The crucifixion

Jesus went to Golgotha for his crucifixion.  The inscription on the cross was in three-languages.  It said that he was the King of the Jews.  The Jewish leaders complained, but Pilate said that he had written it, and that was that.  The Roman soldiers shared Jesus’ garments, but they cast lots for his tunic.  There were three women named Mary standing at the cross.  Jesus said to his mother “Woman! Behold your son!”  Then he said to his beloved disciple “Behold! Your mother!”  Jesus was thirsty, so that they gave him some sour wine from a jar there.  Would you have gone to the crucifixion of Jesus?

The crucifixion (Lk 23:33-23:33)

“They came

To the place

That is called the Skull.

There they crucified Jesus,

With the criminals,

One on his right

One on his left.”

Καὶ ὅτε ἦλθον ἐπὶ τὸν τόπον τὸν καλούμενον Κρανίον, ἐκεῖ ἐσταύρωσαν αὐτὸν καὶ τοὺς κακούργους, ὃν μὲν ἐκ δεξιῶν ὃν δὲ ἐξ ἀριστερῶν.

Luke said that they came to the place (Καὶ ὅτε ἦλθον ἐπὶ τὸν τόπον) called the Skull (τὸν καλούμενον Κρανίον), where they crucified Jesus (ἐκεῖ ἐσταύρωσαν αὐτὸν), with two criminals (καὶ τοὺς κακούργους), one on his right side (ὃν μὲν ἐκ δεξιῶν), and the other on his left side (ὃν δὲ ἐξ ἀριστερῶν).  In John, chapter 19:17, it was also called “The Place of the Skull,” as the translation of the Hebrew word Golgotha.  Mark, chapter 15:22, said that they brought Jesus to this Golgotha place (καὶ φέρουσιν αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τὸν Γολγοθᾶν τόπον).  He said that this could be translated (ὅ ἐστιν μεθερμηνευόμενος) as “The Place of the Skull (Κρανίου τόπος).”  Matthew, chapter 27:33, said that they came to a place called Golgotha (Καὶ ἐλθόντες εἰς τόπον λεγόμενον Γολγοθᾶ) that means “Place of a Skull (ὅ ἐστιν κρανίου τόπος λεγόμενος).”  This Golgotha apparently was a transliteration of the Aramaic word for skull.  The exact location near Jerusalem is not known, but the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is the traditional place for Calvary, based on the Latin translation of Golgotha, probably a little east of Jerusalem.  Both Matthew chapter 27:38,and Mark, chapter 15:22, had said that each of the two criminals crucified with Jesus were one on his right side (εἷς ἐκ δεξιῶν), and the other on his left side (καὶ εἷς ἐξ εὐωνύμων), just like Luke here, but Luke never mentioned the word Golgotha.  How do you like the name of the Skull?

The gathering with Pilate (Mt 27:62-27:62)

“The next day,

That is,

After the day of Preparation,

The chief priests

And the Pharisees

Gathered before Pilate.”

 

Τῇ δὲ ἐπαύριον, ἥτις ἐστὶν μετὰ τὴν Παρασκευήν, συνήχθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι πρὸς Πειλᾶτον

 

This is unique to Matthew, who said that the next day or the tomorrow (Τῇ δὲ ἐπαύριον), after the day of Preparation (ἥτις ἐστὶν μετὰ τὴν Παρασκευήν), the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate (συνήχθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι πρὸς Πειλᾶτον).  Now we have the problem of dating the crucifixion.  What does the following day mean?  This tomorrow was the day after the day of Preparation.  Was it the day of preparation for the Sabbath or the day of preparation for Passover?  Perhaps Passover fell on the Sabbath.  Anyway, the chief priests were joined by the Pharisees, but not the elders or presbyters of Jerusalem as in all the other preceding meetings.  Why did the Pharisees suddenly show up here?  There were no elders, scribes, or Sadducees at this meeting before Pilate, the governor of Judea.