This is unique to Matthew, who said that while the 2 women were going to the disciples of Jesus (Πορευομένων δὲ αὐτῶν), some of the custodial guards at the tomb went into the city (ἰδού τινες τῆς κουστωδίας ἐλθόντες εἰς τὴν πόλιν). These guards told or reported to the chief priests (ἀπήγγειλαν τοῖς ἀρχιερεῦσιν) everything that had happened (ἅπαντα τὰ γενόμενα). Remember these were not the Roman soldiers, but the custodial guards hired by the Jewish leaders. Once again, Matthew showed his bias against these Jewish leaders in Jerusalem.
This story about Jesus being hungry in the morning can be found in Mark, chapter 11:12, almost word for word. In the morning (Πρωῒ δὲ), when Jesus returned from Bethany to the city of Jerusalem (ἐπαναγαγὼν εἰς τὴν πόλιν), he was hungry (ἐπείνασεν). This simple statement starts an interesting story, but also shows an interesting human trait of Jesus. Like many other humans, he was hungry in the morning.
Mark, chapter 11:11, also talked about Jesus going to Bethany. Jesus left the chief priests and the Scribes (Καὶ καταλιπὼν αὐτοὺς). He went out of the city of Jerusalem (ἐξῆλθεν ἔξω τῆς πόλεως). Thus, he went to Bethany (εἰς Βηθανίαν), where he spent the night (καὶ ηὐλίσθη ἐκεῖ). This would make sense, as it was about a mile and a half east of Jerusalem. This was the same city of Lazarus and his sisters, Mary and Martha. However, Matthew never mentioned Mary, Martha, or Lazarus.
Yahweh was going to gather all the other countries to battle against Jerusalem. Jerusalem would be defeated, as the city would be taken. Their house would be robbed and their women raped. Half of the city would go into exile, while the other half would be okay in the city.
On this coming day, Yahweh was going to shield Jerusalem from all attacks. The weakest among them would be like King David. The house of David would be like God, with the angel of Yahweh leading it. Yahweh was going to destroy every country that tried to go against Jerusalem. This was a very strong defense of the city of Jerusalem and the Davidic royalty, on the day of Yahweh.
Yahweh was going to be the guard of his house. People would not be able to move around or overtake it. Perhaps, this is an allusion to a visit of Alexander the Great to Jerusalem on some of his exploits. He obviously spared the city. Thus, no oppressor would be able to overrun them. Yahweh was going to see all this with his own eyes.
Yahweh said that both the old men and the old women would again sit in the streets of Jerusalem with their walking canes due to their old age. Meanwhile, the young boys and the young girls would fill the city by playing in the streets.
Zephaniah rebuked not only the city, but the leaders in the city of Jerusalem. Their officials were like roaring lions. Their judges were like evening wolves preying on people at night. Their prophets were reckless faithless people. Their priests profaned the sacred things, by doing violence to the law of Yahweh.
Jerusalem, the city itself, was to be cursed because it was a soiled, defiled, rebellious, and oppressing city. Jerusalem would not listen to any voice or accept any correction. She had not trusted in Yahweh, nor drawn near to her God. Jerusalem was in bad shape.
So too, the people of Nineveh would be drunk and go into hiding, as they would seek to get away from their enemies. All their strong fortresses would be like ripe fig trees. If they would be touched or shaken, these strongholds would fall like ripe fruit right into the mouths of their enemies. Women had become their troops. The gates of the city were wide open to their enemies because fire had consumed the bars on their gates. They had to get water during the siege. They would have to strengthen their fortresses with clay, mortar, and bricks.