The Babylonians took the large ornate pillars (Jer 52:20-52:23)

“The bronze

Of all these things

Was beyond weighing.

This included the two pillars.

The one was the bronze sea,

With the twelve bronze bulls

Under the sea.

King Solomon

Had made these

For the house of Yahweh.

As for the pillars,

The height of the one pillar

Was eighteen cubits.

Its circumference was twelve cubits.

It was hollow.

Its thickness was four fingers.

Upon it was a capital of bronze.

The height of the capital

Was five cubits.

Lattice work

With pomegranates,

All of bronze,

Encircled the top of the capital.

The second pillar

Had the same thing

With pomegranates.

There were ninety-six pomegranates

On the sides.

All the pomegranates

Encircling the lattice work

Numbered one hundred.”

This is an expanded version of what appeared in 2 Kings, chapter 25. The Babylonians took the two large pillars that were about 27 feet high (18 cubits) and 18 feet (12 cubits) around. The bronze was about 4 inches thick. There is a very precise description of one pillar, while the second pillar was similar to it. Apparently these pillars were around the bronze sea with the 12 bronze bulls that King Solomon had made. These hollow pillars had a column or capital at the top that had lattice work with about 24 pomegranates on each of the 4 sides with 4 in each corner totally 100 pomegranates around it.

 

The bronze sea (2 Chr 4:2-4:5)

“Then King Solomon made the molten sea. It was round, ten cubits from rim to rim, and five cubits high. A line of thirty cubits would encircle it completely. Under it were panels all around it, each of the ten cubits, surrounding the sea. There were two rows of panels, cast when it was cast. It stood on twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set on them. The hindquarters of each were towards the inside. Its thickness was a handbreadth. Its rim was made like the rim of a cup, like the flower of a lily. It held three thousand baths.”

This bronze sea is like a raised round swimming pool as in 1 Kings, chapter 7. However, here there is no mention of the Tyrian artisan Hiram as in 1 Kings, until later in this chapter. The general attribution is to King Solomon, but the rest is practically word for word from 1 Kings. It was 10 x 5 cubits with a 30 cubit circumference, about 15 foot wide, about 7 1/2 foot deep, about 45 feet around, not really that big. There were 2 rows of 10 cubit panels on the rim. This was then set on bronze oxen or 12 fertility bulls, with a group of 3 together facing out in the 4 different basic directions. This big bowl held about 12,000 gallons of water. Here it said 3,000 baths, but in 1 Kings, it was only 2.000 baths. Here it says rim instead of brim, but that may be the translator. Supposedly it was used for the priests to wash in as they went into the Temple. It is difficult to be sure since this was a raised bronze pool and not in the ground.

The bronze sea (1 Kings 7:23-7:26)

“Then Hiram made the molten sea. It was round, ten cubits from brim to brim, and five cubits high. A line of thirty cubits would encircle it completely. Under its brim were panels all around it, each of ten cubits, surrounding the sea. There were two rows of panels, cast when it was cast. It stood on twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set on them. The hindquarters of each were towards the inside. Its thickness was a handbreadth. Its brim was made like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily. It held two thousand baths.”

This bronze sea is like a raised round swimming pool. It was 10 x 5 cubits with a 30 cubit circumference, about 15 foot wide, about 7 1/2 foot deep, about 45 feet around, not really that big. There were 2 rows of 15 foot panels on the brim. This was then set on bronze oxen or 12 fertility bulls, with 3 together facing out in 4 different basic directions. This big bowl held about 12,000 gallons of water. Supposedly it was used for the priests to wash in as they went into the temple. It is difficult to be sure since this was a raised bronze pool and not in the ground.