in Mark, chapter 10:31, word for word, and Luke, chapter 13:30, but slightly different.  This same saying will be repeated by Matthew in chapter 20:16 about day laborers.  This renewal at the end times, would reverse the earthly hierarchy.  Mark and Matthew say that this will happen to many people, while Luke said only some people.  Here many people (Πολλοὶ) who are now first will be last (Πολλοὶ δὲ ἔσονται πρῶτοι ἔσχατοι), while the people last now will be first (καὶ ἔσχατοι πρῶτοι) at the end eschatological renewal final time.  This is a saying often used to remind people that things will not always be the same as they are today.